Enforcement Training Given By Department of Public Safety
Source: Constabulary Lightning Bolt, June 4 1947
Provided by John Capone
Sonthofen - The Department of Public Safety,
U.S. Constabulary School, in Sonthofen is responsible for developing
the troopers in the Constabulary into law enforcement agents.
Instructors in the department have been garnered from all sections
of the United States. The department director, Lt Col A.M. Eaton,
is from Memphis, Tenn., and in addition instructs in the responsibilities,
personal bearing, conduct, and duties of the trooper. The executive
officer, Maj Gifford L. Weston, is from Caledonia, N.Y. In addition
he instructs in the important subject of passes and permits.
Capt David C. Clagett, a native of Upper Marlboro, Md., handles
the three subjects, report writing, laws of arrest and criminal
investigation, while Capt Willis F. Gausman, who comes from Oklahoma
City, Okla., instructs in elements of crime, criminal investigation,
and operation of Constabulary CP desks and records. Lt John J. McGuire
of Altoona, Pa., is the school's instructor in report writing, scene
of crime, and criminal investigation. Louis Ramirez, who calls New
York City his home, teaches the subject of evidence, rules, collection
and preservation, and criminal investigation. Lt Leon E. Lancaster
of Rutherforton, NC., trains students in the duties of patrols,
traffic control, and criminal investigation.
Native of Colorado
Capt William A. Spight, who instructs in traffic accidents, evidence,
rules, and collection and preservation, is a native son of Fort
Collins, Colo., and the subject, interrogation, confessions, and
statements, is taught by a Chicagoan, John F. Kreissl. The State
of Illinois also claims Capt Raymond C. Hill, the department's adjutant,
who is from Salem.
Capt Asa P. Gray, the department's instructor in report writing,
comes from Lansing, Mich., and Lt Charles A. Watson, of Dade City,
Fla., handles duties of patrols. Another southerner, Lt Clyde R.
Weathers, instructs in unarmed defense. He is a native of Raleigh,
Capt Roger E. Lewis, of Glendale, Calif., is the unarmed defense
expert. Lt William S. Price, of Philadelphia, Pa., trains students
in technique and mechanics of arrest. Court and courtroom demeanor
and fire prevention and game laws are given by Lt Franz Schubert.
He is a native of Springfield, Mass. Capt William J. DeSalvo, of
Oyster Bay, N.Y., has as his special work the instruction of students
in operation of Constabulary CP desks (and) records. Capt Roy Moore
teaches evidence, rules, collection and preservation, report writing,
and operation of Constabulary CP desks and records. He is from Enum
Members of the administrative staff include natives of every section
of the United States. Brooklyn, N.Y., claims Miss Mary McDonnell,
who is engaged in secretarial work in the department and the maintenance
of training schedules. S/Sgt Judith Yaeger, assistant chief clerk,
is from Hamden, Conn., while Sgt John Capone, judo instructor, is
a native of New Haven in the same state.
Two of the department's judo instructors call New York their home
state, S/Sgt. Carl (not legible) is a native son of Camden, and
T/5 Michael Mancini comes from Amsterdam. Instruction in judo is
also taught by M/Sgt George Abe, who claims Pullman, Wash., as his
native place; S/Sgt Frank Broce, of Huntington, W.Va.; S/Sgt William
Hines, a native of San Marcos, Texas; Pfc Will H. Grosskopf, who
comes from New York City and two southerners, S/Sgt William Duty,
of Artrit, Va., and Pfc Monroe Tillery, of West Point, Ga. Honolulu,
Hawaii, is the native place of judo instructor Philipp N. Arboleda.
A Texan, T/4 Billy L. Ross, of Delvalle, is the department's chief
clerk, while the mid-west claims the reproduction section chief
and reproduction clerk. T/4 Ada B. Spielman is a native daughter
of Rockford, Ill., while Cpl Doris R. Dunwoody is from Elgin, in
the same state.
Planned in Sequence
The operation plan of the department calls for instruction in the
various subjects in sequence. The students attending the school
are first indoctrinated in responsibilities, personal conduct, bearing
and duties of the trooper. Then they are instructed in the laws
of arrest where a background of all current laws is established
in order to provide the trooper with (the) ability to recognize
an infraction or violation of a law when it occurs. Elements of
crime are next studied, and in this subject the student acquires
technical and practical knowledge of items normally contained in
a crime scene. He then has practical work in sketching a scene of
crime, indicating in the sketches the exact position of various
elements in the scene.
Evidence, the rules, collection and preservation of evidence are
then studied in order to develop within the trooper the ability
to determine what elements of crime found at the scene of crime
will be accepted normally by the courts as evidence. How this evidence
must be collected, and how it must be packaged and marked for preservation
are likewise discussed. From there, the student is next instructed
in the correct method of interrogating subjects, obtaining confessions
and statements with practical exercises on the proper method and
form to be used in recording the results of their interrogations
or confessions and statements obtained.
A brief course also is given the student on passes and permits in
order that he, as a trooper, can readily recognize passes which
are acceptable and those which are forged or non-acceptable. With
this background, the student then receives instruction in report
writing where he is thoroughly trained in all the basic elements
of proper reporting, including in his reports information normally
required by higher command or required for testimony to obtain a
conviction of any criminals apprehended.
Methods of Arrest
The next step in rounding out the trooper is a thorough indoctrination
in the technique and mechanics of arrest. The proper method of approach
and how to eliminate the possibility of escape by a suspect once
a decision is made to questions or apprehend him, is developed in
the minds of all troopers.
All of these subjects lead to the activities of the trooper when
on patrol, and he receives complete instruction in a course, duties
of patrols, foot and mounted, tying in by practical exercises elements
of the subjects formerly studied. The trooper is next shown by a
comprehensive course the results of his activities as developed
in the operation of a Constabulary CP desk and record section. The
final step in the trooper's education is a course on court and courtroom
demeanor, where by practical work again, he obtains knowledge of
the proper method of entering the court, reporting, and serving
as a witness. Three aditional courses are taught, all of which are
duty requirements of the trooper.
A short course on fire prevention and game laws is included, and
there is a concentrated course in unarmed defense or judo. This
course is definitely tied in with technique and mechanics of arrest
in that it gives the trooper training which permits apprehension
without use of undue force or unneccessary use of weapons.
are two special courses which are given desk and record students
and to SIS (Special Investigator Squad) students. The desk and record
course to the desk and record students is a most complete and thorough
course of instruction on the proper operation of a CP desk and record
section with the attending ability to chart statistically and graphically
the operations of that section.
The special criminal investigation course is laid down along the
lines of courses given CID investigators and includes studies on
all subjects pertaining to investigations of crimes and accidents.
A traffic accident course given to all students includes instruction
in the requirements for investigating and correctly reporting traffic
accidents, with practical exercises in completing all forms necessary.
(Editor's note: This is the first of a series of articles on
the courses on instruction given at the U.S. Cosntabulary School.)