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4th Transportation Battalion

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


Battalion History 








SUBORDINATE UNITS
SUBORD UNIT
STATION
CTRY
SUBORD UNIT
STATION
CTRY
10th Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
109th Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
11th Trans Co
Böblingen
GE
Karlsruhe
GE
15th Trans Co
Nellingen
GE
396th Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
32nd Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
Augsburg
GE
62nd Trans Co
Karlsruhe
GE
533rd Trans Co
GE
590th Trans Co
Ludwigsburg
GE
Battalion History
1945 - 19..
4th Trans Bn DUI (1950s-60s?)

4th Trans Bn DUI (approved Feb 1, 1968)
(Source: 4th Transportation Battalion History , PAO, 4th Trans Bn, around 1980, and online Unit History)
At the end of the World War II, the 4th Quartermaster Battalion was in Leipzig, Germany, but was moved to Munich and given a depot clearance mission.

For its wartime accomplishments, the unit was awarded five battle streamers representing the Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, and Central European campaigns. These streamers are carried on the colors today.

The battalion was temporarily inactivated in March 1947, after being converted to the Transportation Corps.

It was reactivated on Okinawa in June 1949, but inactivated one year later.

Final activation came at Fort Eustis, Virginia on 20 November 1950 when the battalion was allotted to the Regular Army. It remained at Fort Eustis until Operation GYROSCOPE brought it back to Germany in 1956. The 4th Battalion would rotate to Ludwigsburg, Germany, to replace the 27th Transportation Battalion, which would return to the US and be stationed at Fort Eustis. An advance planning group of the 4th Battalion arrived in Europe on 15 November 1955.


The main body of the 4th Trans Bn left Fort Eustis on 6 April 1956. Arriving in Germany, the Bn was assigned to Flak Kaserne in Ludwigsburg and attached to the 10th Transportation Highway Group. From that time until its inactivation at the end of the Cold War, the battalion remained located at Flak Kaserne.

By the mid-1950s, the French Line of Communications (LOC) was in full swing and US Army Europe had established a line of communication from the ports of Northern France to the 7th Army in Germany. The 37th Transportation Highway Group was responsible for the western leg of the line haul to Mannheim; at Mannheim, it handed off cargo to the 10th Group which then delivered to the garrisons and units in the field.

At that time, the 10th Trans Hwy Gp was composed of the 4th, 29th and 38th Transportation Battalions. With the arrival of the 4th in Germany, the 27th Trans Bn released its truck companies to the 4th.

In June 1956, the 4th Trans Bn comprised the following companies:

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
Hq/Hq Co Ludwigsburg
10th Trans Co (Med Trk)(S&P) Ludwigsburg  
62nd Trans Co (Med Trk)(S&P) Karlsruhe
109th Trans Co (Med Trk)(Petrl) Ludwigsburg  
590th Trans Co (Lt Trk)(Army) Ludwigsburg  
At the end of 1956, the 62nd Medium Truck Co was released from attachment to the 4th and attached to the 29th Trans Bn.

In 1956 or early 1957, the 15th Trans Co (Lt Trk)(Army) was transferred from Ft. Eustis to join the 4th with station in Bamberg.

In 1957, the Battalion picked up the 32nd Trans Co (Med Trk)(S&P) that replaced the 10th Trans Co which rotated back to the States (Ft. Eustis) on 21 March as part of Operation GYROSCOPE.

The 126th Trans Co (Med Trk)(Cargo) was attached to the 4th Trans Bn in early 1958. This unit was located at Karlsruhe.

In June 1958, the 4th Trans Bn comprised the following companies:

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
Hq/Hq Co Ludwigsburg
32nd Trans Co (Med Trk)(S&P) Ludwigsburg  
126th Trans Co (Med Trk)(Cargo) Karlsruhe  
590th Trans Co (Lt Trk)(Army) Ludwigsburg  
Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 4th Trans Bn (Trk) was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 4th Trans Bn (Trk) on 20 Feb 1959.

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the 4th Trans Bn was tasked with providing general support to Seventh Army units and direct support to the 3rd Infantry Division, which was organized as a pentomic division. With the reorganization to pentomic, the 15th Trans Co was released from attachment to the 4th and attached to the 3rd Inf Div where it provided DS to 2nd Battle Group, 4th Infantry located in Bamberg. In 1962, the 3rd Inf Div reorganized under ROAD and the direct support role of the 15th changed. The Company was reorganized as a Medium Truck, received new M-52 tractors and the M-127 stake and platform (S&P) trailers, and was reattached to the 4th Bn.

On 24 June 1962, Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 4th Trans Bn was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 4th Trans Bn (Trk).

In 1963, the 4th Trans Bn was organized as follows:

UNIT DESIGNATION

DUTY STATION COMMENTS
Hq/Hq Det Ludwigsburg
15th Trans Co (Med Trk)(S&P) Bamberg  
32nd Trans Co (Med Trk)(S&P) Ludwigsburg  
590th Trans Co (Lt Trk)(Army) Ludwigsburg  
 
Looking for additional details on the unit history of the 4th Transportation Battalion - with special emphasis on the early 1960s though the 1970s. This period is not covered by the online history at the Biggs Library.

 
(Source: 4th Trans Bn Command Briefing booklet, late 1980s)
 
Restated Mission:
The 4th Transportation Battalion provides sustained motor transport support to the US VII Corps by providing general support transportation as directed by the 229th Movement Control Center (TRANSCEN).

The Battalion will be prepared to provide direct support to non-divisional and divisional units, as directed, and tailor support to meet surge and special operational requirements. Operations will be designed around the company as the base operating unit with major emphasis on small unit operations (squad level) during the hours of darkness (assume air priority as best case). Heavy lift assets will be prepared to support evacuation operations and tactical movement operations. Heavy lift assets will be massed to ensure maximum and immediate response to tactical situations. Company level elements will be prepared to sponsor and transition, to a wartime posture, TPFDL forces being deployed from CONUS.
   

Battalion Organization,
late 1980s


Battalion Assets
Subordinate Units:
11th Trans Co (Hvy), Panzer Kaserne, Böblingen
- provides truck transportation for the movement of heavy or outsized vehicles

15th Trans Co (Med), Nellingen Kaserne, Stuttgart
- provides transportation for movement of containerized and/or general cargo by motor transport, with the exception of bulk petroleum products

32nd Trans Co, Flak Kaserne, Ludwigsburg
- provides transportation for movement of containerized and/or general cargo by motor transport, with the exception of bulk petroleum products

396th Trans Co, Flak Kaserne, Ludwigsburg
- provides transportation for movement of containerized and/or general cargo by motor transport, with the exception of bulk petroleum products

515th Trans Co, Flak Kaserne, Ludwigsburg
- provides bulk POL support to divisional and non-divisional units within VII (US) Corps.

 
(Source: Email from Robert L. Bandi, 590th Trans Co)
As a former enlisted member of the 590th Trans Co, 4th Trans Bn. It is great to see the history of the 4th TC Bn.  However, I noticed that nothing was said about the 533rd Trans Co being assigned to the 4th in the early 1960’s. 

I was assigned to the 15th Trans Co and then transferred to the 590th after arrival in Germany.  I have many documents that I saved from my times with the 590th at Flak Kaserne.

 
(Source: Email from Steven Korish, 396th Trans Co, 1973-75)
I started off in Germany in HQ Co. of the 3rd Bn, 21st FA (Honest John) at Fiori Barracks, in Aschaffenburg. Initially worked as the fuel truck operator for the 3/21st - a 5-ton tactical fitted with two 500 gallon diesel pods and towing a third (gas) pod in a trailer. We spent a lot of time in the field - larger scale maneuvers in Grafenwoehr and every winter we participated in the REFORGER exercises. REFORGER IV and V for sure.

My favorite REFORGER exercise was breaking down on a lonely hilltop location after topping off one of the Batteries - huddled in a sleeping bag in the cab all night waiting for a mechanic. I was close-up to a great aerial dogfight the next morning - and learned from the mechanic when he arrived that one of the jets had 'killed' me. I thought 'GREAT!" - that means I can sit back - this truck won't have to deliver fuel for the rest of the exercise. Somehow my being dead did not eliminate me from hostling fuel, despite my protests.

Luck sent me to the 396th Transportation Company - Flak Kasern - Ludwigsburg, outside of Stuttgart. My truck there was a deuce and a half. Our best runs were taking slack for 37th Group when they got overloaded. Always hoped it would take us in or past Rhein Mein - they had the best messhall and it served breakfast at midnight; almost made you want to join the Air Force.

 
126th Transportation Company
1960
(Source: Robert B. Lorenz)
Not much history on your site re: 126th Trans Co.  I arrived in Feb 1960 and rotated in July 1962 (6 months added because of the Berlin Crises).  They wanted me to stay and offered SP5 (E-5) but I wanted out.

Separated upon return stateside and then after 18 months re-entered in 1964 as an E-2 and was assigned to the 538th Trans Co. 

The 126th was there at the time or shortly afterwards and then it went to Nam as I remember.  I was transferred to the 4th Bn, 68th Armored until their colors were retired to Fort Stewart in 1965.  A

fter that my career went forward and retired as a SGM (E-9) in 1983.  The Army was a great career and no regrets. 
 
The 126th covered the southern half of Germany, and some of us brought in the first M-14s (replacement for the M1 Garand) as well as the new jeeps arriving at Bremerhaven for Army units.  The jeeps were prone to flipping over (operator malfunction). 
 
Spent about 120 days hauling A-frames and telephone cable for the German/Polish Labor Service and slept in tents in the woods with them. Always had a great time talking with them and learning from them.  They were stationed at Gerszewski Barracks outside of Karlsruhe.  Most were survivors of the Nazi Concentration Camps. (These were the same people that the Terrorist Leader of Iran says did not exist since he believes the Holocaust was a fabrication.
 
I hauled everything from toilet paper, Armored Personnel Carriers, 936 five-gallon cans to a load until one of our guys flipped his truck, to nuclear tip warheads for Honest John rockets. 

It wasn't until I was out of the Army and working again for the US Gov't that I found out I was issued a CONFIDENTIAL clearance -- now that was good security back then!???  Visited just about every ammo dump in southern Germany and spent many nights at Grafenwoehr and Vilseck, as well as Baumholder and Fulda. Went five days once without a shower, dry shaved, and stunk like hell. 
 
Caught the head cook passing cigarettes over the fence to a Frau and it sure made my future KP duty fun.  Ran into him at Fort Bragg during one of my two tours there.
 
Other units at Phillips Kaserne/Barracks were the 502nd Engr Co, 555 Engineer Bn, and the 78 Combat Engineer Co. (they lived on the 3rd floor of our building.)
 
Lot of great memories about my tour with the 126th.

 
515th Transportation Company

Bldg 147, 515th Trans Co, 1982 (Bing)
1982
(Source: AUGSBURG SCENE, June 10, 1982)

515th Trans Co
 
Article provides information on the formation and mission of the 515th Transportation Company at Sheridan Kaserne.

 
Related Links:
4th Trans Bn/44th Trans Bn - one of many great transportation unit histories online at the US Army Transportation School Library (Biggs Library and Information Center)