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V Corps
Seventh Army

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


V Corps History 

V Corps Artillery

Special Troops

84th Army Band

601st ASOC

Newspapers



 
V Corps History

Members of HQ V Corps Honor Guard, Gibbs Bks, 1955
(Source: The History of V Corps)
V Corps Commanders (after corps arrived in Germany in 1951 until the end of the Cold War)
 
June 1951 - August 1951
Brig. Gen. Boniface Campbell
 
August 1951 - March 1953
Maj. Gen. John E. Dahlquist
 
March 1953 - June 1954
Maj. Gen. Ira P. Swift
 
June 1954 - March 1956
Lt. Gen. Charles E. Hart
 
March 1956 - August 1957
Lt. Gen. Lemuel Mathewson
 
August 1957 - March 1959
Lt. Gen. F.W. Farrell
 
April 1959 - September 1960
Lt. Gen. Paul D. Adams
 
October 1960 - August 1961
Lt. Gen. Frederic J. Brown
 
August 1961 - May 1962
Lt. Gen. John K. Waters
 
May 1962 - July 1963
Lt. Gen. J.H. Michaelis
 
July 1963 - August 1964
Lt. Gen. Creighton W. Abrams
 
September 1964 - February 1966
Lt. Gen. James H. Polk
 
February 1966 - May 1967
Lt. Gen. George R. Mather
 
July 1967 - July 1969
Lt. Gen. Andrew J. Boyle
 
September 1969 - January 1971
Lt. Gen. C.E. Hutchin, Jr.
 
February 1971 - May 1973
Lt. Gen. William Pearson
 
June 1973 - August 1975
Lt. Gen. William R. Desobry
 
August 1975 - January 1976
Lt. Gen. Robert L. Fair
 
February 1976 - June 1977
Lt. Gen. Don A. Starry
 
July 1977 - February 1980
Lt. Gen. Sidney B. Berry
 
February 1980 - July 1981
Lt. Gen. Willard W. Scott, Jr.
 
July 1981 - May 1984
Lt. Gen. Paul S. Williams, Jr.
 
May 1984 - June 1986
Lt. Gen. Robert L. Wetzel
 
June 1986 - January 1987
Lt. Gen. Colin L. Powell
 
January 1987 - March 1987
Maj. Gen. Lincoln Jones III
 
March 1987 - July 1989
Lt. Gen. Kohn W. Woodmansee, Jr.
 
August 1989 - November 1990
Lt. Gen. George A. Joulwan

(Source: Accessed from V Corps - official web site, 2003)

Unit History (3+ MB; PDF)
 

 
1951 
(Source: Several issues of the STARS & STRIPES from August 1951)
Members (350 EM and 100 officers) of V Corps Headquarters; Hqs Co, V Corps; V Corps Artillery; and Hq Btry, V Corps Arty arrived on board the transport Gen G.M. Randall at Bremerhaven POE on August 2, 1951. Maj Gen John E. Dahlquist, V Corps CG and Brig Gen Boniface Campbell, V Corps Arty CG were among those debarking the transport at Bremerhaven.

Advance elements of the corps had already arrived in June by air to make arrangements for the arrival of the corps headquarters.

V Corps hqs will temporarily operate out of the Grand Hotel in Bad Nauheim, about 25 miles north of Frankfurt.

V Corps Arty headquarters will be located at 22 Ludwig Ring (now Ludwigstrasse?), also in Bad Nauheim.

Troops will be billeted in requisitioned hotels.

 
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, September 28, 1951)
The first field test for V Corps after its arrival in Europe was the three-day, French-led (French 1st Army) "Exercise Jupiter," a field exercise held along a 80-mile stretch of the Rhine River between Karlsruhe and Mainz.

The participating V Corps forces, with 45,000 troops, included 1st Inf Div and the 2nd Armd Div and attached engineer and artillery units.

The war games included an assault crossing of the Rhine River by both American and French forces. 1st Inf Div made the assault crossing by boat from two separate points near Worms and 2nd Armd Div then crossed over two bridges built by the 547th Engr (C) Bn, 552nd Engr Ponton Bridge Co, and the 109th Engr (C) Bn. (French forces - French II and I Corps - crossed at five bridgeheads on the north and south flanks of V Corps respectively.)

(Webmaster note: photos of the 2nd Armd Div units during the FTX show (at least some of ) the tank battalions still equipped with Sherman tanks.)

(Source: Author's private collection)

HQ V Corps
Gibbs Bks

 

1. HQ V Corps trucks

2. HQ V Corps motor pool

3. HQ V Corps motor pool


4. HQ V Corps motor pool

5. Gibbs Bks

6.
HQ V Corps motor pool
 

7. Field exercise

8. Bivouac

9. Field exercise

 

1954
(Source: Seventh Army Annual History)

V Corps Organization, June 1954 (Walter Elkins)

 
1960
(Source: Photo books given to Sp5 Thomas J. McDougal, Hq/Hq Co, 32nd Sig Bn, 1960)

Sp5 Thomas McDougal served as Senior Staff Photographer in liaison to the Information Section, Hqs, V US Corps, from Jan 1959 to June 1960. Besides several letters of appreciation from officers at V Corps and 32nd Sig Bn, McDougal was presented with two photo books containing copies of photos that he took during his tour with the HQ V Corps IO. Only a few are presented below.

V Corps
Frankfurt

 

1. V Corps ceremony in front of IG Farben Bldg (KB)

2. 69th Engr Co (Topo) barracks (KB)

3. Soldiers load Christmas presents for German children in front of 109th MP Pltn barracks (KB)


4. 4th Trans Co (MH) Mohave helicopters (KB)

5. Sp5 McDougal next to his jeep during a V Corps field exercise (KB)

 

 
1964
(Source: Norm Newhouse)

HQ V Corps, June 1964
 
I still have a 4 piece copy of the large desk pad from V Corps 1964 on my desk. Creighton Abrams is CG.

NOTE: The image was too large to try to display it as one image. So I have created an 800x660 image (click on thumbnail) that is divided into hotspots. By clicking on the desired headquarters section a large resolution snippet will be displayed with the organizational information. Or, you can just click on the desired section as listed below.

  Commanding Generals' Office (incl. Secretary)
  Judge Advocate Section
  Public Affairs Section
  Inspector General Section
  Asst Chief of Staff, G1
  Asst Chief of Staff, G2
  Asst Chief of Staff, G3
  Asst Chief of Staff, G4
  Adjutant General Section
  Chaplain Section
Headquarters Special Troops
Finance Section
Provost Marshal Section
V Corps Artillery
Aviation Section
Chemical Section
Medical Section
Ordnance Section
Quartermaster Section
Signal Section
Transportation Section
Emergency Numbers

 
1966
(Source: FM 100-15 Change 1, Field Service Regulations, Larger Units, March 1966)

Type Corps, FM 100-15 C1
 
The Type Corps organization shown on the left represents an example of how a corps could be tailored (in the mid 1960s) for combat on a large landmass such as Europe when serving as part of a US Army Field Army (Seventh Army).

The corps is a task force of combined arms and services with a composition that is not fixed. Some units (such as the HHC and the Sig Bn) are habitually assigned to provide the means needed to facilitate command and control. The Field Army assigns or attaches other units to the corps. The type and number of troop units assigned or attached to the corps are based principally upon the corps mission, the characteristics of the area of operations, the availability of units, the enemy situation, and the type of opertations contemplated.

In Europe during the mid-1960s, V Corps performed a peacetime mission and was organized with the following units:
 
V CORPS ORGANIZATION - 1966
V CORPS
HQ Company Corps HQ/HQ Company, V Corps IG Farben Bldg, Frankfurt
ASA Bn Attached 319th ASA Bn ? (507th ASA Gp) Rothwesten Ksn, Kassel
FASCOM Units in support
Corps Support Bde 2nd Support Bde Hutier Ksn, Hanau
MP Bde elements 709th MP Bn (15th MP Bde) Gutleut Ksn, Frankfurt
Trans Bde elements 181st Trans Bn ? (107th Trans Bde) Turley Bks, Mannheim
Ammo Bde elements 15th Ord Bn (Ammo) (57th Ammo Bde) Gutleut Ksn, Frankfurt
Medical Bde elements 31st Med Gp (7th Med Bde) Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
Corps Artillery  
HQ/HQ Company HHB, V Corps Artillery Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
FA Tgt Acq elements Btry A, 1st Bn (TA), 26th Arty Fiori Bks, Aschaffenburg
Btry B, 1st Bn (TA), 26th Arty Francois Ksn, Hanau
Btry C, 1st Bn (TA), 26th Arty Ludwig Ksn, Darmstadt
Avn Btry Corps Arty Btry F, 26th Arty Cambrai-Fritsch Ksn, Darmstadt
FA Groups 36th FA Group Babenhausen Ksn, Babenhausen
42nd FA Group QM Depot, Giessen
212th FA Group Fliegerhorst Ksn, Hanau
Signal Bn 32nd Sig Bn McNair Bks, Höchst
Aviation units 66th Avn Co (Corps) Gibbs Ksn, Frankfurt
Engineer units 37th Engr Gp (Cbt) Pioneer Ksn, Hanau
Engr Co (Topo)
Air Defense Artillery 10th AD Group (32nd AADCOM) Ludwig Ksn, Darmstadt
Divisions 8th Inf Div Rose Bks, Bad Kreuznach
  3rd Armd Div Drake Ksn, Frankfurt
Armored Cav Regt 14th Armd Cav Regt Downs Bks, Fulda
MI units 205th MI Detachment (Corps) 3804 Ksn, Frankfurt
The above list is not complete. I will update periodically as I gather more details.

 
(Source: OPLAN 33001, Parallel History Project on NATO and Warsaw Pact web site)

V Corps GDP Sector, 1982
 
V Corps war planning document, Operations Plan 33001 (General Defense Plan), became effective on January 1, 1981 and served as the basis of action for V Corps to lead the defense within Central Army Group (CENTAG).

The plan consists of two parts, the so-called basic operations plan (OPLAN) and the relevant annexes. The OPLAN includes missions, goals and operational structure to defend CENTAG; detailed instructions for V Corps and its assigned combat and support troops; as well as general orders for cooperation and joint actions with other NATO forces.

The annexes refer to the operational structure of the corps, boundaries of corps and divisions areas for defense operations, guiding principles for conducting operations and ensuring implementation of orders. They also include guidelines for the use of nuclear weapons and chemical agents.

In addition, there are plans for outside reinforcements to V Corps.

 
1987
(Source: Ruck It Up, The Post-Cold War Transformation of V Corps, 1990-2001, by Charles E. Kirkpatrick)

V Corps, 1987 (Ruck it Up)

 
84th Army Band
 
(Source: Email from James Rogers)
The 84th Army Band was the regimental band of the 14th Armored Cavalry, for how long I don't know. However, as a flute and piccolo player in that band (1953-54), I can say with some conviction that the 84th Army Band was stationed at Fulda, Ludendorff Kaserne, while I was there, and not in Wildflecken (as stated in the 7th Army Troop List, June 1956).

The troops thought we had it made, and they were right. Thanks for the opportunity to contribute.

 
(Source: Email from Bob Greco)

84th Army Band, 1956
 
I was in the 84th Army Band in 1956. Here is a picture of it then.
 

 
(Source: Email from Larry Roberts )
I was a musician with the 84th Army Band, stationed at Downs Barracks...Fulda...from 1964 to early 1966.
We were not at Wildflecken, as stated. The band at Wildflecken was the V Corps band.
 
The 84th was primarily involved in German-American relations...performing in concerts, parades and other special events all over Europe....such as NATO Taptoe, the 1000th anniversary of the city of Bremen, Fasching in Bonn, etc.
 
All in all, a great way to spend 2 years.

 
(Source: Email from Stephen Gilbert)
I was a musician stationed in Fulda with the 84th Army Band from the fall of 1964 to the spring of 1967. The email from Larry Roberts describes some of the activities of the band during that time, but one correction should be made, I think. There was no Band in Wildflecken during that time. The 84th Band was the V Corps band. It was stationed in Fulda so that it was central to the area in which V Corps units were stationed and was attached to the 14th AC for rations and billeting. The V Corps Headquarters was in Frankfurt at that time, and under the usual circumstances, the band would have been stationed there.

I remember Larry Roberts as a Tuba player with the 84th Band. I played the flute and Piccolo with the band for close to 30 months. I agree with him when he says that it wasn't a bad way to spend your military time.

I have returned to Fulda a few times since I left in 1967. The most recent visit was in 1998 when my mother-in-law died and my wife and I had to close out her estate. By that time, all of the American troops had long since left the area. The Downs Barracks are no longer used for military purposes. The kaserne has been converted into a complex for refugees from Eastern Europe. With the fall of the Soviet system, Germany allowed all ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe to return to Germany as a means of correcting the problems created for them by WWII. Most of the refugees were German in ancestry only; the vast majority couldn't even speak German. The Downs Barracks then became housing for them as well as a training center in which they learned German and obtained skills necessary to enter the German work force. In addition, shops were constructed in the buildings so that they can sell some of the wares they manufacture in the converted kaserne.

 
601st Air Support Operations Center (ASOC)
1967 
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, several articles in 1967)
On Oct 1 1966, Detachment 1, 601st Tactical Control Group (a 17th Air Force element) was activated in Frankfurt to provide direct air support to the Army's V Corps. The detachment operates the V Corps Direct Air Support Center (located at Bonames Army Airfield) which receives and processes requests from forward air controllers to scramble fighters (F-4C's, F-4D's, and F-100's) and reconnaissance aircraft (RF-4C's and RF-101's) in support of V Corps' infantry and armored elements.

Det 1 is stationed at Gibbs Barracks, Frankfurt, and is commanded by Col Edward W. Cutler. Gibbs is where the unit's administrative and control activities are performed. Most of the detachment's four officers and 62 airmen, however, work at the DASC at Bonames AAF - the center of operations for the unit.

Prior to the activation of Det 1 in October, there was one DASC unit in Germany with headquarters in Mannheim. That unit provided direct air support to 7th Army. In October 1966 that unit was then split into two detachments with each unit supporting one Army corps (Det 1, Gibbs Bks, Frankfurt - V Corps; Det 2, Robinson Bks, Stuttgart - VII Corps).

The DASC is the hub of a mobile communications network that reaches from the forward air controllers on the maneuver area battlefield to five US air bases in Germany and four US air bases in Great Britain.

Utilizing the concept of "rapid mobility", each DASC is capable of moving to the field with its respective corps headquarters during readiness tests, field problems and actual alerts. The mobile command center's numerous vehicles, portable operations shelters and self-contained power generators can be on the road in less than one hour.

Det 1 personnel work closely with V Corps' G2 and G3 sections. Within 10 minutes of receiving a request, the Det can plot target locations, determine type of air power and ordnance required, and scramble fighter or request recon aircraft via instant communications (UHF, VF and FM radio and radioteletype) with any of several Air Force bases in Germany and Great Britain.

1970  
(Source: Email from Paul Andreasen)
I am interested in more info (i.e. documents) and proof of the 601st DASS and DASC existance at Frankfurt! I was there from 1970-74.

Your dates are a little off on their closure/reassignment. I left there in Nov 1974 after being sent back from a cross training attempt into CCT, from which I was removed because of wounds received on Cyprus in June 74.

I was a ROMAD at the 601st DASS during all that time (Nov 1970 - Apr 1974, then back in Oct 1974 - Nov 1974), and when sent back to be reassigned to a stateside billet (after several months in hospitals) it was about Oct 1974. The unit, under commander Col. Christ, was still operational at Maurice Rose AAF, at Bonames. I left in the first week in Nov and no official word on unit changes had been received.

They Air Force has categorically denied, under requests placed through the FOI Act, that the 601st DASS and DASC at Bonames NEVER EXISTED. Only the 602, 603, 604 ever existed. ALL of my military records, (official archives, service assignments records, medical records, etc) no longer exist. I have a four year gap in my career that the AF refuses to even comment on, though I retired in 83 with 20 yrs uninterupted service.

The VA and Vandenbery AFB commanders have all tried to obtain data but have also been told no such data exists. I served several classified assignments from there that there is no record of, yet I know of 2 personnel from the 602nd who participated with me, that have those classified assignments documented on their DD-214's. Mine has NO assignment data other than retired at Vandenberg AFB with 2 yrs on station. NO assignments, NO awards, NO overseas credits (even though the archived service record shows a TS assignment to Pakistan from 67-68), no nothing.

So far that 4 year period is a figment of my imagination. I even have a re-enlistment statement during that time that says it was at an "unspecified" location and time!

I don't even have a picture of the squadron patch, though I was informed through an anonymous email that the name was changed around 1975 or so to the 601st ASOC, and later absorbed into the 4th ASOG.

1974 
(Source: Email from Robert Tyrrell)
I have been reading the history on the 601st TCW with some interest because I was in one of the units from 1974-1977. The 601st DASC at Maurice Army Air Field in Bonames Germany which was located on the north west side of Frankfurt. I hope the picture will be added to your history. The mug is about the only thing I have left from there other than the memories.



Speaking as if I were still there (1974-1977), we supported field exercises by the V Corps. We had HFSSB radio vans, microwave vans and expandable vans to use as control centers operated by pilots assigned to our unit. Basically the Army would call us for air support and describe the problem and our pilots would choose the aircraft and ordnance.

We also had quick response teams in MRC-107 jeeps that would go to the field with smaller Army units.

As far as an Air Force unit we all felt closer to are Army contacts as we seldom had any contacts with other Air Force units. Even the TCW had trouble finding our location. The location was Maurice Rose AAF, which had Huey's at the time. We all lived in Army housing in downtown Frankfurt; even single enlisted lived in a rented apartment downtown.

During my time there the (sp) "Baader Meinhoff gang" were active and trying to bomb military facilities in Frankfurt. There were two such happenings, one in the officers club (V Corps) and one in the "Abrams Building" (V Corps Hq). Interesting assignment that I was glad to be away from when I left .

(Webmaster note: the MRC-107 jeeps each each had a 500 watt HF radio for communications with the Direct Air Support Center; a UHF radio to communicate with the aircraft; and a VHF radio to communicate with the supported Army unit. In addition, there was a portable UHF radio and a generator.)

 
Newspaper articles
The Guardian - Some of the issues published while in Germany

1. The Guardian, May 1, 1953 (351 KB)


2. The Guardian, May 1, 1953 (303 KB)



       
 
ISSUES IN COLLECTION
DATE ISSUE HQS
Apr 24, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 17 Frankfurt missing all subsequent issues
May 1, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 18 Frankfurt
May 8 - 22, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 19-21 Frankfurt missing
May 29, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 22 Frankfurt
Jun 5 - Jul 3, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 23-27 Frankfurt missing
Jul 10, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 28 Frankfurt
Jul 17, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 29 Frankfurt
Jul 24, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 30 Frankfurt
Jul 31, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 31 Frankfurt missing
Aug 7, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 32 Frankfurt
Aug 14, 1953 Vol. 2, No. 33 Frankfurt missing all subsequent issues
 

 
Related Links:
75th RANGER REGIMENT ASSOCIATION - very nice website also includes LRRP units assigned to V and VII Corps
V Corps History - an excellent historical manuscript in PDF format can be downloaded from the official V Corps homepage. Good coverage of the Cold War years.