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21st Support Command
US Army, Europe

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please email me (webmaster).


History (19..-19..)

Annual History, 1974
(1st Spt Bde)

Annual History, 1977

Annual History 1978

Command Briefing
(probably 1982)

Newspaper articles


Related Links



History

Timeline from 1951 to 2011
(Source: 21st Theater Sustainment Command website, accessed July 29, 2013)
The above issue (Vol 2, 2011) of the MILLRINDER MAGAZINE, is a special issue of the 21st Theater Sustainment Command's publication that features articles on the evolution of the 21st TSC from its roots as the Communications Zone, Europe to its present configuration (2011) and ties the command's 60 year history to many significant milestones in USAREUR & US history.

usarmygermany.com presents two of the main articles that cover the periods 1951 through 1989 as well as a timeline from 1951 to 2011.

To review the entire issue which includes additional articles on the 21st TSC history post-Cold War, click here (the original PDF file is very large - 28 Mb and will take some time to load).

(Source: 21st Theater Sustainment Command website, accessed April 3, 2012)
Inheriting a distinguished tradition of combat service support, the lineage and honors of 21st Theater Army Area Command began in 1965 with the activation of the 1st Support Brigade
1965 - 1969
1st Support Brigade (1st Spt Bde)

23 June 1965 to August 18, 1976

Mission: The initial mission of the 1st Support Brigade was to provide a variety of support services within theater, primarily in the rear areas, that were not provided directly through the staff of USAREUR, or TASCOM (the 1st Support Brigade would later fall under TSCOM, but initially was a separate element). At this time, the three major Corps operating in theater also had significant Support Commands within their own structures.

Background: The 1st Support Brigade was activated basically to pick up where other theater support units left off. Early the brigade's history, USAREUR conducted a significant restructuring that left no major subordinate logistical command and this place a significant burden of support on the brigade, which soon was upgraded to a command. The brigade's first home was Taylor Barracks, Mannheim, Germany. In 1974, TASCOM was merged with Headquarters, United States Army, Europe, and the missions of 1st Support Brigade were expanded to include base operations support for eight military communities as well as the management of regional area support. The brigade was upgraded to a general officer command, and the headquarters moved to Panzer Kaserne, Kaiserslautern, Germany.

How it is different: As a brigade it was not a major subordinate command. It's capabilities of providing support within its structure did not match that of the preceding organizations of the COMZEUR and the TASCOM, and ultimately USAREUR upgraded the unit to something that much more closely matched the structure of the TASCOM.

1969 - 1988

21st Support Command (21st SUPCOM)
August 19, 1976 to October 17, 1988

Mission: The mission of the 21st SUPCOM much more closely resembled that of the TASCOM than the mission of the 1st Support Brigade did. However, at this time, the major Corps operating in theater had significant support commands within their own structure, and the 21st SUPCOM's role was more of a theater wide facilitator than a direct support provider to combat units.

Background: As the 1st Support Brigade's mission set and capabilities continued to increase, USAREUR eventually upgraded the unit to a two-star command and re-designated it as the 21st SUPCOM. This re-designation returned the unit to the status of a major subordinate command to USAREUR, and more accurately reflected the level of responsibility held by the organization.

How it was different: In addition to having logistics capabilities more closely resembling previous organizations like the COMZEUR and the TASCOM, the 21st SUPCOM re-assumed from the USAREUR staff many of the functions that had moved there in the restructuring just a few years earlier. The basic mission of providing support to theater forces, in conjunction with the Corps Support Commands, did not change.

1988 - 2000

21st Theater Army Area Command (21st TAACOM)
October 18, 1988 to October 17, 2000

Mission: Initially the command had essentially the same mission set that had been there for decades: Support theater operations and prepare for war with the Soviet east. Near the end of the 21st TAACOM period, however the mission changed, and the Soviet east was no longer a threat, but support to major operations in neighboring theaters became a significant part of the unit's mission.

Background: The term Theater Army Area Command reflects the unit structure on which the 21st Support Command was already based. In fact, in manning documents, orders and other official documents, the unit name of 21st Support Command was often followed by 'TAACOM' in parenthesis.

How it was different: The name change from 21st Support Command to 21st TAACOM was primarily a name-only change that reflected what was already the unit's official designation. It was upgraded from a two-star to a three-star command, but this was more a reflection of capacity than a significant mission change.

The shoulder sleeve insignia was originally approved on 11 Feb 1966 for the 1st Support Brigade. On 15 Oct 1976 it was redesignated for the 21st Support Command.

Annual History, 1st Support Brigade, 1974
(Source: Annual Supplement to the Unit History of the 1st Support Brigade, 1974)
1. Introduction
The Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Support Brigade was activated on 23 June 1965, as a subordinate maintenance support headquarters under the Seventh Army Support Command. The Seventh Army Support Command was an organization reactivated during the summer of 1965 as part of the program to realign the Seventh Army logistic structure in accordance with the new COSTAR concept of operations. This concept of operations centralized the control of all field Army non-divisional combat service support resources. The 1st Support Brigade was one of the support brigades so designated under the Seventh Army Support Command.

The newly formed Brigade Headquarters was organized around the nucleus of the headquarters of the recently inactivated 521st Engineer Group. The Headquarters was established at Taylor Barracks, Mannheim-Kafertal, Germany. The activation and reorganization of the subordinate units of the Brigade occurred during the period 25 May 1965 through 21 December 1965. Upon reorganization, the Brigade had operational and administrative control of the following units: 51st Maintenance Battalion (DS), 56th Supply & Service Battalion (DS), 66th Maintenance Battalion (DS), 81st Maintenance Battalion (GS), 97th Quartermaster Battalion (PETR), 115th Supply & Service Battalion (GS) and the 205th Transportation Battalion.

As a result of the Command Control Logistic Study - 1970 (CCLS-70) the Seventh Army Support Command was dissolved with two support commands, one assigned to V Corps and VII Corps respectively. The 1st Support Brigade was reassigned as a major subordinate headquarters under the United States Theater Army Support Command (TASCOM). On 25 June 1970, there was a further reorganization and realignment of the supply and maintenance functions within the Brigade to better adapt to the configuration of the new TASCOM area of support responsibility. Due to this change, a number of Brigade missions were realigned within the TASCOM configuration and the 97th Quartermaster, 115th Supply & Services and the 205th Transportation Battalions were released from the Brigade. Based on a feasibility study prepared by a committee from HQ, USTASCOMEUR and 1st Support Brigade, the Commanding General, USTASCOMEUR, approved a reorganization of all aviation assets within USTASCOMEUR. Under this reorganization, the Army Aircraft GS/DS Maintenance Support Mission was assigned to the 1st Support Brigade and the US Army Aviation Maintenance Center (USAAMAC) was redesignated as the US Army Aviation Systems Support Center (USAASSC} (PROV) and assigned to the Brigade as a result of Project Fender. Upon completion of Project Fender in December 1973 major subordinate units of the Brigade included the US Army Aviation Systems Support Center, the 51st Maintenance Battalion, 66th Maintenance Battalion and 81st Maintenance Battalion.

The 1st Support Brigade was the focal point of several important events in 1974. The Brigade was reorganized under Project CHASE (Consolidation of Headquarters and Area Support Elements) moved its headquarters from Mannheim to Kaiserslautern and participated as a control headquarters for Exercise REFORGER 74.

2. Organization and Administration.

A. Organization


(1) Having been reorganized in December 1973 under Project Fender the Brigade underwent another reorganization on 1 July 1974 under Project CHASE. Under Project CHASE, area and support functions formerly performed by TASCOM and ENGCOM were transferred to the communities under the regional management of the two corps and the 1st Support Brigade. The resulting organization of the 1st Support Brigade provided for a dual function headquarters: Combat Service Support (DS/GS Maintenance and POMCUS Stocks) and Area Support (Community Activities). The 1st Support Brigade area encompassed most of the former Rheinland-Pfalz Support and Engineer Districts, Norddeutschland Support District and residual activities not within the corps Support Regions.

(2) The 1st Support Brigade reorganization was effected under:
(a) MTOE 54-22G, USAREUR GO 2063, dated 3 April 1974.
(b) AUG TDA ELWCOG99, USAREUR GO 5225, dated 3 April 1974.

(3) The following units remained assigned to 1st Support Brigade: 51st Maintenance Battalion, 66th Maintenance Battalion, 81st Maintenance Battalion and USAASSC.

(4) The following units were assigned to Headquarters, 1st Support Brigade:
UNITS
USAREUR GO
DATE
USA Combat Equipment Group, Europe
4723
26 JUN 74
USA Energy Center, Europe
7472
20 SEP 74
           
The USA Energy Center, Europe was placed under USAREUR for operational control.

(5) The following were attached to Headquarters, 1st Support Brigade:
UNITS
USAREUR GO
DATE
94th MP Battalion
4773
28 JUN 74
95th MP Battalion
4774
28 JUN 74
RPC Kaiserslautern   8742   1 NOV 74  
RPC Karlsruhe   8724   1 NOV 74  
RPC Mannheim   7737   30 SEP 74  
15th AG Det Postal   5538   24 JUL 74  
41st AG Det Postal   5538   24 JUL 74  
48th AG Det Postal   5538   24 JUL 74  
111th AG Det Postal   5538   24 JUL 74  
115th AG Det Postal   5538   24 JUL 74  
147th AG Det Postal   5538   24 JUL 74  
5th Finance Section   4759   28 JUN 74  
44th Finance Section   4759   28 JUN 74  
45th Finance Section   4759   28 JUN 74  
59th Finance Section   4759   28 JUN 74  
           
(6) The following community activities were established and assigned to 1st Support Brigade effective 1 July 1974:
USMCA TDA
USAREUR GO
DATE
Kaiserslautern E1W33AAA
4689
25 JUN 74
Pirmasens E1W33GAA
4694
25 JUN 74
Zweibrücken E1W33PAA 4693   25 JUN 74  
Heidelberg E1W328AA 4695   25 JUN 74  
Karlsruhe E1W33BAA 4690   25 JUN 74  
Mannheim E1W33DAA 4692   25 JUN 74  
Worms E1W33MAA 4691   25 JUN 74  
USF SUPDIST Norddeutschland E1W28IAA 4761   28 JUN 74  
           
(7) The following units were transferred to other USAREUR major commands:
UNITS
USAREUR GO
DATE
48th Trans Co (Acft GS)
10137
19 DEC 74
245th Trans Co (Acft GS)
10138
19 DEC 74
           
(8) The configuration of commands within the 1st Support Brigade as of 1 July 1975 was as follows:
(9) The Headquarters 1st Support Brigade was organized with the following command and staff sections:
(The remainder of Section: Organization and Administration is missing.)
3. Major Accomplishments

A. Operations


(1) From January 1974 to July 1974, the 1st Support Brigade continued performing its mission of DS/GS Maintenance support. Of particular interest was the Combat Equipment Group, Europe (CEGE) CM 5 Program which was a maintenance repair program on approximately 1300 wheeled and track vehicles in preparation for Exercise REFORGER 74.

(2) US Army Aviation Systems Support Center (USAASSC), in addition to providing DS/GS aircraft maintenance to the theater area, continued to provide general support to 1st Support Brigade, USAMMAE, TRANSCOM and their subordinate units along with operating the USAREUR Closed Loop program for retrograde and reception of aircraft to USAREUR.

(3) The 51st, 66th and 81st Maintenance Battalions continued to perform DS/GS maintenance missions in the assigned 1st Support Brigade area.

(4) As a result of the reorganization under Project CHASE, the units assigned/attached to the 1st Support Brigade as of 1 July 1974 were transferred with almost no change in mission. The unit transferred was Combat Equipment Group, Europe (CEGE). Units attached were the 94th and 95th Military Police Battalions.

(5) Another facet of Project CHASE was the assumption of the mission of the third USAREUR Regional Command in addition to V and VII Corps regions, along with the mission was the assignment and operational control of seven communities (Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Kaiserslautern, Mannheim, Pirmasens, Worms and Zweibruecken) and US Support District Norddeutschland. The 1st Support Brigade became an organization with two distinct operational missions: Combat Service Support and Area Suppurt.

B. Training and Exercises

(1) The Brigade conducted its normal unit training during the year with particular attention being given to attendance at service schools, i.e., NCO Academy, NCOES and 7th Army Training Center Courses.

(2) The 1st Support Brigade participated in the following exercises:
(a) FLAMING LANCE in Sardinia
(b) Vulcan service practice in Crete
(c) ARGUS EXPRESS in Norway
(d) REFORGER 74
(e) AUTUMN TEST

(3) REFORGER 74 was the principal exercise during the year in which the Brigade participated. A provisional command and control organization, REFORGER 74 Control Group, was established at Worms, Germany in mid-July 1974. The Control Group moved to Kaiserslautern in early September, was augmented with representatives from all pertinent staff sections, began 8-hour per day operations on 2 September and 24-hour operations on 26 September. During the exercise the operation center staff served as the REFORGER control element of the Brigade. They maintained current status of equipment and its issue, operational status and location of REFORGER units and maintained convoy movements, logistics support and communication. Daily briefings were conducted for the Brigade Commander and staff. Headquarters, USAREUR was provided required reports. To assist in the control of 1st Support Brigade operatio in the MUAA (Major Unit Assembly Area), the 51st Maintenance Battalion served as the forward liaison element for the Brigade during Phase II of the exercise. The US Army Combat Equipment Group, Europe (USACEGEUR) activated and issued track and wheeled vehicles to REFORGER Forces. The maintenance battalions of the Brigade provided maintenance, supply and field service support to REFORGER and participating units in the IUAA's (Initial Unit Assembly Area) and in the MUAA. In addition to the REFORGER 74 Control Group, other provisional groups were formed from Brigade and community assets. Assembly Area Control Groups (AACG) were organized to operate Initial Unit Assembly Areas (IUAA) in the vicinity of issuing prepo sites during Phase I and coordinated turn-in and redeployment operations at the storage sites during Phase II. AACG's were responsible for providing administrative support and serving as point of contact for all non-organic logistic support. Convoy Support Centers (CSC) and Maintenance Halts (MH) were organized from Brigade/Community resources and positioned along the convoy routes between the IUAA's and the MUAA during Phase I and Phase III. AC of S Security, Plans and Operations was the focal noint for all REFORGER 74 actions to include writing, staffing and publishing the final internal and external after action reports.

C. Special Events

(1) Civic Actions

(a) From 12 - 18 May 1974 the annual German-American Friendship Week was held with open house at Coleman Barracks and Taylor Barracks in Mannheim. The week was opened by a joint performance at the Mannheim National Theater. German and American Opera singers participated.

(b) From 24 August to 2 September 1974, the 64th MP Detachment, 95th MP Battalion assisted at the annual Backfischfest in Worms. The 1st Support Brigade Showcase and the 76th Army Band performed there on 30 September.

2. Permanent Change of Station.

The Brigade completed its move to Panzer Kaserne, Kaiserslautern during the month of August 1974. A ceremony was conducted on 19 August 1974, which officially established the 1st Support Brigade in Kaiserslautern. The majority of personnel staffing the headquarters were reassigned to the 1st Support Brigade from the deactivated TASCOM, the deactivated Rheinland Pfalz Support District, the deactivated Rheinland Pfalz Engineer District and the former 1st Support Brigade.
(The remainder of the Annual History is missing.)

Annual History, 21st Support Command, 1977
(Source: Annual Supplement to the Unit History of the 1st Support Brigade, 1974)

Annual History, 21st Support Command, 1978
(Source: Annual Supplement to the Unit History of the 1st Support Brigade, 1974)

Command Briefing
(Source: 21st Support Command Briefing, prepared by HQ 21st SUPCOM, Kaiserslautern, probably in 1982 or 1983)
 
21ST SUPPORT COMMAND

This booklet is unclassified. It is designed to provide an overview of the missions, organization, operations, and the scope of the 21st Support Command.
COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT
   
  RECEPTION
  POMCUS MANAGEMENT
  AMMUNITION
  THEATER WAR RESERVES
  SUPPLY & MAINTENANCE
  FIELD SERVICE
 
NONCOMBATANT EVACUATION
COMMUNITY SUPPORT
  HOUSING & FACILITIES SUPPORT
  TROOP & FAMILY WELFARE, MORALE SUPPORT
 

Organizational Chart
  The 21st Support Command is the largest forward deployed logistics command in the United States Army. Its primary missions are to support units in and passing through our region and to provide backup support to the corps. Another vital mission is to provide community support to its military personnel, Department of the Army Civilian (DAC) personnel, and their familities.

It employs 7,000 military and 17,000 civilians. Approximately 90% of the civilians are local nationals. The majority of military personnel are involved throughout the command in management and command and control positions.

The command's annual budget approaches one billion dollars.
     
  The present geographical composition of 21st Support Command is better appreciated after examining a bit of history. Prior to March of 1967, the COMMZ Europe was USAREUR's logistical base. It was a proven logistical base born in an era of few fiscal restraints. At its zenith, its line of communication across France and West Germany was an impressive logistical network. After the decision was made that US Forces would leave France, all facilities with the exception of the pertoleum pipeline, which is in daily use, were closed out.

See the Logistical Commands List for pages dedicated to some of the Com Z units (Com Zone, 4th Log Comd, and others).
   
  The USAREUR logistical network changed dramatically from the 1967 COMMZ Europe to its current configuration, shown on the left. Its mission and workload have increased substantially, and its boundaries have been radically altered. With the elimination of a support base in France, all operations were moved into Germany, the Benelux countries, and Great Britain. In essence, 21st Support Command inherited a logistical battlefield lacking depth.
   
  Today, USAREUR has divided the Federal Republic of Germany into three regions: V and VII Corps support US elements in their geographical regions of responsibility. 21st Support Command supports US elements located throughout the remainder of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as Great Britain, Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
    THEATER COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT
   
  RECEPTION
Exercises/Training/Contingencies
  POMCUS MANAGEMENT
  STORAGE & MAINTENANCE OF AMMUNITION
  THEATER WAR RESERVE STORAGE
  SUPPLY & MAINTENANCE
  FIELD SERVICE
 
    The Combat Service Support missions of the 21st Support Command are primarily executed by organic units
   
  Combat Equipment Group, Europe

One major subordinate unit deeply involved in these functions is the Combat Equipment Group, Europe (CEGE). Headquartered at Mannheim, this unique organization has a mission of significant strategic importance.

CEGE receives, configures, stores, maintains and issues equipment required to put existing and developing division sets on the ground in Europe.
     
  Two CEGE battalions located in CENTAG are headquartered at Landstuhl and Karlsruhe. They store and maintain equipment for division sets 1 through 3.

In the NORTHAG area another CEGE battalion, headquartered at Moenchengladbach, stores equipment for division set 4, for the AFCENT Reserve Corps.

Storage sites for division set 5 equipment, also in NORTHAG, have been acquired at Grobbendonk and Zutendaal in Belgium and at Hendrik in The Netherlands, with constrcution already underway at the Belgian sites.

Negotiations are ongoing for storage sites for division set 6 equipment at Almelo, Coevorden and Ter Apel in The Netherlands.
     
  We use four types of storage for POMCUS equipment. Conventional warehouses are provided at all POMCUS sites primarily to store non-mechanized equipment. Open storage is used primarily for trailers and other equipment unable to be stored in currently available warehouse space. The best type of storage is controlled humidity. This is accomplished by warehouses and stress tension structures.

We have 117 of these (humidity controlled) warehouses in the Command: 113 in the Federal Republic of Germany and 4 in Belgium.

Inside this type of warehouse (humidity controlled), we store door-to-door, wall-to-wall, and bumber-to-bumper with only 18" access aisles between equipment.


See the CEGE Page for more details on the Combat Equipment Group Europe.
     
    POMCUS AUTHORIZATIONS
   
  Engineer Mechanical 18,000
  Wheeled Vehicles 16,000
  Trailers 11,000
  Tracked Vehicles 5,000
  COMMEL 16,000
  Crew Served Weapons 9,000
  Other 277,000
Total 352,000
   
    Our POMCUS authorizations had an initial acquisition cost in excess of one billion dollars. This equipment is currently valued at $3.5 billion. In the category classified as "Other" are such items as light sets, telephone sets, carpenter and mechanic tool kits, equipment accessory kits, and pioneer tool outfits.
   
  60th Ordnance Group



Another major subordinate unit playing a vital role in 21st SUPCOM's Combat Service Support mission is 60th Ordnance Group.

    THEATER AMMUNITION SUPPORT - MISSIONS
   
  STORE
  MAINTAIN / RENOVATE
  ISSUE
  EOD
 
The Group's major mission is Theater Ammunition Support.
  Approximately 75% of the Theater ammunition stockpile, valued at over $2 billion, is stored in diverse locations throughout the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium and Great Britain. These sites store War Reserve Stocks and the basic load of ammuntion for POMCUS units. The 84th Ordnance Battalion operates the majority of these sites. Construction planning is ongoing for additional storage sites to be located in Northern Germany, Belgium, and The Netherlands.

The key ammunition storage, maintenance, and distribution center in Germany is Miesau Army Depot, the most active ammunition depot in the free world, with an ammunition storage capacity of over 200,000 short tons.

Miesau has the only facility on the continent to maintain the ammunition stockpile in a serviceable condition.

At a cost of $4.5 million, approximately $60 million of ammunition was returned to a serviceable condition in FY 81. This resulted in a cost savings of $13 for each $1 spent.

With its two railheads, Miesau is the hub of the ammunition distribution system in Germany.

The 60th Ordnance Group also provides explosive ordnance disposal support in Germany as well as EOD support to the Secret Service and States Department missions in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. This expertise ranges from disarming improvised terrorist bombs to the rendering safe of both friendly and enemy chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons. The Group also provides the ammunition staff for the 21st Support Command.

See the 60th Ord Gp Page for more details on the 60th Ord Group and subordinate units.
   
  29th Area Support Group



Another major subordinate unit of 21st SUPCOM is the 29th Area Support Group.

    29th AREA SUPPORT GROUP - MISSIONS
   
  THEATER WAR RESERVE STOCKS
  THEATER ARMY REPAIR PROGRAM
  DS / GS MAINTENANCE
 
  The 29th Area Support Group has major storage and maintenance facilities in Kaiserslautern and Germersheim in Germany, and Bettembourg, Luxembourg.

Theater War Reserve Stocks consist of approximately 400,000 tons of all classes of supply except ammunition and medical. These stocks are valued at over $1.5 billion. 29th Area Support Group executes the major portion of 21st SUPCOM's Theater Army Repair Program.

The Kaiserslautern Reserve Storage Activity stores 172,000 tons of all classes of supply except bulk POL, ammunition and medical supplies in 35 acres of covered, and 68 acres of open storage.

Another assigned element of the 29th Area Support Group is the Germersheim Reserve Storage Activity which stores 175,000 tons of major end items, construction materials, packaged POL, and repair parts in 13.5 acres of covered and 163 acres of open storage.

The Reserve Storage Activity, Luxembourg, also subordinate to the 29th Area Support Group stores 30,000 tons of major end items and repair parts in 106 acres. Its 19 controlled humidity warehouses provide over one million square feet of covered storage space.


See the 29th ASG Page for more details on the 29th Area Support Gp and its subordinate units.
     
    Theater Army Repair Program
21st Support Command, through 29th Area Suppoprt Group, accomplishes over 90% of the total USAREUR Theater Army Repair Program in terms of both quantity and dollars. Currently, this involves in excess of $70 million.

This program supports automotive and construction equipment, combat items, general items and components, and the -ton rebuild program.

We operate the direct exchange point for several items including the 2-ton multi-fuel and diesel engines.
   
  47th Area Support Group



The 47th Area Support Group (Provisional), headquartered near Liverpool, England, is responsible for the execution of our mission in Great Britain.

    47th AREA SUPPORT GROUP - MISSIONS
   
  RECEIVE, STORE, MAINTAIN, AND ISSUE TR-1 AND POMCUS
  RECEIVE, STORE, RENOVATE, AND MAINTAIN AMMUNITION
  STORE AND MAINTAIN MARINE FLEET
 
  Reserve Storage Activity, Caerwent receives, stores, and maintains conventional ammunition at its two storage sites, Caerwent and Bramley, under the supervision of the 60th Ordnance Group.

The Cearwent Storage Site is an ammunition storage and maintenance activity with a storage capacity of 80,000 short tons of ammunition. The Bramely Storage Site is located about 50 miles west of London. It has a capacity of 64,000 short tons of ammunition and is serviced almost exclusively by rail.

USAREUR's Marine Fleet is stored and maintained at the Reserve Storage Activity, Hythe.

At the Reserve Storage Activity, Hythe, near Southampton, we store and maintain the Marine Fleet on 11 acres of land and 11 acres of water. The watercraft are stored in hangars and at mooring. We also store and maintain Delong piers and their associated components.

The Reserve Storage Activity, Burtonwood stores Theater War Reserve items, medical stocks, and some POMCUS stocks. In its one covered warehouse at Burtonwood are 47 acres, or over two million square feet of covered storage space.
   
  51st and 66th Maintenance Battalions


The 21st SUPCOM provides maintenance and supply support through two maintenance battalions: the 66th Maintenance Battalion, headquartered in Kaiserslautern, and assigned to the 29th Area Support Group, and the 51st Maintenance Battalion with headquarters in Mannheim. The personnel strength of each of these units approximates that of three armor battalions.

Their missions include repair, repair parts supply, maintenance of tactical vehicles to include turret and optical equipment repair; maintenance of the heavy equipment transporter fleet and commercial design vehicles, special purpose equipment, communications and electronics equipment, and small arms repair. These missions include direct and general support of all POMCUS equipment.

The maintenance battalions operate local national apprentice schools to support our work force in both Kaiserslautern and Mannheim. Additionally, the 66th Maintenance Battalion has an apprentice program for local nationals which helps us to overcome mechanic shortfalls.

Each battalion has a supply and services company providing mobile laundry, shower and bath, canvas repair and supply support.

See the 51st Maint Bn Page and 66th Maint Bn Page for more details on these two organizations and their subordinate units.
   
  70th Transportation Battalion


The 70th Transportation Battalion, headquartered in Mannheim, is our aviation intermediate maintenance activity. They provide the highest level of aviation maintenance and supply for the Army in Europe.

Although each corps has an aviation intermediate maintenance battalion, the 70th is the only one with the capability to perform maintenance on both fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft.

It also operates the Army Aircraft Retrograde Facility at Ramstein Air Base.

Additionally, they operate Coleman Army Airfield in Mannheim, the busiest army airfield in Europe. The 56th Theater Army Aviation Company, located in Mannheim, provides air transportation within the command area.

The 207th Aviation Company, another of the Battalion's units, is located at the Heidelberg Army Airfield. They have the mission of providing aerial movement support to the Commander, US Army, Europe and his staff.

These companies account for approximately 16,500 hours of flight time per year, throughout USAREUR.

See the 70th Trans Bn Page for more details on the 70th Trans Bn (AVIM) and its subordinate units.
   
  95th Military Police Battalion


Another subordinate unit of 21st Support Command, the 95th MP Battalion, provides such functions as law enforcement, crime prevention, traffic control, and traffic accident investigation, as well as tactical exercise support, physical security, discipline, law and order, and other related military police missions.




See the 95th MP Bn Page (not available yet) for more details on the 95th MP Bn and its subordinate units.
   
  US Army Area Confinement Facility Mannheim


Also subordinate to 21st SUPCOM is the only stockade in Germany: the US Army Area Confinement Facility located at Coleman Barracks, Mannheim.

This facility, operated by the 77th MP Detachment, supports USAREUR commanders in pre- and post-trial confinement. Approximately 2,400 prisoners are processed annually while the average daily population is approximately 190 prisoners. With few exceptions, post-trial prisoners are transferred to the United States. The only long-term prisoners are those held pending trial in foreign courts.
     
  Under the area jurisdiction concept, the Commanding General, 21st Support Command, is the general courts-martial convening authority for over 32,000 soldiers in our area of responsibility, shown on the left. We provide total legal support in military justice, administrative law, international law, legal assistance, and claims.
   
  90th Personnel and Administration Battalion


The 90th Personnel and Administration Battalion has its headquarters in Kaiserslautern.

They provide personnel service support through four personnel service companies to over 70,000 soldiers, civilians, and family members from 11 separate commands located in 21st SUPCOM's area of responsibility.

   
 


US Army Memorial Affairs Activity, Europe


The United States Army Memorial Affairs Activity, Europe, is headquartered in Frankfurt and provides authorized mortuary services. Its three mortuaries are located in Frankfurt and Kaiserslautern, Germany and Vicenza, Italy.
   
   
    COMMUNITY SUPPORT
   
  The other major mission of 21st Support Command is the support of people, or community support. This includes such vital areas as noncombatant evacuation, housing, troops and family welfare, and morale support.
   
  Through our various community activities, 21st Support Command provides support to over 105,000 personnel including military, DAC's and family members. Our noncombatant evacuation responsibility includes approximately 62,500 identified 21st SUPCOM personnel in the Federal Republic of Germany. However, the total number of evacuees we expect to handle would be significantly increased by noncombatants serving in other governmental agencies, students, tourists, businessmen, and retirees.
   
  Each of our communities provide a wide variety of morale support activities (community & skill development activities, library activities and physical activities), educational services and other Army Community Services.

Chaplain programs are provided throughout the command.

Community support operations provide the 21st Support Command with significant challenges.
 
  These challenges are especially significant in our most wide-spread community, Norddeutschland Support Group. Some units supported are nearly 300 km from the headquarters in Bremerhaven, which is about 600 km from our headquarters here in Kaiserslautern. The Group is responsible for providing both combat service support and community support in its region.
   
  Our NATO SHAPE Support Group is also wide-spread. This command provides support to the three major NATO headquarters and all US Forces personnel in Belgium and Luzembourg. Full civilian personnel services are provided for NATO personnel in all countries of the NATO alliance outside of the Federal Republic of Germany.
   
  Future plans for expansion involves a number of organizations. For example, the 7th SUPCOM, presently colocated with the 21st SUPCOM, will be relocated to the NORTHAG area. The newly activated 54th Area Support Group will eventually assume responsibility for the AFCENT Support Activity (US) and plan and provide for logistical and community support of US Forces, affiliated agencies and families members within their area.

The geographical focal point for the establishment and development of this planned course of action is located at the Rheinberg facility.

Newspaper articles
 
(Source: Support Sentinel, August 28, 1986)
21st SUPCOM traces its roots to World War II support units

If you wear the "First in Support" patch, you ought to know a bit of 21st Support Command history.

The 21st SUPCOM stems from several organizations that supported the U.S. Army in Europe during World War II.

It traces its history to May 24, 1942, when the Services of Supply, European Theater of Operations (ETO) was established in England with Lt. Gen. John C.H. Lee as its first commanding general. Two years of buildup and stockpiling of supplies and equipment culminated in May 1944 when the command was redesignated the Communications Zone, ETO.

Lee moved his headquarters to France soon after D-day, June 6, 1944, and, during ensuing months, logistical miracles were performed. The World War II soldier was supplied and resupplied at a rate and with efficiency never before attained.

By the time V-E Day, May 8, 1945, rolled around the command had furnished more than 21 million tons of vital supplies to 61 combat divisions of the Allied Expeditionary Force, commanded by General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower.

When the colors were furled in January 1946, the World War II command's logistical feats had attained the status of legend. Allied battle commanders were unanimous in praising the efficiency and ingenuity of the American logistical system.

In less than five years, the need for a larger combat support operation arose with the communist blockade of Berlin in 1948-49. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed, and Allied Command, Europe, was established. However, the line of communications had to be expanded to supply the U.S. Forces committed to the alliance and to maintain them in a state of combat readiness in Europe.

On April 6, 1950, Brig. Gen. Mason J. Young assumed the task of shaping a peacetime U.S. Army Communications Zone, Europe (COMZ). By Nov. 6 of that year, an agreement had been reached between the U.S. and French governments under the terms of which the U.S. was to organize, staff and maintain a line of communication across France from its Atlantic ports in the southwest to the German border in the northeast.

COMZ became a vast network of ports, depots, maintenance plants and administrative and communications facilities. In spite of crises and potential crises, COMZ never broke its stride. It continued to provide the supplies necessary to support U.S. Forces during the Lebanon crisis in 1958 and the buildup of U.S. Forces in Europe following construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961.

Then, in the spring of 1966, came the decision by French President Charles de Gaulle that all Allied forces must move out of France by April 1, 1967. For COMZ this meant moving about 70,000 people and 700.000 tons of supplies in slightly more than 11 months. On Feb. 27, 1967, COMZ (Forward) was established at Worms. Germany, and the mammoth task was done.

Ninety days later the mission and responsibilities of COMZ (Forward) doubled when it absorbed the U.S. Army Area Command. In 1968, Operation CORD (COMZ Realignment of Districts) merged the former Area Command's 10 districts into five U.S. Forces Support Districts (SUPDISTs), streamlining area support functions.

On April 25, 1969, the command was redesignated the U.S. Theater Army Support Command, Europe (TASCOM).

The TASCOM was merged with USAREUR headquarters in 1974 and its former logistical functions were divided among V Corps, VII Corps and the 1st Support Bde. The brigade was activated in 1965 as a maintenance support headquarters under the 7th Army Support Command and, in 1970, was made a major subordinate headquarters under the TASCOM.

Also in 1974, the brigade headquarters moved from Taukkunen Barracks, Worms, to a temporary location in Mannheim and later to Panzer Kaserne, Kaiserslautern. Brig. Gen. James M. Templeman, former TASCOM deputy commanding general for area support, assumed command of the brigade from Col. Story C. Stevens.

Upgrading of the brigade command position to a general officer was a result of the command's greatly expanded mission under USAREUR.

On Aug. 19, 1976, after a continuous growth in assignment of missions, geographical areas and organizations, the 1st Support Bile was redesignated the 21st Support Command, and the graded of its commander was raised to major general. In 1982 the grade of its commander was raised to lieutenant general.

Still more missions and activities continued to be added, until today, the 21st SUPCOM consists of some 32,500 military and civilian personnel assigned to more than 100 units and activities in Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and much of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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