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7th Army Reserve Command
US Army, Europe

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


History (19.. -19..)

2nd Hosp Cen (Fwd)

8th Med Bde (Fwd)

302nd Spt Cen

454th Repl Det

3745th USARF School

3747th USARF School

USAR MI Group, Europe

Newspaper articles

Related Links







 
History
7th Army Reserve Command DI
(Source: 7th ARCOM website, 1998)
The 7th Army Reserve Command (ARCOM) traces its history back to 1956, when the first US Army Reserve units -- five USAR schools -- were established in Europe.

US Army Reserve Affairs, Europe (.. - 1983)

US Army Reserve, Europe (1983 - 1986)

7th Army Reserve Command (1986 - present)
For nearly 30 years, European Reservists served under various Army Reserve structures until the 7th ARCOM was activated provisionally in January 1986.

On April 16 1987, the Department of the Army approved the authorization document for the 7th ARCOM. It became a general oficer command in 1989.

(For more history on the 7th ARCOM after the end of the Cold War, see the official 7th ARCOM website.)

302nd Support Center (RAOC)
 
(Source: SPEARHEAD, Oct 1988)
RAOC stays ready for war

Story by Aria Ala-U-Oini

The 3rd Armored Division's Rear Area Operations Center (RAOC) was unique among reserve RAOCs participating in FTX Certain Challenge. "The 302nd RAOC is the first RAOC to be stationed in Europe" said Lt. Col. Glenn E. Cole, unit commander.

Stationed in West Germany, the 302nd RAOC is necessary to meet the needs of the modern Army, according to Cole.

National Guard units, which are located in the United States, can take as many as 60 days to mobilize.

"The RAOC's mission is to seal off the rear area of battle to ensure a safe and steady flow of supplies to the front lines," said Cole.

Cole, a civilian banker in West Germany, said the idea of having a reserve RAOC was conceived by Maj. Gen. George A. Joulwan, 3rd Armd Div commander, while he was still at USAREUR headquarters.

Joulwan saw a need for a force that would be able to respond to the needs of the Army more quickly.

The 302nd RAOC, which is located on Drake Kaserne in Frankfurt, has been in existence since July. Fourteen of the 22 reserve positions are already filled.

"All the members in the unit are prior service with different MOS's, " said Cole.

SFC Paul E. Bright, unit defense liaison NCO, said another advantage their RAOC has is that it is a reserve unit which works solely with its active duty counterparts.

"It's nothing like the reserve units in the states," Bright said. "here, it's a lot more hands-on-training."

Bright, an electronic technician in Mainz, said he believes being the first reserve RAOC in Germany is a unique challenge and presents a great opportunity for everyone in the unit to receive intensive training.

"It's a new experience for all of us," he said.

Even though his unit is a reserve unit, Cole said that they still are an important part of the 3rd Armd Div.

"Our people wear the Spearhead patch on their left sleeve and they are proud of it," Cole said, "the only difference between us and the regular Army is we don't train quite as often."

454th Replacement Regulatory Detachment
 
(Source: Frankfurt Chronicle, Sept 25 1986)
Street fightin' men
Urban battle plan challenmges reservists

by B.J. Rosenberg

The mission demanded that the 454th Replacement Regulatory Detachment, from Munich, move into the town, destroy sniper opposition and set up combat operations.

It didn't work out that. way.

When the smoke had cleared and the "casualties" had been counted, only three of the 17 reservists survived. The rest were "killed" by the enemy, 10 infantrymen assigned to the 21st Replacement Battalion at Rhein-Main Air Base, 454th's operational control unit.

Failure of the reservists to assault the main stronghold was the primary reason for their defeat, said 1st Sgt. Henry Morgan, Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 21st Replacement Battalion.

"The reservists had never had any training of this sort," he said. "So they weren't aware of the traps they walked into. For example, we camouflaged the windows and doors of the buildings with branches, sticks -- anything to obstruct vision and movement. We laid booby traps and grenades. We also had a sniper position on the roof of the building we were guarding. This position probably caused the most damage to the reservists. As they came running out of the treeline, our man just picked them off."

The main point behind the exercise was to give the reservists a chance to operate under battlefield conditions, said Morgan. He and his men tried hard to simulate combat.

"We know all the tricks," he said. "A lot of my troops are 11 Bravos and this training is the only chance they'll get all year to practice their true job skills. They love it and put their hearts into it. It creates great training for the reserves and it helps us too."

Use of the Multiple Integrated Laser Equipment System added a touch of reality to the exercise, said 1st Lt. Debra Trumbull, training officer for the 454th.

"MILES hooks up to the rifle," she said. "It sends a laser beam in the direction the ammunition would travel. Each soldier wears sensors on his helmet and web gear. When a direct hit has been scored against him, a beeping confirms the casualty and that soldier is considered `dead.' What's so great about this is the evaluators don't have to go around shouting, `Hey, you're dead.' You can hear it yourself."

The 454th is the only Modified Table of Equipment in Europe, said Trumbull. This means the unit does not require additional support.
"We can and will pick up and move out on our own," said Trumbull. "We are the only reserve unit here ready to deploy. That's why this training means so much to us. We need to be able to defend and attack on our own. Our combat mission depends on it."

During combat, the 454th, with 34 soldiers, will be required to operate in a field environment, processing replacement troops for units close to or on the front lines.

"This military operation in urban terrain that we're doing today is only a test," said Trumbull. "Next week, we'll deploy to the field and do the whole mission, from start to finish, including processing some replacement troops."

The unit's two weeks annual training with the 21st is not the only experience soldiers get, said Morgan. Every weekend a month is spent sharpening the reservists' soldier skills.

"They do very well," he said. "They're a lot better equipped than most reservists, because they actually get a chance to use their skills."
Exposing unit soldiers to realistic training means a lot to Capt. Felipe Lopez, 454th commander.

"It's doubly important that our training conforms to conditions of the actual mission," said Lopez. "We're not regular Army and we don't get these opportunities very often. When we do, we make the best of them and learn from our mistakes, even though it may be embarrassing at times. Everything is a learning experience. The whole point is that we learn how to do it right -- something the 21st helps us to do."

Five adjutant general reserve units trained with the 21st this year, added Morgan.

"These soldiers have to learn how to operate in a field situation -- I mean with 24-hour security and perimeter guards," he said. "You don't adjust to these things overnight. There's a tot of fatique and overwork involved. But the best thing is finding out that you can do it and do it well."

Training under combat conditions is what Sgt. Carol Dunson, 454th, gained from the exercise.

"If we can't cope with this now, how will we be able to adapt on the battlefield," she said. "We'll know exactly what to expect so there won't be any surprises. We get more training being reservists in Germany than I think we would in the States. This makes me feel like I could function in combat. We have a big advantage by being here."

SSgt. Evgardo Vega agreed. "It's fun to do this recon stuff. The troops are getting smarter because all the equipment is high tech and they need to be able to operate it. The Army is more of a challenge now, for me, than it ever was. I've been out since 1983 and now I'm doing my reserve time. I figure it's a good way to get my 20.

"We're getting better all the time as a unit," he added. "Our people pick up knowledge quickly because they have to and because they're smart. Most of us have desk jobs - mind work. We're not your typical reservists. I guess you could call us the educated killers."

3747th USARF School
 
1961
(Source: Email from Peter Duston)
In September 1961, my pregnant wife and I headed for Germany for what became one of the adventures of our lives. I had been stationed in Germany between 1957 -1959 in the Regular Army and was transferred to the USAREUR USAR Control Group in July 1959 as I chose an overseas discharge. After six months hitchhiking around Europe I returned home to Massachusetts. During that time as it came out later, my military records went missing. Enrolling in college, I escaped being called up to active duty like all my old Army buddies during the various Cold War crises in the early 60's as established later due to my lost records.

We had planned to settle in Munich so I could attend the University of Munich where I had been accepted. Just prior to our planned departure, the Communists sealed the East German border on 13 August and began building what became known as the Berlin Wall. Our families were horrified that we would still be going to Germany and especially with my wife pregnant. They, like many, thought that WWIII was a possibility and we would definitely be in harm's way, especially worrisome because we were traveling on a shoestring with only one-way tickets and a few hundred bucks in cash - no credit cards in those days. We prevailed and flew out on the last "prop" flight to London because it was the cheapest way to get there. In London, we caught the late summer student train to Germany, again the cheapest way.

Settling in Munich, we quickly discovered that working and going to college was not as easy as it was back in Boston where I had been studying. I did get a job working for American Express in their bank near McGraw Kaserne, Southern Area Command Headquarters. Problem is, the pay was very low and the work week - 6 days, allowed no time nor money for college and besides, a baby was on the way.

As an inactive reservist, I knew I had to report my change of address, especially since we were out of the country. Checking in at the McGraw gate, no one really knew what I was talking about until one of the MP's suggested that there was a Reserve Affairs Officer in a nearby building and let me sign in. I met a MAJ Bachman, the Reserve Affairs Officer who also was the Unit Administrator for the Munich USAR School. I left his office a new member of the staff with a new DMOS of 71L (clerk).

The unit met one night weekly for drill and I learned what the mission of the School was. The school taught the Intelligence officer basic and advanced course and Command and General Staff (C&GS) to reserve officers of the area. At first, the regular jobs and duty assignments of the reserve officers was pretty hush-hush. Several were regular army NCO's who held reserve commissions from WWII or Korea. There was even one Major who was an active duty Corporal. As I discovered, they were all casualties of the Post-Korea RIF (reduction in forces) but were given a chance to serve out their 20 years as enlisted soldiers while still maintaining the commissions for retirement at their highest rank. Thursday nights were their chance to swap an NCO uniform for an officer one.

The instructors were clearly very knowledgeable about intelligence matters and after a time, I figured out their "real" assignments. A number of them were civilian intelligence personnel but obviously got their start as Army Intelligence Officers. The remaining staff included a reserve S-3 Officer, two reserve SFC's and me, the S3 Clerk. The NCO's were interesting. They were actually two German guys who had immigrated to the States as young men, were immediately drafted as all immigrating young men were and after their terms were up, returned to the homes in Munich. They stayed in the reserves and had worked their way up to E7. By returning to CONUS periodically, they maintained their "green card" status. One was finishing up his PhD in Bierology at the University of Munich so he could take over the family's brewery, the other ran his family's company. They were both "real" characters and introduced my wife and me to some great local activities mostly involving beer. I have no doubt that they stayed there until the inactivation of the school.

As for me, I had no uniform and the unit couldn't get me one because they were waiting for my records and an official assignment to the unit from the Control Group. I found a used one at the McGraw Thrift Store that was a poor fit but passed minimal inspection. My first one was a brown Ike Jacket uniform that was still authorized for reserves although the regular army had gone to the Army Greens in 1959. I got such static from the gate guards, etc. that I was able to find a used Green Uniform so that I fit in. I was a soldier again after vowing in 1959 at my active duty REFRAD, NEVER to have anything to do with the military again. Besides, the real incentive was the money and the chance to get American products at the PX and associate with English speaking Americans. My wife spoke no German and being pregnant and insecure wanted the social connection. As it turned out, we were not authorized PX or commissary as reserves so having a Green Uniform was important.

We got a tiny apartment near McGraw so I could walk to work and Martha could walk to the Kaserne. She was an Army Brat - her father a retired Colonel, so she was very comfortable on base. In fact, she got us signed up with the Service Club's community theater group called the Munich Community Players Months went by with no assignment orders and were we counting that money! Our situation was quite desperate - we even had to move just prior to our baby's birth the 2nd day of the German Christmas, 26 Dec 1961 and ended up in a horrible place. If it weren't for an old friend, Frau Luise Schenck and her family, I don't know what we would have done.

With 1962, however, things got better for us. First of all, our association with the Munich Community Players gave us our social connection, plenty to eat as we toured our shows to various bases in the SACOM area and invitation to American homes. Also at that time, one of the School's senior instructors, a COL Bell (I believe) discovered that in addition to fluent German, he learned that I was a Russian linguist - PMOS - 98G. We had a private meeting and he gave me an introduction to a "friend" of his. In a clandestine meeting in a private home, I was interviewed for one of several local hire jobs and was offered a security job with the American Committee for Liberation (of the Soviet Union from Bolshevism, Inc.), a supposed private American organization funded by Jack Heinz that operated Radio Liberty. RL broadcast western "news" to the Soviet Union in some 20-30 languages spoken within the USSR. The pay was much better than American Express and shorter work hours - we got US and German holidays off. Munich being very Catholic had many religious holidays so we had lots of days off. We were able to rent a better place to live for our new baby daughter. Besides, that with Munich Community Theater tours, we really got around with baby sleeping in the costume trunk back stage and always plenty of food to eat and leftovers to take home. One scary place we performed was at the Dachau Concentration Camp Base. The theater was the SS Guards Club, now a US NCO Club - lots of ghosts there. We were told that prisoners entertained the guards on that very stage to stay alive - I was glad to hear later that the US Army moved out of Dachau as it became clear their presence was not in keeping with the horrible war crimes perpetrated there.

Thursday evenings at the USAR School, I worked on training schedules, correspondence, setting up classrooms, preparing training aids and running the film projector for training films. I helped plan for the unit Annual Training (AT) to be held at the Intelligence School in Oberammergau. The big stress, however, was still no orders assigning me to the unit. Finally, the CO called me in and said that the IG was coming and I could not continue to train with the School due to lack of orders. Several TWIXes (cables) produced only my original enlistment record. I was very upset at being excluded and especially since we were counting on several months of pay plus two weeks of active duty pay for the AT.

 

SACom Ration cards issued to Peter
 
With my wife (the Colonel's daughter) pushing me, I got bold and wrote a letter to the President, our Commander-in-Chief. At that time, it was Kennedy. Little did I know that my letter would get action. My letter from Germany was dated June 5, 1962, the response from Major General Lambert, the Adjutant General was dated July 6, authorizing my assignment . Wow! Although the School was put out by my circumventing the chain-of-command, they were also pleased for me. I got my back pay which was enough for us to buy a cheap used VW. Were we happy! Every free moment, we were on the road exploring with baby Tracy Elizabeth snug in the well behind the back seat. Although we had missed the Oberammergau AT, I received orders assigning me to HQ, SACOM for two weeks and a stroke of luck got us ration and gas cards for a year. It seems that HQ, SACOM didn't know much about reserve activity in Germany and assumed we were PCSing in. We cherished those cards because it gave us access to the PX for diapers, the Commissary for baby food and most of all, cheap gas for our VW. Funny thing, though, as a reservist with the USAR School, I was not authorized any base privileges but as a civilian working for the "Committee" as we called it, we got PX cards - private organization? LOL.
 
Letter to JFK and Response from DoD
 

Working for the "Committee", I got to hear the latest and hottest news as it came over the "wire". There were confrontations in Berlin that made us nervous. In September 1962, President Kennedy was authorized to call up reservists and 1000's were activated. October 1962, we came very close to war over the Cuban Missile Crisis. I was right there reading the classified wire as it unfolded - scary stuff!

In the year that I worked at Radio Liberty, we were plagued by threats to our émigré staff, all representing the national "republics" of the USSR. The Ukrainians were most despised by KGB as they were the most nationalist and, of course, had seriously collaborated with the Germans during WWII. A Ukrainian staffer had been assassinated by a KGB agent coming to work with a cyanide pen. Others had threatening phone calls or were threatened by mail and on the street including threats to their families. We had to brief them on OPSEC and how to keep themselves and their families safe.

A number of times, East Bloc agents tried to infiltrate the Station with fake stories and ID's. We had one German staffer (the Germans made up most of the technical staff operating the recording and broadcasting equipment) defect to the East and we were to read his expose in a DDR Newspaper about the American Spy Radio in Munich. The Russian and other Soviet nationalities made up the broadcast staff organized by national "desks" and the few Americans made up the administration. The Russians served as senior leadership for the émigré staff and were mostly older - some refugees from the Bolshevik Revolution but could they play volleyball - it was like a national sport with them. Lunch time if the weather was good, there would be a serious volleyball game out in the compound yard.

The compound, by the way, was the terminal building of the old Munich Riem Airport out on the Oberwiesenfeld with security fences surrounding it. My desk was in the former lobby where Hitler met Mussolini in his first State Visit. The War knocked out the airport and a new airport was built. Due to the large area involved, it became a dumping ground for demolition debris from the war damaged city and there were huge "trash" mountains in the area around the RL Headquarters a few with walking paths on them. The story was that the "Freiheits Sender" as the Germans called Radio Liberty had hired former Nazi propagandists as expert broadcast programmers in the early days?

Since I was in security, I was privy to information regarding security "threats". We knew where the various East Bloc "operatives" hung out and checked out the Hungarians at their favorite rendezvous in the P1 "Pay-eins" restaurant next to Hitler's favorite Haus der Kunst, art museum. These guys were dressed in ill-fitting suits and did not fit in the sophisticated café at the modern art museum - what a joke they were. The KGB were much more secretive and I never saw them, only their low level operatives trying to gain entrance to the Committee Compound at Oberwiesenfeld.

In February 1963, the Committee offered me a job at the transmitter site on the southern coast of Spain. From there, the powerful transmitters had a clear shot up the Mediterranean into the Soviet Union and at the time, RL's transmitter was considered the most powerful short-wave transmitter in the world. From all reports, life at the transmitter site was idyllic - a Mediterranean beach. We were tempted but I knew I had to finish my degree and it wasn't to happen in Munich. We returned to the States and I was transferred from the Munich USAR School to the Control Group, Ft. Devens, MA. Within a few months, I had found the 1030th USAR School at the Boston Army Base and served there for a number of years while working and studying Slavic Studies at Boston University - my dream was always to get back to Munich.

In 1970, I was attached to the 10th Special Forces Group as a reservist teaching them survival Russian and working as Assistant Director of Admissions at Boston University. Taking a leave of absence and with my contacts back in Munich, I pulled off an Annual Training with my old Munich USAR School at the Oberammergau Intelligence School. With my advance travel pay for a first class ticket, I managed to get a family fare for my wife and three children to accompany me. We rented a VW Bug and drove to O'gau where I signed in at the Kaserne. My family was staying with old friends in town - the Seeboeck family had been friends since my active duty days in 1958-60. They were sweet people and gave up their own bedroom for my family.

1970 was the summer of the world-famous Passion Play held every ten years and the town was over-flowing with visitors. I was in the barracks for the duration. The Unit conducted two week AD phases of the usual Intelligence Branch and C&GS courses as well for active and reserve officers mostly with ASA (Army Security Agency) and Army Intelligence (AI) MOS's as I recall. The big excitement was torrential rains that created a flash flood of the Ammer River through the town and valley. The River came up at least 9 feet very quickly. I got back to my family with the VW and waded out of the house carrying my children. The VW, able to float like the commercials showed drove out with water a foot above the running boards. We had put as much furniture up in the house as possible and we had the 90 year old grandmother up on a dresser. I waded in with two German soldiers with a rubber raft and we managed to get the "Oma" down off the dresser into the boat and float her to safety. The USAR School and Intelligence School Personnel were all over town rescuing stranded residents and visitors. Some of the Seeboeck family lived on higher ground but with the power out, it was cold. I managed to get some blankets from the base for them. The Kaserne was up the mountain so was on dry land. Dozens and dozens of refugees were transported up the mountain for several nights shelter in the base gym. It was quite a sight with literally hundreds of nuns and priests wrapped in US Army blankets.

The Passion Play attracts a huge following of Catholics from around the world as an act of pilgrimage. I got rooms at the nearby Army hotel in Garmisch for my family where they stayed until after my AT was finished. The Army had and still has today recreational facilities in Garmisch although most have been turned back to the Germans. A new resort has been built there called Edelweiss where my wife and I have taken our grandchildren on vacation a couple of years ago. Again, our AT that summer gave us access to a book of cheap gas coupons for our VW. We spent the rest of the summer in Germany and on the island of Majorca all thanks to my connections with the Munich USAR School.

So the summer of 1970 was my last connection with the Munich (3745) USAR School. Subsequently, I served with the Boston (1030) USAR and the Portland (1034) (ME) USAR Schools while a reservist years later. I resigned my MI reserve commission in 1974 in Boston , disillusioned by the military at the end of the Vietnam War and went off to Maine with the back-to-the-land movement. In 1985 while teaching in NH, I was recruited by the Army Reserve into an infantry training company with the 76th Division as an E5 SGT teaching weapons and combat skills in basic training. Later I was an instructor with ROTC cadet summer camp and finally retired at age 60 as a MSG and reserve senior instructor at West Point where I was, among other duties, the "Top" for cadet basic training.

When my retirement orders came down, I was retired as a 1LT, my highest rank, however, E8's make more than O2's so it took me two years to get the higher pay. I am retired as a 1LT but paid as an MSG so my friends on the Honor Guard I continue to serve with call me the only Master First Lieutenant in the whole US Army.

 

MSG Peter Duston, bugler, Honor Guard, 101st ARW
 

I wear my Blues on a regular basis now at age 73 serving as a bugler with the Air Force's Honor Guard of the 101st Air Refueling Wing, Bangor, ME. Last week, I did three funerals, folding and Taps at one, Taps at another and firing at the third for a retiree service. Because I have both MSG and 1LT uniforms, I wear my light weight NCO uniform in the summer and my old 100% wool LT uniform in the winter for warmth - standing in the snow in a cemetery in Maine is no laughing matter. They all get a big kick out of my persona changes. Moreover, I have a great photo of me wearing a Soviet uniform as Major Pavlov, a military exchange officer presenting "Threat" briefings to basic training soldiers during the late 80's and early 90's at Ft. Campbell and Ft. Benning. It must be the uniform that has kept me in the military! Hehehhehe!

 

"MAJ Pavlov" of the Soviet Army
 
In closing, I will be back in Munich to reminisce in late August this year with my wife and two grandchildren to meet their Mom coming in from Kuwait for her mid-deployment leave - the grandchildren live with us while their Mom is gone for a year - she's a combat flight medic with the Army National Guard. McGraw is gone, of course but I'll visit the location and tell them stories of those "hot" days of the Cold War if they choose to pay attention.

 
(Source: Augsburg Scene, July 1992)
3747th USAR Forces School begins training program here

Just recently moved from McGraw Barracks in Munich to Augsburg's Reese Kaserne, the 3747th US. Army Reserve Forces School has begun its 1992 Summer session in June. The school, which is part of the 7th Army Reserve Command, provides MOS and career development training for enlisted Reserve soldiers and various career development courses for both Active and Reserve officers.

Currently, PLDC, BNCOC and ANCOC (Common core and selected MOS specific), 31C, 54B, 71L, 76Y, 88N, Battle Staff NCO Course, Combat Lifesaver Course and the Instructor Training Workshop are planned for fiscal year 93.

Also offered here is the European CGSOC program which parallels that of the resident course at Ft. Leavenworth; it usually takes three years to complete the six phases. Of the over 150 students enrolled in CGSOC in Europe, about two-thirds are active component. Staff and faculty personnel are all reservists.

USAR Military Intelligence Group, Europe
 
(Source: 7th ARCOM website, 1998)
United States Army Reserve Military Intelligence Group Europe
UNIT HISTORY

The United States Army Reserve Military Intelligence Group (MIG), Europe boasts a relatively short but distinguished period of service. The "MIG" has been headquartered in Heidelberg, Germany since its formation on August 20, 1983.

It was initially designated the United States Army Reserve Military Intelligence Detachment with the headquarters element located in Heidelberg, and separate elements in Munich (Detachment 1), and Berlin (Detachment 2) respectively.

The unit's original mission was to support the Special Security Office, both of the United States Army Intelligence Center Europe (USAICE), and the office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence, (ODCSI), USAREUR. It provided analysis, collation, production and dissemination of intelligence products as part of the All Source Analysis Center, (G2); and conducted training in intelligence liaison between the USAICE, and elements of the Allied Command Europe.

Initial organization of the various elements was the first order of business for the MIG. In October 1983, Detachment 1 held its first drill in the Reserve Center Office, at McGraw Kaserne in Munich, Germany. The "Munich Det" initially involved itself with a temporary mission to analyze the Rear Area Threat to NATO Forces and develop countermeasures based on in-depth studies of historical and contemporary scenarios. Along with this, the detachment continued to participate in numerous exercises with the Heidelberg element. In October 1988, Detachment 1 was absorbed into the headquarters and began drilling in Heidelberg.

Upon activation, Detachment 2 held its first drill 120 miles behind the Iron Curtain in the occupied city of Berlin, surrounded by the German Democratic Republic. Because of its limited access with Heidelberg, Detachment 2 was relegated to the operational control of the Office of Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence, United States Command Berlin (ODCSI, USCOB).

Between January 1984, and January 1989, the "Berlin Det" performed operational intelligence functions for the ODCSI, USCOB. Some of its projects were; counterintelligence support to the Berlin Brigade ARTEP's, Intelligence Information Reports and Intelligence Photographic Reports on Terrorist/Extremist Groups, and an analysis of avenues of approach into West Berlin.

In January 1989, the role of the Berlin Det was redefined by USCOB. The element was challenged to plan, research, develop, and conduct an extensive five-day exercise. This exercise simulated an interrogation operation, complete with scenario, role players, secure communications, and a tactical operation center. The final product was viewed as a huge success and the professional reputation of the Detachment assured.

However, with the fall of "the wall" and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, the mission of the Berlin Detachment was again reviewed and consequently, realigned within its own headquarters. Noteworthy is the fact that during the past decade, the Berlin Det has supported exercises within the "zone" of Berlin proper; specifically, the Allied Forces Berlin, multinational exercise, DIAMOND TRIAD.

As with the detachments, the headquarters in Heidelberg also experienced changes in its mission and functions. Early in its existence, the unit supported the Production Division of ODCSI, USAREUR. The element researched and produced country and area studies; such as, Rail Transportation in Poland and a Counterintelligence Estimate of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Then, late in 1987, the MIG was formally tasked with a new mission: to support ODCSINT, USAREUR with Intelligence Support Elements (ISE) to NATO organizations.


The ISE concept provided the MIG with new challenges. It required the unit to understand NATO force relationships and structure, contemplate additional threat forces, and train to standard on new communications and automation equipment. Upon mobilization, the ISE's mission would be to deploy with NATO force headquarters providing liaison with Headquarters, USAREUR via secure intelligence COMMS channels. Each ISE consisted of four to six personnel earmarked to support specific NATO operations. The geographic area of interest extended from Norway to Italy, England to Turkey, and all NATO headquarters in between. In March 1989, Exercise CRESTED EAGLE was the first full unit employment of the ISE concept and it proved to be extremely successful.

Over the past several years, the MIG has participated in many exercises within USAREUR. Exercises like CRESTED EAGLE, ABLE ARCHER, WINTEX/CIMEX, CATUS JUGGLER, DIAMOND TRIAD, DYNAMIC FUTURE have tested the units ability to be assimilated into the active force structure with little preparation other than drill weekends. The results have been extremely positive; likewise the same conclusion resulted when rendering support to our Allies under the auspices of NATO Exercises. The MIG routinely supported AFNORTH, AFCENT, AFSOUTH, NORTHAG, CENTAG, LANDSOUTH, NAVEUR, under varied conditions in a variety of countries. These included Norway, Belgium, England, France, Italy, as well as Germany.

During CATUS JUGGLER '90, the unit was employed as the Opposing Forces in a computer simulation Command Post Exercise located at the Warrior Preparation Center, near Ramstein Air Base, Germany. The MIG portrayed the OPFOR so well, it was administratively "slowed" in order to accomplish the allied objectives of the exercise; a determination made by the senior Headquarters staff. The Berlin Det suffered the same success in DIAMOND TRIAD "89.

In DYNAMIC FUTURE '91, the deployed ISE's in Italy were integrated into the participating active components. The request for their continued support in future exercises was proof of their expertise and professionalism. These Exercises will continue to be a crucial test bed for training our soldiers in meeting the requirements of our customers well into the next decade.

Christmas-time 1995, brought activation orders for twenty-six members of the unit, who were activated to support the US effort in implementing the Dayton Peace Plan in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Commonly known as "IFOR" (Implementation Force) and more formally as Operation Joint Endeavor. The members of the MIG helped break new ground in the developing doctrine associated with deployment for "peace enforcement" operations.

Since that time the unit continues to provide follow-on personnel in support of this historic mission. When Operation Joint Endeavor evolved into Operation Joint Guard, members of the MIG were on hand to carry the torch forward, with many unit personnel still currently deployed in support of these continuing mission iterations.

In addition to the more publicized role of supporting operations in Bosnia, the MIG continues in its traditional role of providing up-front intelligence support to EUCOM, USAREUR, NAVEUR, SETAF, NATO, and Allied Command Europe's Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC). Twenty-three months ago the unit also asserted itself in the strategic environs, by providing continued operational support to Arms Control Programs in direct support of the On-Site Inspection Agency's Treaty Implementation Process. Note: The MIG provides INTEL support to its active duty parent organization USAREUR ODCSINT by performing force protection support, exercise support, and intelligence mission integration during drill weekends.

The Group also provides near year round analytical and research functions via the US Army Red Train program, to support the USAREUR Commanding General's Initiatives across the Theater's diversified area of interest.

Along similar lines it has been instrumental in the support of USAREUR's International Operations Division, providing desk officers for the Joint Contact Team Program, as well as Partnership for Peace Exchanges.


The USAR MIG, a subordinate unit of the 7th ARCOM (headquartered in Schwetzingen, Germany) continues to improve; enabling the unit to efficiently accomplish both its peacetime and wartime mission; all the while maintaining its high commitment to organization personnel. Every year the unit sends its soldiers to military training to improve on their individual development, and intrinsically the unit effectiveness. Personnel from the MIG routinely are the honor and distinguished graduates from professional development and MOS producing courses.


A winning mix of military and civilian traits are blended to achieve total integration in meeting the commander's primary intelligence requirements. In short, the full spectrum of talent, dedication, drive and initiative, are manifested in the accomplishments of the Military Intelligence Group, Europe.


Throughout its history, the Officers and Soldiers of the MI Group have continued to uphold the fine traditions of duty, honor, performance excellence, and success, that sets them apart from all others. The MIG will continue to accomplish its mission with pride as one of the best units the 7th Army Reserve Command has to offer.


The 7th ARCOM's motto of "ALL READY ALREADY HERE" exemplifies the unique capability to rapidly integrate the citizen-soldiers of Europe into the active force and the Military Intelligence Group, Europe will continue to carry that legacy well into the future.

Newspaper articles
 
(Source: TRAINING TIMES, March 1983)
Redesignation

US Army Reserve Affairs, Europe, a subcommand of 7ATC, has been redesignated as US Army Reserve, Europe. The title change reflects increased duties and responsibilities assigned by Commander, 7ATC.

Lt Col (P) C.V. Ford's title has changed from chief (USARAE) to commander (USAR-E).

 
(Source: TRAINING TIMES, May 1983)
New Reserve Unit

The first of the new US Army Reserve, Europe units, the 454th Replacement Detachment, is expected to be activated July 1 (1983). USAR, Europe is a subordinate command of 7ATC and located at McGraw Kaserne, Munich.

 
(Source: TRAINING TIMES, July 1983)
Reserve News

The US Army Reserve, Europe, a subordinate command of 7th ATC, announced recently that Department of the Army has approved establishment of four more USAR units in Europe in FY 83.

The units are:
HHC, 310th Theater Army Area Command, Rheinberg, Germany
2nd Hospital Center (Fwd), Burtonwood Army Depot, UK
8th Medical Brigade (Fwd), Heidelberg
a Military Intelligence unit with detachments in Heidelberg, Munich and Berlin (1)

These units are staffed by Army Reservists who live in Europe.

This brings to five the number of new European USAR units erstablished in FY 83, and a total of nine under the command of USAR-E and 7ATC.


(1) United States Army Reserve Military Intelligence Detachment, Heidelberg

 
(Source: TRAINING TIMES, August 1983)
Reserve Note

Col. C.V. Ford, commander, US Army Reserve, Europe, has departed for reassignment as Chief, Mobilization Division, Office of the Chief, Army Reserve. As the first commander of USAR-E, Ford was responsible for the establishment of five new USAR units in Europe, development of the support structure for USAR units, and the establishment of a Joint Uniform Military Pay Systems - Reserve Component input station in Munich.

His successor is Col. Carl Sica, presently the senior USAR advisor to the 1st Army, Fort Meade, Md.

 
(Source: TRAINING TIMES, August 1983)
C & GSC: Key to officers' career, future

by Frank Cox

MUNICH - Most company grade officers have a common goal; they all want to eventually hold the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Who doesn't?

A colonel's pay is better, there's more prestige and career opportunities increase.

But along with all the "bennies" comes the extra responsibilities: important decisions, leadership factors, tactical scope, logistics, financial management, security, field grade command and principle staff assignments . . .

So, to prepare for the big day, an officer needs to become qualified in those things a colonel does.

And the best way to get qualified is through the Command and General Staff College.

Unfortunately, most officers reading this are stationed in USAREUR, and are unable to attend the resident course at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

That's where U.S. Army Reserve, Europe and the C&GSC nonresident course come into play.

The course, according to the POI, is divided into six phases, each corresponding to an inactive duty training (IDT) or active duty training (ADT) period of instruction.

During winter months, the IDT period is instructed -- by USAR officers -- at prearranged areas throughout USAREUR. Persons enrolled in C&GSC are notified of when and where the IDT is to be taught.

An IDT period includes instruction on phases one, three and five to provide officers in those phases an equal chance to advance.

During summer months the ADT phase is taught. Reserve officers instruct from 64 to 76 hours during each two-week ADT period. Phases two, four and six are taught. But the ADT phase is only taught at one location: Munich.

Instruction at Munich is provided by either the 3747th USAR School (based in Frankfurt) or the 3745th USAR School (based in Munich).

The 3747th - the largest of all USAR schools - handles personnel assigned to V Corps, SHAPE and 21st Support Command areas. The 3745th instructs personnel assigned to VII Corps and Southern European Task Force (Italy).

Although labled a nonresident course, officers must attend the ADT phase full time, usually in a TDY status.
According to the POI, completion of one phase is a mandatory prerequisite for attending the next. And each phase is sequence essential.

To be eligible to attend C&GSC, reserve officers must be captain or above and have successfully completed a branch officer course prior to 1 Oct. 1983. Also required is a minimum of seven but not more than 18 years commissioned service upon enrollment. Active component requires eight and 18 years respectively.

(Source: TRAINING TIMES, November 1983)
USAR celebrates, continues to expand

Happy Birthday U.S. Army Reserve, it's your 75th.

An organization which is not well understood by many Americans, the USAR is the largest federal Reserve Component of our Armed Forces.

Its overall mission is to provide trained men and women capable of performing wartime missions as an integral part of the Total Army.

In Europe, the reservists -- and there are many of them -- get needed guidance and directives from a 7ATC subcommand: U.S. Army Reserve, Europe, McGraw Kaserne, Munich.

The USAR-E is responsible for command of all Army Reserve units assigned to the U.S. Army Europe, with the exception of one tenant engineer unit.

According to an Information Sheet produced by the USAR-E Executive Officer, Maj. James Meade, the Reserve Command in Europe consists of about 300 staff members and 700 students.

Meade says Headquarters, USAR-E serves as a command and control operation for subordinate reserve units. USAR-E is also responsible for reserve activities including the annual International Minuteman Competition.

Presently, USAR-E heads up nine reserve units in Europe. And, according to Meade, several additional units are expected to be established in 1984.

Two related USAR-E units are the 3745th (Munich) and 3747th (Frankfurt) USAR schools. Together, these two schools provide attending students with Command and General Staff College, officer advanced courses and enlisted soldier classes in Primary Leadership and MOS training. The two schools provide educational opportunities to students from within USAREUR, SETAF, AFCENT and SHAPE.

Two other USAR-E units with related missions are the 2nd Hospital Center (Forward), Burtonwood Depot, U. K. and the 8th Medical Brigade (Forward), Heidelberg.

With the expanding role of the Reserve Component comes a need for experienced personnel to fill empty positions. Soldiers who are considering leaving the service might note that their In Service Recruiter has all the details about Army Reserve opportunities.


(Source: Pillars & Posts, June 3 1988)
New training opportunities for reservists

The 7th Army Reserve Command, Heidelberg, is seeking Reserve officers and enlisted to fill eight new units being formed in Germany.

The Troop Program Units are Rear Area Operational Control (RAOC) groups. Six of the eight RAOCs will come under operational control, and be located in the vicinity, of active duty Army divisions in Bad Kreuznach, Frankfurt, Wuerzburg, Ansbach, Göppingen, and Garlstedt. The remaining two will be under OPCON of a corps and a Theater Army Area Command (TAACOM).

A RAOC's mission is to organize and coordinate battle in the rear area. "These soldiers are planners and organizers. They coordinate action in the rear with various combat, service and service support units," explained Col. Robert Dow of the 7th ARCOM. "This is a new concept - to have Reserves involved in this kind of operational planning in a forward theater," Dow added.

Each RAOC will have six officer and 10 enlisted paid Reservists in addition to the active component members. Their training schedule will resemble stateside Reserve units -- one weekend a month drill and two weeks a year annual training, with the probability of some exercise play in conjunction with AT.

HQ, 7th ARCOM, APO 09102
RAOC Units formed end of the 1980s/early 1990s

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
244th Support Center Stuttgart activated in Sept 1990; served as the VII Corps RAOC during Desert Storm
302nd Support Center (RAOC) Frankfurt activated in July 1988; a Reserve Divisional RAOC; supports 3rd Armd Div
303rd Support Center (RAOC) Würzburg activated 1987 (?); a Reserve Divisional RAOC; supports 3rd Inf Div (Mech)
305th Support Center Bad Kreuznach a Reserve Divisional RAOC; supports 8th Inf Div (Mech)
307th Support Center Garlstedt a Reserve Divisional RAOC; supports 2nd Armd Div (Fwd)
312th Support Center (RAOC) Ansbach activated Jan 16 1989; supports 1st Armd Div
??? Support Center Göppingen supports 1st Inf Div (Fwd)
314th Support Center Mannheim activated Sept 16 1990; supports 21st TAACOM
(incomplete)    

(Source: Heidelberg Herald-Post, March 8 1990)
Engineer unit moves

The 412th Engineer Command, Forward, a reserve unit, has moved from Hammonds Barracks, to the third floor of Building 4260 on Tompkins Barracks, said Maj Dale Bain, Chief of Personnel.

(Source: Heidelberg Herald-Post, May 31 1990)
7th Army Reserve chief gets star

The commander of the Heidelberg-based 7th Army Reserve Command became the first Army Reserve general to head an overseas Army Reserve unit when he was promoted to brigadier general recently.

Richard J. Dirgins received his star from USAREUR deputy commander Lt Gen John M. Shalikashvili in a ceremony at Sheridan Kaserne in Garmisch April 28.

The 7th Army Reserve Command is responsible for all active Army Reserve units in Europe. Dirgins has commanded the unit since 1987 and was deputy commander in 1986.

The 53-year-old Connecticut native has been a member of the Army Reserve program in Europe since 1964. In 1981 he was appointed commandant of the 3745th US Army Reserve School in Munich and in 1984 took over command of the 3747th US Army Reserve School in Frankfurt.

(Source: Heidelberg Herald-Post, March 18 1993)
Local employee commands Heidelberg reserve unit

A Heidelberg Department of the Army civilian took command of a local Army Reserve unit March 13.

Capt. Stephen Karstensen, a command analyst in the Force Management Division at Hq USAREUR, is the new commander of 7th US Army Reserve Comd.'s Hq Company.

He replaced Maj. Albert Gardner, who had commanded the company since 1990. In his new position, Karstensen commands approximately 150 reservists. He also assists the ARCOM commander in the planning, coordination and operation of administration and supply matters pertaining to the unit's reservists.


(Source: Heidelberg Herald-Post, Dec. 9 1993)
7th ARCOM moves to Tompkins Barracks

HEIDELBERG (7th U.S. Army Reserve Comd.) -- The headquarters of the 7th U.S. Army Reserve Comd. and the 4th Medical Bde. moved Dec. 6 to Tompkins Barracks, Building 4222, in Schwetzingen from a leased building and warehouse behind Famila Center near Leimen. (Webmaster note: The two units have been located at the Leimen facility since 1986.)

Some 47 full-time civilian and military personnel and 222 Reservists are affected by the move. They will occupy space previously used for billeting and storage by two local national services units, the 8951st and 8952nd Civilian Support Group, which have relocated to other facilities.

Originally announced for September 1993, the move was delayed two months by minor renovations to the building's interior and the installation of additional electrical circuits. An ARCOM spokesman said, "the facility is inhabitable now, although the working conditions will be a little primitive initially.

"Until the contractors finish rewiring, we're probably a couple of months away from having adequate telephone service and a local computer network," he noted. Using existing wires, 5th Signal Comd. has installed, about a dozen telephones scattered aongst the offices in the four-story building.

Both units will have new telephone numbers. Both units will share a number for faxes (facsimiles).

ARCOM sections are: Headquarters command group; Hq Co.; operations; personnel; and finance.

The military mailing address for the two units remains unchanged. It will continue to be Unit 29238, APO AE 09102.

Their new civilian address, however, is Tompkins Barracks, Schwetzinger Strasse, Geb. 4222, 68723 Schwetzingen.

The 7th ARCOM is the peacetime command and control headquarters for some 23 units and more than 900 soldiers located throughout Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. These units support the U.S. Army Europe with military intelligence, aviation, transportation, operational, logistical, educational and medical services.

Tompkins Barracks honors Pfc. George C. Tbmpkins, a member of the 39th Infanry Regiment, 100th Infantry Div., who received a Silver Star posthumously for his actions on April 3, 1945 near Heilbronn.

The barracks were constructed in 1938 by the German Army (Wehrmacht) and named Panzer Kaserne for its new cavalry, tank (Panzer) units.

Related Links
7th Army Reserve Command - official website