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3rd Infantry Division (Mech)
Rock of the Marne

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


Division History (Occupation Period)

Division History (Cold War Period)


Division Organization

Page 2
Brigades
Div Arty


Page 3
Div Trains
Support Comd


4th Brigade (Avn)
 

3rd Aviation Co/Bn

"Armored Command" movie

Newspaper articles


Related Links

Division History - Cold War and Beyond (April 1958 - April 1996)

The Big Picture: 3rd Mechanized Infantry Division in Germany (YouTube)
1962
(Source: History of the 3rd Infantry Division, printed by STARS & STRIPES, Darmstadt, Germany, probably 1962)

3rd ID Unit History, 1962


Unit crests, 3rd ID
  .
(Source: A History of the 3rd Infantry Division, 1917-1963)

Unit History, 1963
  (More to follow).

1974
(Source: Walter Elkins)

Location of 3rd Mechanized Infantry Division units, July 1974
The list was created by Walter Elkins and is based on units and locations listed in the July 1974 STATION LIST. For corrections, please contact the webmaster.
ADDITIONS/CORRECTONS

(Source: Email from Michael Roberts)
Mike came up with some different locations for several of the 3rd Inf Div units during the June 1974 time frame --
River Building (Würzburg)
3rd MI Company

Larson Barracks (Kitzingen)
Hq & A Co, 703rd Maint Bn

Harvey Barracks (Kitzingen)
Co C (Avn Spt), 3rd S&T Bn (*)
3rd Avn Company

Ledward Barracks (Schweinfurt)
HHC, 1st Brigade
C Co, 703rd Maint Bn

Conn Barracks (Schweinfurt)
D Co, 703rd Maint Bn
Trp D, 3rd Sq, 7th Cav

(*) Webmaster Note: 3rd Avn Co was originally Det C, 3rd S&T Bn; is Co C (Avn Spt), 3rd S&T Bn not replaced by 3rd Avn Co?

1978
(Source: Michael T. d'Oliveira)

FRONTLINE, 1978
  Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8

 
Division Organization
1958 (PENTOMIC)
(Source: 3d Infantry Division, 1917 - Forty Year Odyssey - 1958, Information Office, HQ Third Infantry Division, APO 36, Wuerzburg 1958)
3rd Infantry Division - ORGANIZATION 1958:

(Webmaster Note: Station location is based on information obtained from the US Army Station List for June 1959. If a unit was originally located at a different post upon arrival in Germany in 1958, I will note it separately.)
UNIT STATION
  Headquarters Company Leighton Barracks, Würzburg
  2nd BG, 4th Infantry Warner Barracks, Bamberg
  1st BG, 7th Infantry Aschaffenburg
  1st BG, 15th Infantry Bamberg
  1st BG, 30th Infantry Schweinfurt
  2nd BG, 38th Infantry Schweinfurt
  HHB, 3rd Infantry Artillery Kitzingen
  1st FA Bn (RKT/HOW), 9th Arty Kitzingen
  1st How Bn, 10th Arty Schweinfurt
  10th Engineer Battalion Kitzingen
  123rd Signal Bn Würzburg
  2nd Rcn Sq, 7th Cavalry Bamberg
  1st Med Tk Bn, 68th Armor Kitzingen
  Hqs, 3rd Inf Div Trains and Band Würzburg organized on 1 July 1957
  3rd Medical Battalion Aschaffenburg
  35th Transportation Battalion Würzburg organized on 1 July 1957
  7th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Aschaffenburg
  15th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Bamberg
  100th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Bamberg
  584th Trans Co (Lt Trk) Schweinfurt
  3rd Administration Company Würzburg
  3rd Aviation Company Kitzingen organized on 3 Dec 1954
  703rd Ordnance Battalion Kitzingen
  3rd QM Company Würzburg

1963 (ROAD)
3rd Infantry Division - ORGANIZATION 1963

(Webmaster Note: Station location is based on information obtained from the US Army Station List for December 1963.)
UNIT STATION
  Hq/Hqs Company Leighton Barracks, Würzburg
  10th Engineer Battalion Larson Bks, Kitzingen HHC, C, D & E Cos
  A Company Conn Bks, Schweinfurt  
  B Company Daley Bks, Bad Kissingen  
  3rd MP Company Hindenburg Ksn, Würzburg
  3rd MI Det (Div) (attached) Leighton Bks, Würzburg 7th Army asset
  123rd Signal Bn Hindenburg Ksn, Würzburg HHC, A & B Co
  3rd Aviation Battalion Harvey Bks, Kitzingen HHC and A Co
  B Company Peden Bks, Wertheim  
       
  1st Bde, 3rd Inf Div Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
  2nd Bde, 3rd Inf Div Harvey Bks, Kitzingen
  3rd Bde, 3rd Inf Div Fiori Bks, Aschaffenburg
  1st Mech Bn, 4th Infantry Wharton Bks, Heilbronn
  1st Mech Bn, 7th Infantry Firori Bks, Aschaffenburg
  2nd Mech Bn, 7th Infantry Firori Bks, Aschaffenburg
  1st Mech Bn, 15th Infantry Harvey Bks, Kitzingen
  2nd Mech Bn, 15th Infantry Camp Wildflecken
  1st Mech Bn, 30th Infantry Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
  2nd Mech Bn, 30th Infantry Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
  1st Bn, 64th Armor Larson Bks, Kitzingen
  2nd Bn, 64th Armor Conn Bks, Schweinfurt
  3rd Bn, 64th Armor Conn Bks, Schweinfurt
  3rd Sq, 7th Cavalry Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
       
  HHB, 3rd Inf Div Artillery Larson Bks, Kitzingen
  1st Bn, 9th FA Larson Bks, Kitzingen
  1st Bn, 10th FA Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
  2nd Bn, 39th FA Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
  2nd Bn, 41st FA Fiori Bks, Aschaffenburg
  3rd Bn, 76th FA Larson Bks, Kitzingen
       
  Hqs, 3rd Inf Div Spt Comd & Band Emery Bks, Würzburg
  3rd Medical Battalion Graves Bks, Aschaffenburg HHC, A, B and C Cos
  D Company Daley Bks, Bad Kissingen  
  3rd Sup & Trans Battalion Emery Bks, Würzburg HHC, A and B Cos
  100th Trans Co (Lt Trk) ConnBks, Schweinfurt
  703rd Maint Battalion Larson Bks, Kitzingen HHC, A & D Cos
  B Company Peden Bks, Wertheim  
  C Company Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt  
  E Company Fiori Bks, Aschaffenburg  
  3rd AG Admin Company Leighton Bks, Würzburg
  75th AG Unit (Postal) (TY H) Leighton Bks, Würzburg

1964 (ROAD)
3rd Infantry Division - ORGANIZATION 1964

(Webmaster Note: shows only battalion-size units and larger; Source: 7th Army Annual Historical Report for 1964)
Click here to see 3rd Infantry Division organization for 1 August 1964.

1966 (ROAD)
3rd Infantry Division - ORGANIZATION 1966

(Webmaster Note: shows only battalion-size units and larger; Source: 7th Army Annual Historical Report for 1966)
Click here to see 3rd Infantry Division organization for 1 July 1966.

1984 - 1987

FRONTLINE, 1984
  Special Issue.
(Source: FRONTLINE, Special Issue, February 7, 1984)
3rd Infantry Division - ORGANIZATION 1984

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
DIVISION TROOPS
HHC, 3rd Infantry Div (Mech) Leighton Bks, Würzburg
3rd Aviation Bn Giebelstadt AAF, Giebelstadt moved from Kitzingen April 1981; prov. reorg. as 4th Bde (Avn) in late 1984
3rd Sq, 7th Cavalry
10th Engineer Bn (Cbt) Conn Bks, Schweinfurt
3rd Bn, 67th Air Defense Artillery Larson Bks, Kitzingen moved from Giebelstadt in May 1982
103rd Military Intelligence Bn (CEWI) Leighton Bks, Würzburg
123rd Signal Bn Hindenburg Ksn, Würzburg
DIVISION SUPPORT COMMAND  
3rd Medical Bn Giebelstadt AAF, Giebelstadt
3rd Supply & Transportation Bn Emery Bks, Würzburg
703rd Maintenance Bn Larson Bks, Kitzingen
1st Forward Support Bn Schweinfurt
2nd Forward Support Bn Harvey Bks, Kitzingen
3rd Forward Support Bn Graves Ksn, Aschaffenburg
3rd Finance Co Leighton Bks, Würzburg
3rd Military Police Co Leighton Bks, Würzburg
3rd Material Management Cen Kitzingen
3rd Adjutant General Co Leighton Bks, Würzburg
3rd Inf Div Band Leighton Bks, Würzburg
DIVISION ARTILLERY Larson Bks, Kitzingen
1st Bn, 10th Field Artillery Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
2nd Bn, 39th Field Artillery Larson Bks, Kitzingen
2nd Bn, 41st Field Artillery Daley Bks, Bad Kissingen
1st Bn, 76th Field Artillery Warner Bks, Bamberg inact Feb 15 1987; "C" Btry react. as "A" Btry (MLRS), 76th
Target Acquisition Btry, 29th FA Peden Bks, Wertheim redes as Btry "A", 25th FA in April 1984
1ST BRIGADE Conn Bks, Schweinfurt
1st Bn, 30th Infantry Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
2nd Bn, 30th Infantry Ledward Bks, Schweinfurt
2nd Bn, 64th Armor Conn Bks, Schweinfurt
3rd Bn, 64th Armor Conn Bks, Schweinfurt
2ND BRIGADE Harvey Bks, Kitzingen
1st Bn, 15th Infantry Harvey Bks, Kitzingen
3rd Bn, 63rd Armor Harvey Bks, Kitzingen
1st Bn, 64th Armor Harvey Bks, Kitzingen
3RD BRIGADE Ready Ksn, Aschaffenburg
1st Bn, 4th Infantry Fiori Bks, Aschaffenburg
1st Bn, 7th Infantry Graves Bks, Aschaffenburg
3rd Bn, 69th Armor Ready Bks, Aschaffenburg

 
(Source: FRONTLINE, Special Issue, Sept 30, 1987)
DIVISION TROOPS
 

FRONTLINE, 1987
  HHC, 3rd Infantry Division
Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Infantry Division is located on Leighton Barracks, Würzburg. The company has the distinction of being the largest company in the division, with more than 300 soldiers assigned. The mission of the unit is to provide command and control to the division through the division commander, assistant division commanders and the general staff all of whom are part of the company.

In the tactical environment, this mission is accomplished by the operation of the Division Tactical Operations Center (DTOC), the Division Tactical Command Post (DTAC), and the Rear Tactical Operations Center (RTOC). Besides the command group section, which includes the Chief of Staff, the Command Sergeant Major, and the General Staff comprised of the G1, G2, G3, G4, and G5, the company also has the following sections: Headquarters Commandant, Force Modernization, Automation Management, Division Chemical, Division Surgeon, Staff Judge Advocate, Comptroller, Public Affairs, Division Chaplain, Inspector General, Assistant Division Air Defense and Engineer, Air Force Liaison, Staff Weather Office and the company Headquarters Section.

The Headquarters Section provides unit administrative support through the Company Commander, the First Sergeant, and the unit PAC and.Training Office. Logistical support is provided through a supply section, maintenance section, medical section, mess section, as well as NBC and arms rooms.
 
3rd Inf Div Band
After a short time at Fort Benning, Ga., the 3rd Inf Div Band moved with the division to Germany in 1958 and is now located on Leighton Barracks in Würzburg. The present day mission of the band is to provide musical support for local, regional, national and international events for both the military and civilian communities. There are various smaller musical groups within the band which include: the concert band, marching band, stage band, test band, show band, jazz combo, Dixieland combo, brass quintet, recorder ensemble, rock combo, and a bluegrass duo.

123rd Signal Bn
The 123rd Signal Battalion has provided command and control communications for the 3rd Infantry Division throughout its 70 year history. On July 1, 1957, the 3rd Sig. Co. was reorganized and redesignated as the 123rd Sig. Bn. The 123d Sig. Bn. relocated with than 3rd Inf. Div. in May 1958 from Fort Benning to Germany. At present, the 123rd Sig. Bn. is located on Hindenburg Kaseme in Würzburg.

103rd MI Bn
Nestled on a hilltop above the medieval city of Würzburg, in Leighton Kaseme, the 103rd Military Intelligence Battalion stands ready to deploy on the battlefield at a moment's notice. The "Top of the Rock" Battalion's mission is to provide strategic and tactical intelligence before, during and after the battle. The intelligence gathering mission never ends. Since collection and analysis of tactical intelligence about the threat is a continuous process, the 103rd MI Bn. is constantly performing most of its wartime missions, from maintaining ground surveillance radar teams on the IGB, to signals monitoring, to intelligence monitoring and preparation of the battlefield.

10th Engr Bn
The mission of the 10th Engineer Battalion (Combat) is to provide combat engineer support to the 3rd Infantry Division, primarily in mobility, countermobility, and survivability. It also has a secondary mission of general engineering support to the military community and surrounding host nation communities. The 10th Eng. Bn. is a mechanized combat engineer battalion and is composed of a headquarters company, four combat engineer line companies, and one ribbon bridge company equipped with amphibious river crossing equipment. The 10th Eng. Bn. is unique in that it has units in three locations. The headquarters, bridge company, and two line companies (C and D) are at Larson Kaserne, Kitzingen. Company A is located 30 miles north of the battalion headquarters on Conn Barracks, Schweinfurt. Company B is located 45 miles north of the battalion headquarters at Daley Barracks in Bad Kissingen.

3rd Bn, 67th ADA
The 3rd Battalion, 67th Air Defense Artillery is the "Pride of the Marne" -- trained and ready to provide the 3rd Infantry Division sufficient freedom from enemy air attack so that it can maneuver against, fight and defeat attacking forces. The battalion, one of the largest in the division, employs a formidable array of Chaparral, Vulcan and Stinger weapon systems. The 7th Battalion, 67th Air Defense Artillery departed Fort Bliss, Texas to arrive in Germany on Mar. 5, 1970 as an organized battalion of the 3rd Inf. Div. In September 1972, the battalion was redesignated as the 3-67 ADA and in the fall of 1984 it was expanded to include all of the Stinger teams in the division. With the new regimental system, the unit will be redesignated as the 4th Battalion, 3rd Air Defense Artillery during the 4th Quarter of Fiscal Year 1989. In May 1982, the battalion completed a move from Giebelstadt to Larson Barracks in Kitzingen.

3rd MP Co
The 3rd Military Police Company is headquartered in the northern Bavarian city of Würzburg, with three of its platoons assigned to outlying communities. The three outlying platoons are in the Aschaffenburg, Kitzingen and Schweinfurt communities. The 3rd MP Co. has two primary combat missions; battlefield circulation control and enemy prisoner of war operations. Unlike many military posts in the continental United States, military installations in Europe still require the services of American military police. While retaining its critical combat support mission, the 3rd MP Co. also provides law enforcement support to Marneland communities for two weeks each month. This obligation challenges the company to be resourceful and imaginative in maximizing training opportunities whenever and wherever they are found. During the other two weeks of each month the soldiers lay aside the military police reports and train for war.

92nd Chem Co
The 92nd Chemical Company is stationed at Giebelstadt Army Airfield, and provides the 3rd Infantry Division with its Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) defense capabilities. The company's missions include decontamination, battlefield smoke, NBC reconnaissance, and division-level chemical staff operations. The company's decontamination mission is performed by four decon platoons. Utilizing the M12A1 Power-Driven Decontamination Apparatus and standard decontaminants, the platoons are capable of providing both hasty and deliberate decontamination support to units throughout the division. Battlefield smoke is the mission of the company's smoke generator platoon. The platoon uses mechanical pulse-jet generators to create an artificial fog ("smoke") of various sizes and densities. The smoke may be used for screening, for deception, or to provide a protective haze to maneuver within. The NBC reconnaissance platoon scouts the battlefield for presence of NBC contamination. Its mission is to detect areas of NBC contamination, determine the extent of contamination and to find a clear path around it. The company also contains the division's chemical staff and NBC element (NBCE). The staff works directly with the division's command group, providing analysis of the NBC threat to the division, recommending protective measures to betaken and providing a liaison with the line platoons within the company.

Schweinfurt RPC
Schweinfurt Regional Personnel Center (RPC) is under the stewardship of the ACofS (G1/AG). The unit is scheduled to convert from a TDA to an "L" Series TO&E configuration in August 1988.

178th Pers Svc Co
The 178th Personnel Service Company, located in Aschaffenburg, on Jaeger Kaseroe, provides administrative support to all assigned soldiers, their family members and civilians in the community. The services provided to personnel throughout their tour include in and out processing, evaluations, promotions, records maintenance, identification cards and passports, personnel actions and reassignments. The company commander is Capt. Lila Gilbert.
 
DIVISION SUPPORT COMMAND
 
HHC, 3rd DISCOM
DISCOM is the largest subordinate element of the division, consisting of four battalions and three separate companies with almost 3,000 soldiers assigned. The DISCOM Headquarters and Headquarters Company, consists of many functional sections including Administration; Security Plans and Operations; Communications and Electronics; Intelligence; Movement Control; Training; Nuclear Biological and Chemical (NBC); Medical Operations; and Logistics. The Division Material Management Office (DMMO) is responsible for all supplies, except Class VI, Class VIII and Class X.

3rd Spt Bn
The 3rd Support Battalion ("Raider Support") provides medical, maintenance and logistical support to the 3rd Infantry Division's 1st "Raider" Brigade and other units stationed in Schweinfurt. 3rd Spt. Bn. traces its roots back to 1981.

In April 1981, planning was begun to develop a prototype foward support battalion from division assets to support the first M1 Abrams equipped brigade in Europe. In November 1981, Division Commander, Maj. Gen. Fred K. Mahaffey authorized preliminary planning for realignment of assets to support the transition. In February 1982, the Forward Support Maintenance Companies (C, D, E) of 703rd Maintenance Battalion were aligned to support the same units in garrison that they supported in the field. Company D, 703rd Maintenance Battalion became dedicated to the 1st Brigade at this time. In April 1982, the decision was made to create the 1st Forward Support Battalion (TEST) from the Forward Area Support Team (FAST) Alpha organization, along with divisional assets. Parts of Headquarters and Headquarters Company and Companies A and B, 3rd Supply and Transport Battalion, representing the command element, supply support element and motor transport element for FAST Alpha, were transfered to Schweinfurt to cadre Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment and Company A (supply), 1st Forward Support Battalion (TEST) in May 1982. At this time, other elements of FAST Companies A and D, 703rd Maintenance Ballalion, and Company B, 3rd Medical Battalion were left under their parent organizations in garrison and attached to 1st Forward Support Battalion (TEST) during field support periods.

On Oct. 16, 1982, following the successful REFORGER 1982 field exercises, the battalion was officially activated as the 1st Forward Support Battalion (Provisional). After six months of training and supporting the "Raider" Brigade, the 1st Forward Support Battalion received its colors and official standing as a proud new member of the Marne team.

On May 1 1987, the 1st Spt. Bn. was redesignated under the Army Regimental System as the 3rd Spt. Bn. with the honors and lineage of the 3rd Supply and Transport Battalion.

26th Spt Bn
The mission of the 26th Support Battalion is to provide responsive combat service support including all classes of supply, medical ground evacuation and treatment, and direct support maintenance on an area basis, to units of the 3rd Brigade and other 3rd Infantry Division units. The battalion is organized into a Headquarter Detachment and three companies. Company A supplies subsistence (Class I), office furniture and supplies (Class II and IV), a forward stockage of CIF (CTA 50-900) items, petroleum products, and an ammunition transfer point. Company B supplies direct support maintenance and Class IX repair parts to the 3rd Brigade. Support is provided by system support teams which are assigned to each maneuver battalion, including the 2nd Battalion, 41st Field Artillery located in Bad Kissingen. Company C provides medical and dental treatment and evacuation services. The battalion is authorized more than 400 soldiers with more than 55 different military specialities (MOS's).

203rd Spt Bn
The 203rd Support Battalion is a divisional support battalion consisting of a headquarters, supply company, direct support maintenance company and a medical company. The battalion provides support to the wnd "Send Me" Brigade and also supports one self-propelled field artillery battalion. The 203rd Spt.Bn. provides every commodity and service required by the soldier on the battlefield. The battalion is located on Harvey Barracks in Kitzingen.

703rd Spt Bn
"MAINTAIN" is the motto and the mission of the 703rd Suppon Battalion (Main). The 703rd Spt. Bn . supports the Marne Division with all classes of supply, transportation, direct support light, heavy, and missile maintenance, and medical services. Having grown to battalion-size, the 703rd was redesignated as the 703rd Ordnance Battalion and was assigned to Fort Benning, Ga. following the Korean Conflict. The 703rd followed the division to Europe in 1958. On Mar. 29, 1963, the battalion was reorganized and redesignated as the 703rd Maintenance Battalion. On May 16, 1985, the battalion was again reorganized and redesignated as the 4th Support Battalion (Main). At this time, the battalion gained the assets to provide not only maintenance support, but supply and service, transportation and medical support. On May 1 1987 the 4th Spt Bn. was redesignated as the 703rd Spt. Bn. Today, the unit is the largest, most diversified battalion in the 3rd Inf Div. With six companies and one detachment, the battalion is located on two kasernes. The battalion headquarters, light, heavy and missile maintenance companies are located on Larson Barracks in Kitzingen. The supply and service, transportation and medical service companies are located on Emery Barracks in Würzburg.

Co "I", 3rd Avn
The mission of Company I, 3rd Aviation, is to provide Aviation Intermediate Maintenance (AVIM) and back-up Aviation Unit Maintenance (AVUM) support to all aircraft assigned to the 4th Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division. On March 19, 1985, the unit was activated as the 63rd Transportation Aircraft Maintenance Company, formerly Company D, 3rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) and assigned to the 3rd Inf Div. Support Command in Giebelstadt, Germany. On Aug. 21, 1987, the unit was deactivated and redesignated as Co I, 3rd AV.

258th Pers Svc Co
The 258th Personnel Service Company, a separate company, can trace its 3rd Infantry Division roots to the activation of the Würzburg Personnel and Administraion Center in October 1972. Two years later, the unit was redesignated as the Würzburg Regional Personnel Center with the mission of providing personnel and administration support to commanders, their soldiers and family members in the Würzburg Community. On Oct. 1 1985 the unit was redesignated as the direct support PSC for the 3rd Inf Div, a TDA to TOE transition. The unit, as currently organized, operates out of more than ten buildings and provides such diverse services as mail delivery, SIDPERS support, records maintenance, ID card and passport processing, promotions, evaluations, reassignments, personnel actions processing, congressionals, and strength management for both divisional and non-divisional units in the Würzburg, Kilzingen, Wertheim and Giebelstadt areas. For command and control during peacetime, the 258th PSC has been attachedt to the Division Support Command, but it obtains it operational guidance from the Assistant Chief of Staff, G1/AG. In June 1987 the unit was integrated into the Army's Regimental System, with the activation of the Adjutant Generals Corps Regiment. The more than 250 soldiers assigned and attached to the company strive to live up the unit motto "Best of the Marne" by providing the best possible personnel service to commanders, soldiers and their families.
 
DIVISION ARTILLERY
 
HHB, 3rd DIVARTY
HHB, 3rd Infantry Division Artillery is located on Leighton Barracks, Würzburg. The organization of DIVARTY is comprised of the headquarters and headquarters battery, three self-propelled 155mm field artillery battalions, one MLRS battery and a target acqusition battery.

1st Bn, 10th FA
The "Rock's Support" Battalion, located on Ledward Barracks, Schweinfurt, is a direct support, M109A2 howitzer battalion that supports the 1st Brigade. The battalion's mission is unique in that it provides fire support to four maneuver battalions and a cavalry squadron. During April 1958, 1st How Bn, 10th FA completed the move from Fort Benning, GA to Schweinfurt. When the 3rd Inf Div was reorganized under the ROAD concept in the spring and summer of 1963, the battalion was reorganized and redesignated as the 1st Bn, 10th FA.

2nd Bn, 39th FA
The 2nd Bn, 39th FA is stationed at Larson Barracks, Kitzingen. 2-39th FA moved to its present location at Larson Bks in December 1980, in order to be closer to the 2nd Brigade that it supports. The battalion is equipped with the 155mm M109A2 howitzer and is organized into three batteries of eight guns each. The battalion is also equipped with TACFIRE, the M992 Field Artillery Ammunition Support vehicle and the Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck.

2nd Bn, 41st FA
The "Mission Accomplished" Battalion is located on Daley Barracks in Bad Kissingen and provides direct support to the 3rd Brigade in Aschaffenburg. The 2-41st FA arrived in Germany in 1963 and was initially stationed in Aschaffenburg. In 1968, the battalion moved to Bad Kissingen.

Btry "A", 25th FA
Battery "A" serves as the "eyes and ears" of DIVARTY, and of the 72nd and 210th FA Brigades. The TAB Battery consists of one moving target radar and five FIREFINDER radars with the primary mission of locating hostile indirect fire. The Target Processing Section works directly with the DIVARTY Tactical Operations Center developing the counterfire plans, while the Survey Platoon provides the radars with the important information required to accurately locate the enemy's artillery and mortars. Since 1953, Btry "A", 25th FA has been located at Peden Barracks, Wertheim. Prior to its redesignation in April 1984, the unit was known as Btry "B", 29th FA.

Btry "A", 76th FA
Battery "A" was originally activated as Battery "C", 1st Bn, 76th FA on June 1 1984 at Fort Sill, OK. The unit was equipped with the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) and provides general rocket support to the 3rd Inf Div. Upon completion of training, the unit was deployed in the fall of 1984 to Bamberg, Germany, where it was assigned to 1st Bn, 76th FA, a composite 8in/MLRS battalion. Btry "C" was the eighth MLRS battery fielded in the Army and the fourth in USAREUR. The 1st Bn, 76th FA was inactivated on Feb 15 1987, with Btry "C" becoming Battery "A", 76th FA, a separate battery under 3rd DIVARTY.
 
1ST BRIGADE
 
HHC, 1st Brigade, 3rd Inf Div (M)
The "Raider" Brigade was activated on June 3, 1963 at its current location - Conn Barracks, Schweinfurt. It currently consists of two mechanized infantry battalions, equipped with the M2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), and two armor battalions, equipped with the new M1A1 Abrams Main Battle Tank (MTB).

1st Bn, 30th Infantry
In March 1958, the 1st Battle Group, 30th Infantry sailed (GYROSCOPE) from Savannah, GA to Schweinfurt, Germany for duty with the 3rd Inf Div. On July 10, 1963, the BG was redesignated as 1st Battalion, 30th Infantry. The unit, located on Ledward Barracks in Schweinfurt, is scheduled to be redesignated in the near future as the 2nd Bn of the 15th under the Army Regimental System.

2nd Bn, 30th Infantry
The "Wild Boar" Battalion is equipped with the modern M2 Bradley IFV and the M901 Improved TOW Vehicle. In 1958, the 2-30 INF (designated as 2nd Battle Group, 30th Inf at the time) settled in Schweinfurt where it has remained through the years.

2nd Bn, 64th Armor
The 2-64th Armor was activated on June 17, 1963 at Conn Barracks, Schweinfurt as part of the 3rd Inf Div. In March 1982, the battalion had the distinction of being one of the first three combat equipped M1 battalions in the world. On Sept 1, 1987, 2-64 AR began fielding the 120mm M1A1 at Vilseck, Germany.

3rd Bn, 64th Armor
The "Rampage" Battalion was activated in 1963 and assigned to the 3rd Inf Div. The 3-64 AR is currently located at Conn Barracks in Schweinfurt and was the first armor battalion in USAREUR to receive the M1 Abrams. It has recently transitioned to the newer M1A1.
 
2ND BRIGADE
 
HHC, 2nd Brigade, 3rd Inf Div (M)
The "Send Me" Brigade was activated on June 17, 1963 at its current location - Harvey Barracks, Kitzingen. It currently consists of one mechanized infantry battalion, equipped with the M2 Bradley IFV, and two armor battalions, equipped with the new M1A1 Abrams MTB.


1st Bn, 15th Infantry
The "Can Do" Battalion deployed to Germany in 1958 (as the 1st BG, 15th Inf). On May 10, 1983, the 1-15 INF was the first battalion in USAREUR to field the new Bradley IFV.

3rd Bn, 63rd Armor
The "Strike" Battalion was assigned to the 3rd Inf Div in 1977, with station in Augsburg. In 1983, the battalion moved to Harvey Barracks, Kitzingen. The battalion is equipped with the M1A1 MTB. The unit is scheduled to join the Army Regimental System in 1989 and will be redesignated as 4th Bn, 69th Armor.

1st Bn, 64th Armor
The 1st Bn, 64th Arm is stationed on Harvey Barracks, Kitzingen. The battalion has the distinction of being the first unit in USAREUR to field the M1A1 Abrams (and currently holds the best gunnery record in USAREUR's history - 56/58 first-run qualifications).
 
3rd BRIGADE
 
HHC, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Inf Div (M)
The "Drive On" Brigade is located on Ready Kaserne, Aschaffenburg. The Brigade was assigned to Aschaffenburg in 1958 as part of the 3rd Inf Div deployment from the US. It currently consists of two mechanized infantry battalions, equipped with the M2 Bradley IFV, and one armor battalion, equipped with the M1A1 Abrams.


1st Bn, 4th Infantry
1st Bn, 4th Inf is equipped with the M2 Bradley and is organized under the Army of Excellence structure. The battalion is scheduled to redesignate as 4th Bn, 7th Inf on Jan 14, 1988.

1st Bn, 7th Infantry
The "Cottonbaler" Battalion is stationed on Graves Kaserne, Aschaffenburg. The 1st Bn, 7th Inf was activated on June 20, 1963.

4th Bn, 66th Armor
The "Iron Knights" Battalion is currently located on Ready Barracks, Aschaffenburg. The battalion is equipped with the M1A1 Abrams. 3rd Bn, 69th Arm, Aschaffenburg, was redesignated as 4th Bn, 66th Arm on April 16, 1986.
 
4TH BRIGADE (AVN)
 
HHC, 4th Brigade (Avn), 3rd Inf Div (M)
4th Brigade, also known as "Wings of the Marne," is the first Combat Aviation Brigade established in USAREUR under the "Army of Excellence" concept. The brigade was officially activated on March 15, 1985. 4th Bde consists of two attack helicopter battalions, one battalion task force, one cavalry squadron and a brigade headquarters and headquarters company. All elements except the cavalry squadron (located in Schweinfurt) are stationed at Giebelstadt Army Airfield.

The attack helicopter battalions each consist of three attack helicopter companies, a headquarters company and a service company.

The cavalry squadron consists of a headquarters troop, two cavalry troops ("A" and "B" Trps), two air cavalry troops ("C" and "D" Trps), a Long Range Surveillance Detachment ("E" Trp), and a Border Camp Detachment.

The battalion task force consists of a combat aviation company ("H" Company), a general support aviation company ("G" Company), and a headquarters and service company.

2nd Bn, 3rd Aviation
The "Snake Bite" Battalion was activated as the 3rd Attack Helicopter Battalion on March 15, 1985. On Aug 16 1987, the 3rd AHB was redesignated as 2nd Bn, 3rd Avn Regt. The main weapon system of the battalion is the AH-1S Cobra. The battalion's mission is to destroy and disrupt massed enemy armor formations by using aerial firepower, mobility and shock effect as a maneuver element of the combined arms team.

3rd Bn, 3rd Aviation
The "Marne Viper" Battalion was orginally activated at Giebelstadt AAF as the 13th Attack Helicopter Battalion on March 16 1985. On Aug 16 1987, the 13th AHB was redesignated as 3rd Bn, 3rd Avn Regt under the Army Regimental System.

Task Force 23
Task Force 23 is a divisional task organization consisting of the recently activated Companies "G" and "H" of the 3rd Avn Regt. TF 23's primary mission is to provide general and combat aviation support to the 3rd Inf Div. The aviation support that is provided includes Communications-Electronics Warfare Intelligence (CEWI), divisional command and control, aerial observations and target acquisition, and aerial resupply and troop transport. In order to accomplish such a diverse mission, the TF employs several different rotary wing aircraft: the EH-1H; UH-1H; OH-58D and the UH-60.

"G" Company, 3rd Avn was orginally known as the 225th Avn Co -- activated on March 16 1986 as an aviation unit under 4th Brigade.

"H" Company, 3rd Avn was originally the 121st Avn Co that was deployed to Germany in the early 1980s. The unit was redesignated as the 21st Avn Co on Nov 16 1984. At that time the unit became part of 4th Brigade.

4th Sq, 4th Cavalry
The 4-4th Cav is currently the only fully organized and operational Army of Excellence divisional reconnaissance squadron in USAREUR. The squadron is uniquely trained and equipped to provide reconnaissance and surveillance for the 3rd Inf Div. The unit is equipped with the M3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicle, AH-1 Attack Helicopter, and the OH-58 Observation Helicopter. In addition to serving as the division's eyes and ears, the squadron is also OPCON'd to (= under the operational control of) the 2nd ACR to accomplish the mission of border surveillance along the Inter-German border. (The squadron operates a border camp at Harris Barracks in Coburg, just seven miles from the border.)

On Oct 16 1986, 3rd Sq, 7th Cavalry was redesignated as 4th Sq, 4th Cav. (The 4th Sq, 4th Cav would be redesignated again on June 9, 1989, this time as the 3rd Sq, 4th Cav.)

(Source: Email from Bob Hinkle, 3rd MP Det, 1959-60)
I served in the 3rd MP Detachment (3rd Inf. Div) in 1959 and 1960. Stationed in Würzburg with TDY tours in Schweinfurt, Bamberg, Grafenwohr, Hohenfels, Wildflecken.

It was interesting to see photos of Constabulary forces on the site, as I once worked with a gentleman at my first job out of college who served with the Constabulary. Also, one of our WWII-era MP Jeeps in Germany still had Constabulary lettering visible under its MP paint job.

3rd MP Det

 

1. 3rd MP Det Building, Leighton Bks

2. 3rd MP's man TCP during FTX

3. Same view, 50 years later


4. Ray Karcz & John Rodia

5. Hohenfels accomodations

6. Beautiful Hohenfels
 

7. Temporary headquarters for 3rd ID

8. Operation Double Cross - bridging the Main River

9. Pontoon bridge over the Main River
 

10. Crowd of onlookers
     

(Source: Email from David Adams)

1st LT David Adams

Adams outside of the
Bravo Company Barracks
  I have photos from Harvey Barracks in Kitzingen during the Cold War (1967-1969) when I was with the 1/15th Infantry (Mech) and the 1/64th Armor.

I read with interest the articles on the 3rd Aviation Battalion and the old photos. Indeed, the 3rd AV BN was redesignated Detachment C, 3rd S & T Bn in early 1967.

At that time, the unit added UH-1 Bravos (Hueys) to their unit beside the old H-13 bubbletop chopper and several fixed wing aircraft, including the L-20.

During my tour @ Harvey Barracks, Kitzingen, Germany from 1967 to 69, I was the 2nd Brigade, 3rd I.D. air observer, but was still permanently assigned as Recon Platoon Leader to Bravo Company, 1-15th Inf (Mech). At the time, the Brigade Commander was COL Tim May.

I put a lot of hours in those Hueys from routine missions, patrols, and to Operation REFORGER in, I believe, 1969 where then Secretary of the Army, Stanley Resor, was in attendence to observe joint combat operations training. My pilots were CWO Jack Holtsizer and CWO Chuck Schenck. Both rotated from Vietnam before joining the unit. I believe Jack was a gunship pilot with the 1st Cav and I know for sure that Chuck was a "Dust-off" pilot who was shot down twice in 'Nam during Med Evac operations.

There were 2 other Huey pilots, a pilot named Mark who we nicknamed "Fat Albert" and another named Randy who we nicknamed "Omar" because the guy was a deadringer for the actor Omar Sharif. There were other individuals associated with the unit whose names, unfortunately, escape me.

The unit commander at the time was an LTC and the XO was a MAJ who was a really terrific guy.

There was one humorous story I must relate. In 1968, there was a young, shavetail WO assigned to the unit. One Sunday, he decided to get his flight time in and took off in an H-13 using IFR conditions (I Follow Rivers). Cruising above the Main River near Kitzingen, he spied two young, German beauties topless sunbathing on shore. He dropped altitude for a closer look and struck a power line in doing so. The tailrotor snapped and he had to pull an auto-rotation. The H-13 was almost a complete loss but, he walked away uninjured. The unit XO was furious. Within 3 weeks, this kid had orders for 'Nam. Too funny!

(Source: Email from Doug Simon, 3rd Bn, 67th ADA, 1984-87)
3rd Bn, 67th ADA DUI

I served in the in the 3rd Bn, 67th Air Defense Artillery, 3rd ID, from 1984 - 1987. I saw that your page had no unit crest for 3/67 ADA so here is a scan I made of our crest.


Photo 1: This is a photo I took on a field problem from the drivers seat of the Platoon Sergeant's jeep. I can't remember the name of the town in the background. This area and this particular road was a common staging area. In the photo are 1/15 Inf Bradley's and I do not know the aviation unit or exactly what that white civilian vehicle which was parked just in front of my jeep was about. But I do remember that my Platoon Leader 1LT Allen had me drive him to this area for a little powwow with our task force leaders. Picture probably taken in 1985. Note the MILES equipped Bradley.
 
Photo 2: This photo is from a different field problem but the same area. Here you see 3/67ADA Vulcan's and Chaparral's with M1 Abrams from 2/64 I believe and various wheeled vehicles at the close of the field problem waiting to roll home. This photo was definitely taken in 1986 because the Chaparral's are equipped with the newer FLIR tracking systems. 

3rd Bn, 67th ADA

 

1. Small German town used as a staging area for an FTX in 1985 (KB)

2. Same town, a year later, another field exercise (KB)

3. 3/67 ADA road march (KB)


4. Delta Battery waiting in line at the railhead, 1984 (KB)

5. On REFORGER, a Chaparral squad tries to make radio contact with HQ on a cold foggy morning (KB)
   

Division Yearbook 1958
(Source: 3d Infantry Division, 1917 - Forty Year Odyssey - 1958, Information Office, HQ Third Infantry Division, APO 36, Wuerzburg 1958)
3d Division Combines Historical Lineage with Modern Organization

The Third Infantry Division occupies a unique position in the annals of American military history. Within its structure this country has witnessed the evolution of the combat arms from the four regiment, 28,000 man strength of World War I, to the five battle group, 15,000 man mobile striking force of today.

From the Third's ranks have come many of the nations great combat leaders, including General, now President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, General George Marshall, General Mark Clark, General Maxwell D. Taylor, General Matthew Ridgway, and General Thomas Hickey.

Its roll of honor is studded with the names of forty-nine Medal of Honor winners, including that of Major Audie Murphy, most decorated soldier of World War II.

This heritage of valor, earned at the cost of 60,000 casualties from the Marne, to the Rhine, to the Han, is enhanced by a professional competancy gained in twenty-four major campaigns during World Wars I and II, and the Korean Conflict.

The lineage of its Infantry elements, now called battle groups, is a roster of US Army battles from the War of 1812 to Korea. Claimant to a military tradition unsurpassed by any US Army combat force the Third Infantry Division, led by paratroop veteran Major General Roy E. Lindquist, is now reorganized for battle readiness in an era of possible nuclear warfare.

Reorganized on 1 July, 1957 at Fort Benning, Georgia, the ROCID (for Reorganization of the Current Infantry Division) Third continues to be a symbol of National power.

While noting honors won on the bloody fields of Europe and Asia, the fighting Third eyes the implication of nuclear weapons in future conflicts. Atomic weapons have dictated the need for a new tactical organization in US ground forces. The Pentomic Third fills this need.

Today's Marne Division is designed to operate under conditions likely to be encountered on a battlefield torn by nuclear weapons. Flexible, versatile, and high in combat power, this descendent of the World War I Organization is characterized by endurance, by an ability to apply measured rather than total force, and by its suitability for tactical or strategic employment. The present Marne Division can be employed in an atomic or non-atomic war, or sent to quell local brush fire conflicts.
  The current 3d Division is a strong deterrent to aggression with a police mission to keep the peace. Its equipment and organization permit movement by air to the centers of enemy power. It can be utilized to exploit the shock effect of nuclear attack and to seize vital facilities and communication centers. It can establish order and set up a military government to encourage elements of the enemy population who desire to cooperate. In a non-atomic war it becomes the task of the basic unit employed to destroy the enemy's will to fight and to seize land areas leading to his defeat.

Employed in a local war, brought on by aggression into an allied country, its force can be confined to a limited area. Such participation might involve the use of atomic weapons but would restrict the size of weapons and type of target. The capabilities of the Third Division in ground combat are adaptable to snuffing out small wars to restoring the peace. Its strategic mobility is particularly valuable in the event of such a war.
The Pentomic Division makes possible a wide range of operations calling for a choice of weapons. These characteristics are inherent to its organization. The Third Division is composed of five battle groups. Each battle group has a headquarters and four rifle companies, and is supported by a battery of 105mm mortars. The battle group is self-contained and able to fight alone or to join in battle with the division. It is a unit of combined arms consisting of infantry, artillery, engineers, anti-tank weapons, light tanks for reconnaissance, plus communications and administrative support elements.

Although the Division has been completely reorganized under the ROCID concept it still contains many characteristics of the former battalion and regimental systems. Although both battalion and regiment formations were dropped, eliminating these headquarters requirements, the five battle groups provide almost 500 more men in foxholes than did the former 18,000 man division. The remainder of the Division, combat support, logistical, and administrative support, are designed to ensure most effective employment of the battle groups.

A reconnaissance squadron is the eyes and ears of the Division. Using airborne television, infra-red detection equipment, plus air and ground radar, it tells the commander where the enemy is and what he is doing. The need of this increase in the intelligence capability reflects the greater battle area foreseen in the future and the increased mobility of opposing forces.

To build roads and bridges, and to construct landing strips for Army aircraft, the division has an engineer battalion. Its mission also includes construction of obstacles to delay the enemy and to assist the infantry in breaching fortifications.

The power of atomic weapons, for the first time available to a division commander, is held in leash within the division artillery structure. Two means for nuclear delivery are provided - the Honest John rocket and the eight-inch howitzer. Both are part of the rocket-howitzer battalion which, in addition to rocket launchers and howitzers, places 155mm guns at the disposal of the commander. An innovation for ground forces is the addition of organic light aircraft. Helicopters and fixed-wing planes provide liaison, lay telephone lines, and support reconnaissance elements. They are also capable of airlifting infantry elements on raid or counterattack operations into enemy territory. Aerial resupply is another vital part of the Division air arm. Backing up these basic combat elements are streamlined Division Headquarters, Medical Battalion, Quartermaster, Ordnance, Transportation and Administration which combine to provide the best infantry organization to meet anticipated need of future warfare.

The "new look" Third Infantry Division contains many units which were part of the Division when it was activated for World War I. The Fourth, Seventh, Thirtieth, and Thirty-Eighth Infantry Regiments were originally assigned to the Third on 21 November, 1917, as were the 10th Artillery, 10th Engineers, Third Medical Battalion, Third Signal Battalion, and Third Quartermaster Company. Reorganized for modern combat all take their place in the table of organization.

Some of these combat units are direct decendants of regiments before the Army organized a division of combined arms. The Fourth Infantry, organic to the Division in World War I, was organized in 1812 and is once again represented in the Marne Division through the Second Battle Group. Seventh Infantry, a part of the Division since 1917, was also organized in 1812. Its First Battle Group remains with the Division. A third, the 15th Infantry, which joined the Division in 1940, has a history that extends to 1861. It is represented in the Division by the First Battle Group, 15th Infantry. The 30th Infantry, a part of the Division in World Wars I and II, rejoined the division after the Korean Conflict. Organized in 1901 the 30th Infantry is represented by its First Battle Group.

The 38th Infantry, 9th and 10th Artillery, originally assigned to the Third Division in 1917, as well as the 68th Armor, all have histories that begin at about the same time as the Division. The Division has also added to its rolls a descendant of the Seventh Cavalry, organized in 1866. This regiment, famed in story, paintings, and motion pictures, is represented by the Second Reconnaissance Squadron.

Thus in greatness, guts, and glory, the historic 3d Infantry Division stands poised in a new age and with new weapons, in the vanguard of American Arms.
Arch. E. Roberts


The Marne Division - Pentomic to NATO

A most significant event in the drama-filled 1957-1958 chronology of the 3d Infantry Division was the full dress Change-of-Command ceremony held at Leighton Barracks, Wuerzburg, Germany, 23 April, 1958.
  Culminating, as it did, the many months of planning, training, and Preparation for Overseas Movement, the official assumption of North Atlantic Treaty Organization responsibility by the Marne Commander and the 3d Infantry Division is singularly important in the annals of the Division history.

A new era for the 3d began on 1 July, 1957, when the Marne Division again leaped into national prominance as one of the Army's "Pentomic" ground forces reorganized under the ROCID concept.

A new vitality surged through the unit as a fresh mission, and subsequent assignments, increased the stature of this historic command.
     
  Personnel levys swelled the ranks of the hard core professional cadre as a new breed of Marnemen began training for combat readiness and eventual duty in Europe.

Volunteers by the hundreds, and, later, by the thousands, streamed into Sand Hill, Kelly Hill, and Harmony Church areas at Fort Benning, Georgia. As the last of some 26,000 basic trainees departed for other service areas the framework of the novel, five-sided "nuclear age" 3d exploded into the fighting posture of a tactical division.

Regimental colors associated with the "Rock of the Marne" in World War I, now bedecked with battle streamers won in America's wars all over the globe, returned to flaunt their colors in the bright Georgia skies. A powerful ground force, equipped with electronic eyes and armed with the mighty fist of the atom, quickly took form under the critical, demanding guidance of Marne Commander, Major General Roy E. Lindquist.
Citizen soldiers grew hard muscled and technically competent as they progressed from Basic Individual Training through Advance Unit Training in the short months before Gyroscope. Field exercises and iron rations became a familiar routine as these young Americans learned the rugged trade of combat.

This photographic chronology is a record of those action-packed days, from Pentomic Activation to NATO duty. These are the achievements and highlights that so personally involved every member of the Marne Division from the formative days at Fort Benning, Georgia, to subsequent duty in six Franconian cities in West Germany in the spring of 1958.
 
   

29 Aug 1957
Lindquist, Planning Group Depart for Tour of Germany
Maj Gen Roy E. Lindquist (3rd Infantry Division Commander) and the Division Advance Planning Group, headed by Col Elias C. Townsend, departed from Lawson Army Air Base (Ft. Benning, GA) on the initial leg of a trans-Atlantic "familiarization" mission. Following farewell from the Assistant Division Commander, Brig Gen John E. Leary, the Commander boarded the plane, flew to McGuire Air Field, N.J., where he boarded a direct flight MATS aircraft for Frankfurt, Germany.

13 Sept
Lindquist Impressed by German Facilities
General Lindquist smiled broadly as he arrived at Lawson Air Field following a two-week European orientation tour. The Marne Commander spoke of "excellent" facilities he found in the German home of the Third Division. He said, upon return from the gyroscope preparation tour, that the Division personnel will have top accommodations, including recreational facilities, troop billets and clubs. He personally toured the area of permanent duty stations in Bavaria and American major command areas.

  4 Oct
Division Location in Germany Announced
Future locations of Marne Division units in Germany were announced the first week of October. The sites were chosen after General Lindquist and a 15-man advance planning group made a several week's study of the Marne Division home in Bavaria. It was announced the Division would be located in southern Germany with some units as close as 35 miles from the Iron Curtain.

17 Oct
10th Infantry Unit Arrives at Post Today
The 10th Infantry Division advance planning group arrived at Fort Benning to inspect the future home of the 10th Division stationed in Germany. A full program during their two-week stay was hosted by Marne Division officials.

3 Nov
17,700 Groom for Goodwill Role Overseas
The 13,700 men of the 3rd Division plus 4,000 dependents were found brushing up as "ambassadors of goodwill" for a "Sell America" campaign in Germany. Soldiers, their wives and children were busy learning the language during off-duty at Division sponsored classes. Marnemen also learned soon-to-be-familiar German road signs in their training.

13 Nov
Third Opened Gyro Office
The Germany-bound Division took a big step toward the gyroscope movement with the opening of a transportation office designed to handle the many problems involved in moving the 17,000 soldiers and dependents to Western Europe. The office was involved in shipment of some 2,100 automobiles and 2,600 tons of household goods and baggage.
   

4th Infantry Pocket Patch

7th Infantry Pocket Patch

15th Infantry Pocket Patch

30th Infantry Pocket Patch

38th Infantry Pocket Patch
  27 Nov
Third Division Gets Final Movement Orders
Third Division's Operation Gyroscope got the go ahead order from Third Army Headquarters in Fort McPherson to start final plans for the move to Germany. The orders were the final step in completing arrangements for the first Pentomic Division to gyroscope overseas.

7 Dec
Third Division Gyro Schedule Announced
Details of the 3d Division's gyroscope move to Germany were announced by Department of the Army early in December. Maj Gen Roy E. Lindquist announced the Division was to begin its move to Western Europe with the departure of a special advance party from New York in January headed by Col Charles F. Leonard, Jr., Chief of Staff.

13 Dec
First Gyro Unit Lists 195 Marnemen
Some 195 men of the 3d Division and authorized dependents, including 74 officers and 121 enlisted men made up the first advance party traveling under the guidance of Col Charles F. Leonard, Jr. The party prepared the way for the first main increment scheduled to arrive in March, arranging facilities, equipment, supplies and classified documents.

19 Dec
Cloth Patches Mark Uniforms
A new splash of color will mark the clothing and field jackets of 3d Division Marnemen when assuming NATO duties in Germany. New cloth patches bearing the insignia of the Division's twenty-one units are arriving. The colorful insignia whose symbols tell a long story of heroic military service will be worn over the left pocket of fatigue and field jackets.

10 Jan 1958
Army Announces Savannah as Third Division
Speculation ended as the Department of the Army announced the Division would move its thousands of troops and dependents through the port of Savannah, Ga. The announcements also reported that the first ship, the USNS General Buckner, would leave two days earlier than originally planned. The shift south from the original debarkation point, New York, was made because of "economy, convenience and other advantages." The decision was made in accordance with moving of organized Army units through ports nearest the unit's home.

11 Jan
Division Advance Party Trip Complete
Approxiamtely 95 officers and men of the 3d Division advance party arrived at the Rhine-Main Airbase in Frankfurt, Germany, which initiated the first phase of the Division's Operation Gyroscope. Col Charles F. Leonard, Chief of Staff, who lead the group, was greeted by Lt Gen Francis W. Farrell, V Corps Commander, Maj Gen Paul D. Adams, Commander of the Northern Area (Command) and ranking officers of the 10th Div.

22 Jan
New Sailing Dates Listed for Division
New sailing dates for the 3d Division Gyroscope were announced by the Department of the Army. The USNS General Buckner was re-scheduled to leave March 4 with the General Rose sailing on the 8th, the Patch on March 11 and the Upshur on the 15th.

14 Feb
Review Bids Welcome to 10th Division
A colorful parade by honor guard troops, welcoming remarks, and a fly-by (by) Division aircraft, marked the official welcome to the advance party of the 10th Division. At Weatherby Field, General Lindquist entended "a most hearty, cordial and sincere welcome" to the 10th Division troops represented by Col Harry A. Stella, leader of the 10th's advance party.

28 Feb
Operation Gyroscope Set to Roll
A week before 3d Division troops were scheduled to board transportation to NATO lines in Germany, all was in preparedness. The sailing was anticipated by thousands in the Marne as a dramatic milestone in the Division's history, which until a few months ago was only a skeleton organization.
   

35th Trans Bn Pocket Patch

10th Engr Bn Pocket Patch
  4 Mar
First Ship Sails for Nato
In the chilly pre-dawn hours a special 16-car train carrying 800 troops of the 3d Division moved out of Fort Benning for Savannah where the men embarked in the afternoon for the NATO defense line in southern Germany. The troops were the first of some 14,000 Marne Division men who made the overseas trip during the following three months. The troops were joined in Savannah by about 300 of the 5,000 wives and children who accompanied the Division overseas. Reveille came at 2 a.m. for the gyroscoping troops. The train arrived at Sand Hill siding at 4 and the loading of troops and equipment began shortly thereafter. Marnemen, arriving at dockside, boarded the General Randall shortly before it steamed out of port at dusk. Col David C. Lewis was in charge of the first ship.

9 Mar
Army Announces Ending of Division Sized Gyroscope Moves
The second contingent of the 3d Division set sail for Germany on the eve of the Army announcement that the principle features of its gyroscope plan have been abandoned. The Army said the rotation plan, started three years ago as a morale and efficiency builder, was scheduled to end in May when the 3d Division replaces the 10th. A new system involving exchange of battle group and smaller units will be employed.

14 Mar
Ship Makes Port with First Group
The first large group of 3d Division soldiers arrived in Bremerhaven, Germany, following a 10-day sea voyage crossing. The 1,000 men and dependents arrived aboard the USNS Randall. The 10th Division Commander Mai Gen Walter Yeager, other high U.S. officers and German dignitaries greeted the Marnemen at portside. A poster hung above the gangway which said, "Welcome Back Third Infantry Div."

17 Mar
First Group of Third Division Arrives at Wuerzburg
The first large body of 3d Division soldiers and families rolled into Wuerzburg to make their new home in Germany. They made the last leg of the trip from Fort Benning by train and ship to replace 10th Division elements. The group was met by the 10th Division band. Later they were escorted to their quarters by host committees of the departing unit.
   
  8 Apr
Division Colors Ship to Germany
Third Infantry Colors were carried aboard the USNS General A. M. Patch in Savannah after an impressive dockside ceremony which was witnessed from the Germany-bound ship deck by hundreds of 3d Division personnel and dependents. Columbus Mayor B. F. Register and Leonard Coulter, mayor of Phenix City participated in the ceremony which was held to furl and case the Division colors for the last time on Georgia soil. A special City of Columbus flag which was presented to the Division in March was cased and put aboard the ship along with U.S. and Division colors. The colors were placed in custody of Capt Neils H. Olsen, master of the Patch, who welcomed the troops and dependents aboard the ship. This began the fourth trip overseas for the historic colors. This casing of the colors for NATO lines signaled the official departure of the Division which had called Fort Benning home for the past four years. The day and night training, preparatory to the assumption of NATO duties, geared the citizen-soldiers for military reaponsibility in six short months. Never before in peacetime has so much training been absorbed by recruits fresh from civilian life.
   
  18 Apr
Division Colors Arrive on German Soil
Colors of the 3d Division arrived in Germany for the first time since World War II as the second increment of troops debarked at Bremerhaven. Behind the Division colors is the flag of the City of Columbus presented to the Division before elements began the gyroscope movement.

22 Apr
Cottonbalers Assume Comm. at Aschaffenburg
The 1st Battle Group, 7th Infantry officially assumed command of the Aschaffenburg military from the 87th Infantry in a change of command ceremony at Graves Casern. The colors of the 87th were cased and those of the 7th unfurled as Col William A. Purdy, 87th commander turned over the command to 7th Infantry Commander Col William P. Yarborough.

23 Apr
Division Takes over Duties, Mission in Germany
The 3d Infantry Division officially took its post among North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces on guard in West Germany when colors of the Division were unfurled at Leighton Barracks in Wuerzburg. The occasion also marked the end of four years European duty for its sister unit, the 10th Division. "Today for the fourth time since its organization in 1917, the 3d Infantry Division has arrived on foreign soil to take on new missions and accept new responsibilities," General Lindquist said in a introductory address to assembled troops of both units. Also in attendance was General H. I. Hodes, USAREUR Commander-in-Chief, Lt Gen Bruce C. Clarke, 7th Army Commander, Lt Gen Francis W. Farrell, V Corps Commanding General and Maj Gen Walter B. Yeager, 10th Division Commander. Visiting German officials included Wilhelm Hoenig, representing the President of Lower Franconia and Helmuth Zimmerer, mayor of Wuerzburg.
   
  2 May
30th Trains with German Forces
Men of the 30th Infantry cooperated with German forces of the 8th Mountain Engineer Battalion in tank maneuvers during April and May field exercises. Pvt James R. Lavalle (center left) and Pvt Lucian Nash of the 30th got their first taste of training on the NATO defense line.

6 May
Gyroscope Movement Hits Two-Thirds Mark
Early in May the Division's movement to Germany passed the two-thirds mark as the last ship of the movement's second increment docked in Bremerhaven, Germany. The USNS General Buckner, eighth of 12 ships transporting troops and dependents, carried some 750 Marnemen and their families.
   
  9 May
Festive 'Week' Promotes German-American Ties
German-American Friendship Week, the 3d Division's first cooperative project with its new German neighbors, drew to a close after a full week of social cultural and athletic events. A colorful display of uniformed bands, and an annual Friendship Ball were the main attractions in Wuerzburg. The Marne Band played in concert at each of the six Division towns during the week. The Marneman Glee Club also made similar appearances. The festive week saw military personnel and townspeople cooperating in a packed schedule of activities ranging from official receptions to folk dancing anti wine testing. The 3d Division Court of Flags, entrusted to the Marne's care, were displayed at opening day ceremonies at the Wuerzburg Residenzplatz symbolic of the bond of friendship between Germany and the United States.
   
  12 May
7th Cavalry Assumes Role on Nato Line
The colors of the 2d Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry officially replaced the 7th Cavalry of the 10th Division in change of command ceremonies held in Bamberg. The ceremony was viewed by officials, townspeople and troops.

  16 May
Engineers Span Main River
Members of the 3d Infantry Division's 10th Engineer Battalion built the first span across the Main River following the 3d's arrival at NATO Defense lines in Lower Franconia. Engineers are shown tieing in the final section of the bridge constructed near Kitzingen.

16 May
Colors of 68th Armor Uncased
Armed Forces Day at Kitzingen was a double celebration for troops of the 1st Medium Tank Battalion, 68th Armor, for it marked for the first time since World War II that the unit's colors had been uncased on foreign soil.
   
  17 May
15th Infantry Uncases Colors in Bamberg
The colors of the 15th Infantry were uncased in Bamberg as the combat ready unit officially assumed vital NATO defense line responsibility. The 29th Infantry colors were furled symbolizing their relief of guard on the German west border.

17 May
Third Marks Armed Forces Day
Units of the 3d Division participated in Armed Forces Day celebrations with parades sports events and displays of equipment. Dependents, Marnemen and German employees attended events scheduled in Wuerzburg, Bamberg, Schweinfurt, Kitzingen and Aschaffenburg.
   
  24 May
Fourth Infantry Arrives in Bamberg
Following months of combat training preparation, the 4th Infantry arrived in Bamberg to take command of vital NATO duty in Bamberg. The Division Commander was on hand to view the impressive flag changing ceremony between the newly trained unit and the 2d Battle Group, 15th Infantry.
   
  26 May
Last Gyro Ship Docks
The ocean-going phase of the 3d Division's "Operation Gyroscope" to Europe ended with the arrival of the USNS General Buckner in Bremerhaven. The Buckner was the last of 12 ships that made the Atlantic crossing. Two planeloads of troops arrived in June.
   
 
 
 
 

 
3rd Infantry Division Troops
 
(Source: Email from Mike Roberts)
ADM Pltn, HHC, 10th Engr Bn

ADM Pltn, 10th Engr Bn

ADM Pltn, 10th Engr Bn
  On the page for the 3rd ID, you display two patches for the ADM Platoon, HHC 10th Engineer Battalion.

The ADM platoon was located with HHC 10th Engineers and my unit HQ&CoA, 703rd Maintenance Battalion, Larson Barracks, Kitzingen. (Used to be a Flak kaserne)

The lower patch with the cloud and nuclear rings was in use for sure in the late 60's until April of 1971. I arrived on station in 1970, after leaving 2d Logistical Command on Okinawa. The ADM platoon ran with my supply platoon, going downtown or touring the countryside.

I was honored to be presented one and it is one of the few treasures I retained after selling my collection of Militaria.

A funny story goes with the ADM platoon. Part of their mission was to "target" bridges, trestles and other civil works for simulated destruction by ADM.  The actual targets and devices are probably still classified "TOP SECRET."  Anyway, one of the teams was out practicing when a member "Caught the train."  The target was a railroad bridge and the lookout wasn't paying attention. An express came up behind them and while they were running for the ditch, Charlie's arm was caught by the passing train. It broke in two places. After the pain was gone and the wound healed we made many jokes about "catching the train." Needless to say, no one was ever injured in that manner again.

 
4th Brigade
 
(Source: FRONTLINE, March 22, 1985)
New Wings of the Marne

First in Europe - first in the Army.

New unit colors were unfurled for the first time March 15, ushering in a new era in Army aviation. Shortly after two o'clock, the colors of 4th Brigade (Aviation) were uncased on Giebelstadt Army Airfield and the unit entered the history books as the first combat aviation brigade in a division.

  After the colors felt their first brisk wind in Marneland, Maj. Gen. Howard G. Crowell Jr., division commander, passed them to the brigade commander, Col. Raymond G. Boland.

The new organization is indeed a "lean, mean, fighting machine." It combines the old 3rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) and the 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry under the control of a brigade headquarters. Units in the new brigade are a Headquarters and Headquarters Company; the 3rd Squadron, 7th Cavalry; the 3rd Attack Helicopter Battalion; the 13th Attack Helicopter Battalion; the 21st Combat Aviation Company; and the 225th General Support Aviation Company.

The reorganization of the old units was no simple task. In addition to reshuffling over 1,000 soldiers among units, the cavalry troopers traded in their tanks and armored personnel carriers for two troops equipped with Bradley Fighting Vehicles and two air troops outfitted with AH-1S Cobra gunships. The troopers and soldiers of the 4th Brigade (Avn) effected the transition so smoothly that they will serve as examples to future aviation unit transitions Army-wide.

What the change signifies to the division and to the Army is that there is now an additional maneuver element providing better command and control.

The brigade headquarters can accomplish the same tasks as other brigade headquarters - assisting the division commander in controlling combat and support units on the fluid modern battlefield. Units can be attached or detached among the division's four brigade headquarters to provide more flexibility during battle and to put combat power where it is most needed.

 
Miscellaneous
ADDITIONAL DUIs

1st Bde, 3rd ID (M)

2nd Bde, 3rd ID (M)

3rd Bde, 3rd ID (M)
 
 
1960s
3rd ID NCO Academy DUI
 
3rd Infantry Division NCO Academy
 

 
Movies
 
(Source: Email from Fred Smith, 3rd Inf Div, 1960-63)

Movie Poster
  I was stationed with the 3rd Infantry Division in Germany from 1960 - 63. Around 1962 we were part of a United Artists movie called "Armored Command," starring Howard Keel, Tina Louise (from Gilligan's Island) and both "C" & "B" Companies of the 68th Armor, 3rd Inf Div.

I can still remember how we were told to shine our tanks up with motor oil. We spent 2 days getting them all cleaned up and ready. I can't remember if it was at Hohenfels or Graf. We came down the hill, shooting blanks. I think every one was at least a Sgt. Well, the ones you could see. I was a driver, so all you saw were my eyes. We did that at least 3 times. Then we were told NOT to shave for the next 2 weeks. (about a week later, I was asked, 'I thought you were told not to shave?" I said, "I hadn't". After that, we had to smear dirt, and throw dust all over the nice clean tanks. Burlap German signs covered our markings. Last, we came down that same hill again shooting blanks. This time we had old burning rubber tires on the back, to make it look like we got hit. An old junk tank was placed in an abandoned basement, and a few scenes were shot there. The director told us not to smile or make any faces of joy, as we were dying.

Rumors were going around about some of the guys getting a date with the Lady star. Come to find out her part was shot in Hollywood, and she never stepped foot in Germany. However Howard Keel stayed right there with us, he even had his own beer brought in. Had enough for everybody. He wore a Col. uniform, and we saluted him at first. He told us not to. What a great guy.

About 3 months later, we got to see the uncut version. You should have seen all the guys faces on the screen. Half were supposed to be laying dead ... smiling. That part was cut out.

Now comes pay day. We were all lined up in rank. I just knew I was getting $22.50 for my 50 cents a days pay. I had a car all picked out. The First Sgt. wanted to know what we wanted to do with the money? We all said we'd like cash. He then informed us that we had to all agree one thing that everybody could use. I think we got a pool table? He said, "Who told you that you'd be getting cash?" We all looked at that same guy that said he went out with Tina Louise.
Wow, were we ever disappointed. Oh well, we had a lot of good times.

Every once in a while I see that movie on late at night. It's been cut so many times, I hardly recognize it. It's in black and white. I watch it and still get a few laughs. OK for now, see ya at the movies.

 
Newspaper articles
 
(Source: Frontline, July 20, 1984)
Marne Legacy Series
Schweinfurt, Germany 1945-46

By Hallet D. Edson

Editor's note: Marne soldiers may not know that the division completed its swath through the battlefields of France and Germany here in Marneland. In the following article, Hallet D. Edson related a personal account of the 15th Infantry Regiment in the Schweinfurt area during the closing stages of WWII. Edson, then a Colonel, was commander of the "Audie Murphy" regiment from 1945 to 1946.

0n the 11th of April, 1945, Marlene Dietrich and her traveling show were scheduled to put on a performance for our regiment, the 15th Infantry of the Third Infantry Division. At that time we were in division reserve and located just north of Schweinfurt in the vicinity of Tottershauser (Note: probably Rottershausen) and Rannungen.

We really "put on the dog," by entertaining Miss Dietrich for lunch in our hastily set up Regimental Headquarters Mess in the storage room of a small hardware store. We served the usual delicacies, a variety of "C" rations; no other food had kept up with our rapid advance.

Unfortunately the luncheon was cut short for me as I got a call to "move out." The regiment had just received orders to continue the attack and was only able to leave behind the 1st Battalion, in regimental reserve, to attend the show. From all reports it turned out to be pretty good!

That afternoon we by-passed Schweinfurt and, coming down from the hills, secured the castle at Mainberg, the home and office of Willy Sachs, one of the three Schweinfurt ball bearing "Barons." An interesting sidelight occurred as our rapidly advancing troops found that in the lower floors of the castle a brick wall had been hastily erected. The wall was torn down and many of Willy Sachs' records were found to have been cached in the recess behind the wall.

We continued the attack to the east and entered Bamberg by nightfall of the 18th.

That "fresh brick wall" wasn't the only example of a secret room in this beautiful old castle said to date back to around 1066. We found another concealed spot in February of 1946 when our regiment moved from the Wetzlar area to the Schweinfurt area and I established our headquarters offices in Mainberg Castle. The 15th Infantry Headquarters was set up in a building just across from a large German kaserne on the western outskirts of the city, on the road toward the airport.

Captain John S. Sullivan was my Headquarters company commander and Captain Maurice W. Kendall was my regimental adjutant. These two, Sullivan and Kendall, shared a delightful room in the castle just off the dining room and one day asked me to stop in their room as they had found another "secret compartment" which they described as a walk-in safe in the wall. "Can you find it?" they asked.

Well, it was quite a search. After finally locating a faint arc shadowed in the carpet, I probed the wall and the set of doors and drawers in the vicinity until I found one drawer that, with an extra pull, unlocked the entire wall section. It pivoted smoothly around to the left, revealing a steel wall safe. Alas, all the "secret documents" had disappeared by that time.

The 1st Battalion was located at Wildflecken, the 2nd at Hammelburg Lager with about 6,000 German POWs, the 3rd at Mellrichstadt on the Russian border, and an attached Anti-aircraft Battalion, commanded by LTC Frank Ebey, at Wuerzburg. Across the street from our Regimental Headquarters was a huge German Army Kaserne housing about 12 000 Polish displaced persons.

I used the hayfield across the river from Mainberg to land one of the Division L-4's while making flying trips around the area and to visit Division Headquarters far north of Frankfurt (Note: in Bad Wildungen). I was able to cross river by a rowboat courtesy of a local German resident of the village.

In Mainberg we also kept several horses we had liberated from a Hungarian Riding School soon after the war ended. This gave us the opportunity for pleasant riding up in the hills. These were the same hills that bristled with 88mm anti-aircraft guns during the war and were responsible for shooting down so many of our bombers in the raids on the three ball bearing factories: Schaefer, Sachs, and Kugel-Fischer.

Although much of the downtown area had been destroyed, the people were industriously working to haul away the rubble and rebuild.

The Schweinfurt Airfield, located a couple of miles down the road toward Wuerzburg, was loaded with U.S. aircraft being systematically destroyed - most sad!

At that time, Wuerzburg was quite desolate. The city had been fire bombed and only the stone and brick walls were standing, with pipes and radiators hanging from the masonry.

At the end of May 1946, my wife, Faith, received orders to join me and by that time I had requisitioned an attractive two-story house complete with yard, a maid and furnished. She was awaiting a "port call" when I received orders to return immediately to CONUS to attend the course at the Naval War College commencing in June.

Thus ended my tour in Schweinfurt, and I would certainly like to return sometime and see the changes that have taken place in these thirty years.

 

Related Links:
3rd Infantry Division - Official Homepage of The Society of the 3rd Infantry Division, United States Army "ROCK OF THE MARNE!" The oldest continuous U. S. Army Division Association. (Excellent online newsletter!!)
3rd Division Photos - Peacetime/Cold War - this is one of many pages on the Society of the 3rd Infantry Division website. Great pics of various 3rd Inf Div kasernes .
Fort Stewart, GA - Home of the 3rd Infantry Division (M) (today)
Into the Fire, from Rhode Island to West Germany - Dave Matteson's website is dedicated to C Company, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry of the 3rd Inf Div. This was the first unit to get the Bradley in Germany.