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7th Engineer Brigade
US Air Force Europe

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


Brigade History (1952-1956)

Brigade History
(1956-1991)

322nd Engr Avn Gp

923rd Engr Avn Gp

924th Engr Avn Gp

928th Engr Avn Gp

7329th Labor Service Unit

Related Links

SCARWAF Patch early 1950s

469th EAB

472nd EAB

801st EAB

843rd EAB

862nd EAB


 

Headquarters Building, 7th Engineer Aviation Brigade, Rhein-Main Air Base, early 1950s
 
7th Engineer Aviation Brigade
 
1952 - 1956
(Source: Synopsis of Command History, Jan - Jun 1953)
7th Engineer Aviation Brigade was a US Army unit until April 10, 1951 when it was transferred to the US Air Force.

The Brigade arrived in Germany on Sept 22, 1952.

The Brigade's mission in Europe was to construct temporary and permanent landing fields at Air Force bases to include runways, taxiways, dispersal and parking areas, hangars, operations towers, airfield lighting, and POL storage and distribution facilities for aircraft.

 
(Source: Email from Maurice "Jim" Doussard)

Rhein-Main AB, 1950
  I was a SCARWAF enlisted man stationed at Rhein-Main AB in 1953. We were headquarters company for engineers assigned to build airstrips in France and Spain. The only site I visited was at Chateauroux (Air Base), France.

At Rhein-Main we at first lived in quonsets adjoining one of the airstrips. Then, we moved to elegant two-story quarters that had been used by Luftwaffe pilots during WWII. We worked in a little town called Buchschlag (near Frankfurt am Main) in a beautiful castle-like structure to and from which we daily were bussed.
I have "found" only one colleague from my memorable days their, George Edgerton, then of South Dakota, then California and now retired in Arizona. Any help locating others in our unit would be most appreciated.

I have our brigade shoulder patch which consists of a white winged sword on a crimson field.
 

 

A LeTourneau Tournadozer ("T-dozer"), on the left, towing a road scraper through Poitiers
during the unit's relocation from Bordeaux to Chateauroux (866th EAB webpage)
 
(Source: US Army STATION LIST, 15 August 1953)
ORGANIZATION (Aug 1953) (1):

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
HHC, 7th Engr Avn Bde Rhein-Main AB, Frankfurt
   
UNITS IN GERMANY    
862nd Engr Avn Bn Rhein-Main AB, Frankfurt  
Company A Landstuhl AB  
Company B Bitburg AB  
Company C Spangdahlem AB  
   
UNITS IN FRANCE    
322nd Engr Avn Group Toul probably at the depot
924th Engr Avn Group Bordeaux where in Bordeaux?
469th Engr Avn Bn St. Nazaire  
Company B Bordeaux where in Bordeaux?
472nd Engr Avn Bn St. Nazaire  
821st Engr Avn Bn Dreux AB  
a Platoon Chateauroux AB  
843rd Engr Avn Bn (Concrete) Toul-Rosieres AB  
Company B Chaumont AB  
866th Engr Avn Bn (Quarry) Bordeaux  
359th Engr Avn Supply Point Bordeaux where in Bordeaux?
885th Engr Avn Maint Co Toul-Rosieres AB
947th Engr Avn Topo Det Toul
   
UNITS IN ENGLAND    
928th Engr Avn Group Colliers End Camp
801st Engr Avn Bn Molesworth  
803rd Engr Avn Bn Brize Norton  
Company A Greenham Common  
Company B Colliers End Camp  
Company C Molesworth  
804th Engr Avn Bn Greenham Common  
Company A Brize Norton  
817th Engr Avn Bn Molesworth  
620th Engr Avn Maint Co Molesworth
916th Engr Avn Supply Point Molesworth
(1) The list is probably not complete; I am pretty sure there were several labor service units attached to the 7th and possibly other smaller Army detachments

 
1954
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, Oct 27,1954)
SCARWAF . . . Special Category Army with the Air Force

In 1952, the 7th Engineer Aviation Brigade was alerted for overseas movement. The brigade arrived at Rhein-Main Air Base near Frankfurt in September 1952. On Sept 23, 1952, the 7th Engr Avn Bde was assigned to USAFE Headquarters. CO of the 7th Engr Avn Bde is Col Benjamin C. Fowlkes, Jr.

In Europe it serves as the consolidated headquarters for all engineer aviation units in Europe. The job of the engineer aviation battalions is to build the runways, taxiways, drainage systems, buildings, roads and fuel storage tanks that are necessary for a modern air base.

The Brigade is comprised of three engineer aviation groups (322nd, 924th and 928th) along with supporting battalions and supply companies. .

 
1955
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, May 6 & 8,1955)
A review was held at Rhine-Main Air Base on May 7 in honor of Col Benjamin C. Fowlkes, Jr., commander of the 7th Engr Avn Bde. Col Fowlkes is returning to the US for retirement. Col Oliver J. Pickard, formerly brigade vice-commander, will assume command of the 7th.

Taking part in the review were all units of the 7th Engr Avn Brigade as well as the 60th Troop Carrier Wing and the 12th Air Force Band. This event marked the first time that National and organization colors of all brigade units had been massed.

Honor guests at the review included:
Lt Gen William H. Tunner, USAFE commander-in-chief
Maj Gen Colby M. Myers, USAFE deputy chief of staff for installations
Brig Gen Charles H. McNutt, USAREUR engineer
Col Carl W. Meyers, USAREUR deputy engineer
Col Benjamin S. Shute, 7th Army engineer
Col Marvin C. Ellison, Northern Area Command engineer

 
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, Sept 20,1955)
Col William J. Leight has been named deputy for operations, 7th Engr Avn Bde at Rhine-Main Air Base. (Webmaster note: at some point in early/mid-1956, Col Leight must have been appointed temporary commander of the brigade when Col Pickard was reassigned to a US duty post. The new permanent CO, Col Rindlaub, would not arrive until Aug 1956.)

 
1956
(Source: Description on mug found at eBay.com)
Mug has the SCARWAF crest and is inscribed with the unit designation: 923rd EAG (923rd Engineer Aviation Group). The date on the mug: 1956

At the bottom rim lists several (subordinate) units: 7329TH LSU, 850TH EAB, 833D EAB, 818TH EAB and 862ND.
 
ENGINEER COMMAND
 
(Source: US Army STATION LIST, 15 March 1956)
ORGANIZATION (March 1956):

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
HHC, 7th Engr Avn Bde Rhein-Main AB, Frankfurt
Detachment 3 Toul, Fr.  
Detachment 4 Chaumont, FR.  
Detachment 5 Etain, Fr.  
   
UNITS IN GERMANY    
923rd Engr Avn Gp Ramstein  
818th Engr Avn Bn Landstuhl HHC & Med Det
Company A Phalsbourg, Fr.  
Company B Landstuhl  
Company C Sembach  
862nd Engr Avn Bn Rhein-Main AB, Frankfurt HHC & Med Det
Company A Hahn  
Company B Bitburg  
Company C Spangdahlem  
   
UNITS IN FRANCE    
261st Engr Avn Co (Fld Maint) Toul  
833rd Engr Avn Bn Toul (2)
850th Engr Avn Bn Bordeaux HHC, A, B, C Co; Med Det
     
UNITS IN ENGLAND    
928th Engr Avn Group Colliers End Camp
801st Engr Avn Bn Molesworth HHC, A, B, C Co; Med Det
803rd Engr Avn Bn Stansted HHC, A, B, C Co; Med Det
804th Engr Avn Bn Greenham Common HHC, A, B, C Co; Med Det
916th Engr Avn Co (Supply Point) Sealand  
(2) The 833rd is NOT Listed in the STATION LIST. A STARS & STRIPES article on March 5, 1956 mentions the 833rd as still located at Toul-Rosieres AB. My guess is that the battalion officially inactivated between the two dates (March 5 and March 31, 1956). At the same time, the Engineer Aviation battalions in Europe were reorganized as Heavy Construction battalions. My guess is that the inactivation of the 833rd was a result of the reorganization - with personnel of the 833rd transferred to various reorganized battalions as part of that effort.

 
(Source: Description on mug found at eBay.com)
Mug has the SCARWAF crest and is inscribed with the unit designation: 923rd EAG (923rd Engineer Aviation Group). The date on the mug: 1956

At the bottom rim lists several (subordinate) units: 7329TH LSU, 850TH EAB, 833D EAB, 818TH EAB and 862ND.

 
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, Aug 18,1956)
Col Bruce D. Rindlaub has been named CO of the 7th Engr Avn Bde at Rhine-Main Air Base. Rindlaub will replace Col William J. Leight. (Col Rindlaub currently serves as deputy commander, USAREUR Engineer Command.)
 
If you have more information on the history or organization of the 7th Engineer Aviation Brigade, please contact me.

 
322nd Engineer Aviation Group
 
(Source: Synopsis of Unit History, Jan - Jun 1954)
Mission: Construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance of airfields and other aviation facilities in support of Twelfth Air Force operations.

ORGANIZATION (First Half 1954):

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
322nd Engr Avn Group Landstuhl AB, Germany
821st Engr Avn Bn Dreux AB, France  
Company A Hahn AB, Germany  
843rd Engr Avn Bn Toul-Rosieres AB, France  
Company B Chaumont AB, France  
Company C Sembach AB, Germany  
862nd Engr Avn Bn Rhein-Main AB, Germany  
Company A Landstuhl AB, Germany  
Company B Bitburg AB, Germany  
Company C Spangdahlem AB, Germany  
7329th Labor Service Unit (Engr Cons) Landstuhl AB, Germany  

 
923rd Engineer Aviation Group
 
1956
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, March 5 1956)
The 923rd Engr Avn Group is located at Ramstein Air Base and is under the command of Col Robert W. Wood. The group supports the 12th Air Force.

Just recently, the 923rd GP and all of the engineer aviation units in Germany, France and the UK were transferred from Air Force control back to Army control. (Webmaster note: Based on information I have concerning unit histories of engineer aviation battalions under Air Force control, I believe that that transfer occurred on Feb 29, 1956. If anyone has details on that transfer, I would be very interested in hearing about it.)

Despite the transfer back to Army control, the mission of Engr Avn units in Europe remains as before - construction of air bases and performing major repairs as required by the Air Force. The units will also continue to be stationed at 12th AF air bases. Temporarily, rotations to the ZI (Zone of the Interior = continental US) will continue to be handled through Air Force personnel processing stations.

Some of the units attached to the 923rd at this time:
833rd EAB, Toul-Rosieres AB, France (CO is Lt Col Frank L. Humphrey)
850th EAB, Bordeaux, France (CO is Lt Col Ray G. Lawrence)

 
923rd EAG ORGANIZATION (1956):

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
923rd Engr Avn Group Ramstein AB
818th Engr Avn Bn Landstuhl AB  
833rd Engr Avn Bn Toul, Fr.  
850th Engr Avn Bn Bordeaux, Fr.  
862nd Engr Avn Bn Rhein Main AB  
7329th Labor Service Unit  

 
924th Engineer Aviation Group
 
(Source: Synopsis of Unit History, Jul - Dec 1953)
ORGANIZATION (Second Half 1953):

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
924th Engr Avn Group Bordeaux, Fr.
469th Engr Avn Bn St. Nazaire  
472nd Engr Avn Bn St. Nazaire  
866th Engr Avn Bn (Quarry) Bordeaux  
359th Engr Avn Supply Point Co Bordeaux

 
928th Engineer Aviation Group
 
(Source: Synopsis of Unit History, Jan - Jun 1954)
The first integration of Air Force personnel with SCARWAF Army personnel in 928th Engineer Aviation units occurred during this period.
 
ORGANIZATION (First Half 1954):

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
928th Engr Avn Group Colliers End Camp
801st Engr Avn Bn Molesworth  
803rd Engr Avn Bn Stanstead Mount Fitchet  
804th Engr Avn Bn Elvington  
817th Engr Avn Bn Chelveston  
620th Engr Avn Maint Co Chelveston
916th Engr Avn Supply Point Co Chelveston

 
469th Engineer Aviation Battalion / 850th Engr Avn Bn?
 
469th Engineer Aviation Battalion DI
 

 
472nd Engineer Aviation Battalion / 818th Engr Avn Bn
 
472nd Engineer Aviation Battalion DI
 
 

 
801st Engineer Aviation Battalion
 
801st Engineer Aviation Battalion DI
 
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, Sept 25, 1958)
801st Engr Bn Revamping Com Z Posts at Toul, Nancy

A major face lifting at two Com Z Advance Section posts by the 801st Engr Bn, of the 7th Engr Brig, in France on temporary duty, is nearing completion.

Cranes and bulldozers are beginning to pull out of installations near Nancy and Toul as the 801st goes back home to Zweibruecken, Germany, to start its fall and winter training period.

Work at Nancy
Lt Col Frederick M. Seymour, battalion CO, said there had been some normal delay in construction because of bad weather, but this was offset by a two-shift operation, and all projects were on schedule.

At Nancy Ordnance Depot a new system for storing vehicles and ordnance equipment was made possible by parking areas built along some of the depot's streets.

By placing these parallel to the street, vehicles were parked in more accessible positions and now are easier to maintain while in storage. Some of the streetside concrete parking stands are 1,000 feet long.

Thousands of tons of construction material went into the parking areas. A total of 108,000 square yards of handstand was constructed, including one, 40,000-square-yard bituminous handstand and one 23,000-yard concrete handstand, both at Nancy Ordnance Depot.

In addition, large bituminous handstands were built at Toul Engineer Depot and Jeanne d'Arc Casern.

Changing the scenery of military installations is nothing new for the 801st, which originally was stationed at Molesworth, England, and was engaged in air base construction and renovation of U.S. bases in the United Kingdom.

 
843rd Engineer Aviation Battalion / 833rd Engr Avn Bn
 

843rd Engr Avn Bn troops lower the US and French flags in a closing ceremony at
Chaumont Air Base, France in 1956 (Luther Lacy)
 

Battalion Yearbook (Luther Lacy)
(The company and platoon pages will be added at a later date)
 
(Source: Email from Luther Lucy)

Sp4 Luther Lacy
 
I served in 4th Platoon, Company "B," 843d EAB, 1954-55 at Chaumont, France, 1955-57; and subsequently with 801st EAB, RAF Station Molesworth, England.

I have photos of the trailer court under construction at Chaumont AFB, also a booklet on the history of 843d which includes photos of Battalion, Company and Platoons. Also, photos at Molesworth, construction of Hardstands and Runways for the B-36 Bombers (which replaced the B-29s).

Chaumont AB in France was home to the 48th Fighter-Bomber Wing. The 843rd was there to install a trailer court for officers and their families. We cut down and hauled off tree limbs, stumps, rocks and excess dirt. Did the grading for the trailers (made in Belgium). graded and black topped the roads. Concrete slabs in front of each trailer with a walkway to the road. A month or two after this work was done, we retire ourt colors and the base was turned over to the French.

843rd Engr Avn Bn
insignia
  Lou is looking for two to three original 843rd EBA crests -- at a fair price. If you know where to find some, please contact the webmaster.

 
862nd Engineer Aviation Battalion
 
862nd Engineer Aviation Battalion DI
 
1955
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, Feb 1, 1955)
The 862nd Engineer Aviation Bn at Rhine-Main Air Base is reportedly one of the US Army units with the longest records of continuous service in Europe. (Webmaster note: at this time, the distinction of the unit with the longest record probably belonged to the 1st Infantry Division in Würzburg, in Germany since 1945.)

The battalion has units at Hahn AB (Co A), Bitburg AB (Co B) and Spangdahlem AB (Co C). CO of the 862nd is Maj Donald E. Gillis.

The 862nd EAB is under the command of the 322nd Engr Avn Gp.

After service in England and France during WWII, the battalion became part of the occupation forces in Germany where it moved from station to station repairing former Luftwaffe airfields now in use by USAFE.

In 1949, the battalion provided support to the Berlin Air Lift by completing runway work and parking ramps at Rhine-Main. Elements of the battalion also served in France supervising construction at De Oles (sic) Air Base and Chateauroux Air Depot.

After the Air Lift the battalion was assigned to USAFE Headquarters.

Later the 862nd was involved in construction of fighter-bomber air bases in the French Zone.

The 7329th Labor Service Unit, attached to the 862nd for administrative and operational control, was the first engineer construction labor unit activated in USAFE. In 1954, the unit was assigned to the 322nd Engr Avn Gp.

 
1956
(Source: STARS & STRIPES, Feb 1, 1956)
In the early post-war years, the 862nd EAB was first stationed at Oberpfaffenhofen, and later at Fürstenfeldbruck, Lechfeld and Erding.

During the Berlin Air Lift, the battalion was spread out over several air bases - with elements at Berlin's Tempelhof, Rhine-Main and Chateauroux in France.

Currently, the battalion is commanded by Lt Col Carl George Anderson.

Headquarters and Service company is based at Rhine-Main and under the command of Capt R.J. Olson. Company A, under Capt Carroll A. Stairs, is located at Hahn Air Base. Company B is at Bitburg AB and is commanded by Capt Kurt G. Schramm. Finally, Company C. led by Capt Wilbert K. Ricard, is stationed at Spangdahlem Air Base.

The biggest single operation during last year's construction period (April to October) was a full battalion effort to build trailer parks at various air bases in France (part of the large "Operation Caravan" effort that also involved other EAB's). The battalion completed a 134-unit park at Laon, a 175-unit camp at Chambley and an 82-unit group at Chaumont. Sites for hundreds of trailers are needed in France to provide mobile homes to Air Force families in house-short areas of France.

 
7329th Labor Service Unit (Engineer Construction)
 

Book published in 1990
  Webmaster is looking for a copy of the book "Geschichte der Labor Service Units" which was published in 1990 (Röhricht Druck) and includes a history of Labor Service units that were assigned to the US Air Forces in Europe. The 7329th LSU is one of the units covered in the book.

If you have a copy, I would be interested in corresponding with you (auch auf deutsch).

 
(Source: The CE, Winter 2000-2001/Vol 8, No 4 - quarterly journal published by the Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency, Tyndall AFB, Fla - website)

Article, 2000
  Article on page 29 reviews the history and accomplishments of the USAFE Construction and Training Squadron as it celebrates its 50th anniversary in 2000. USAFE CTS is a successor to the original 7329th Labor Servce Unit established in 1950.

 
(Source: 86th Airlift Wing Public Affairs Office, USAFE website, accessed July 23, 2012)
9/9/2010 - RAMSTEIN AIR BASE, Germany (AFNS) -- The 7329th Labor Service Unit was established Sept. 8, 1950, at Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany, and consisted entirely of civilians.

Sixty years and several name changes later, the 435th Construction and Training Squadron now includes both civilian and military, and serves three primary missions for U.S. Air Forces in Europe.

"Just as our name implies, the squadron's main missions are construction and training," said Lt. Col. Michael Miller, the 435th CTS commander. "We have a team of 189 local nation civilians and 86 military experts who execute USAFE-wide support in three main areas: construction and repair of facilities and infrastructure, depot rebuild and installation of aircraft arresting systems, and civil engineer and force support squadron wartime task training."

The squadron completes about 20 projects per year, ranging from new construction to maintenance and repair.

Pivotal in the build-up of U.S. military bases in Europe, the 435th CTS helped build Spangdahlem AB, Sembach AB, Ramstein AB, and many other bases in Germany, as well as several throughout Europe, Africa and the Middle East.

"In the 1950s, there were 41 units like us to help rebuild Europe," said Reinhold Brückner, the 435th CTS deputy commander. "The 435th CTS is the only existing unit that is still in action today."

To help meet the training mission requirements, the squadron presently has a staff of 41 skilled instructors. The 435th CTS conducts three types of training: Silver Flag, mission essential equipment training and specialized training.

"Silver Flag is about preparing engineers for contingencies, whether peacetime or wartime," said Capt. Patrick McVay, the USAFE AAS depot and civil engineer contingency training flight commander. "It's also an opportunity for the trades to get together to see what the other guy does."

Along with Silver Flag, the squadron conducts specialized fire rescue training.

According to Captain McVay, all of the training given by the 435th CTS helps to prepare the force support and civil engineer career fields, except explosive ordnance disposal, for what they may face during overseas contingency operations.

"Quite often it's the only chance students have to operate with their equipment and each other before they deploy," he said. "We try to make the training as immersive as possible, so that one, what we teach them sticks, and two, because it gets their head in the game and allows them to fully absorb it."

Another central element in the 435th CTS mission is the Aircraft Arresting System Depot, which was adopted by the squadron in 1971 as the Air Force's only all-military depot.

"The AAS catches, or safely stops, fighter aircraft during an in-flight emergency," said Master Sgt. Fransisco Hernandez, the 435th CTS AAS Depot superintendent. "The system comes in a set of two, one for each side of the runway, with a cable in between. As soon as the aircraft hits the cable, or tape as we call it, it pulls on the tape and creates higher pressure on the hydraulics system which puts more pressure on the brakes and safely slows (the aircraft) down at a steady pace."

The squadron owns more than 35 permanent systems and about six mobile systems. The mobile systems are used to support joint, NATO and U.S. European Command exercises.

The Ramstein AB depot is one of just three in the Air Force.

As the 435th CTS hits its 60th anniversary, the squadron will celebrate by holding several events to commemorate their legacy of service.

"It's amazing to still be here," Mr. Brückner said. "We are very glad to be the only unit that's still alive after the Second World War from the original 41 units."

This is a sentiment that's felt throughout the squadron as they press on with future challenges.


Related Links:
821 Engineer Aviation Battalion - SCARWAF unit in France, 1953-54 (BROKEN LINK)
817th Engineer Aviaition Battalion - SCARWAF unit in the UK
866th Engineer Aviation Battalion - SCARWAF unit in France
322nd Engineer Aviaition Group - an autobiography by CW4 William J. Auell (322nd EAG story starts in the chapter titled "Anyone Thirsty").