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94th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
32nd AADCOM

Looking for more information from military/civilian personnel assigned to or associated with the U.S. Army in Germany from 1945 to 1989. If you have any stories or thoughts on the subject, please contact me.


History (1960-1998)

Aviation Section

AADCP

Missile Control Center

2nd Bn, 1st ADA
193rd Ord Det (GMDS)

4th Bn, 6th ADA
566th Ord Det (GMDS)

5th Bn, 6th ADA
162nd Ord Det (GMDS)

2nd Bn, 56th ADA
502nd Ord Det (GMDS)

1st Bn, 67th ADA
196th Ord Det (GMDS)

3rd Bn, 71st ADA
195th Ord Det (GMDS)

Patch worn from 1960 to 1966

Patch worn from 1966 to late 1980s (?)
Command & Control

Tac Sites Early 1960s

Tac Sites Early 1970s

Tac Sites Early 1980s

REUNION - All HAWK Units

Sept 6 - 10, 2007

Related Links

 
History
1960 - 1998
94th ADA Brigade DI
In the early days, 1960 - ??, HQ 94th Arty Group operated their AADCP () on Hill 479 (Langerkopf).

The Group's Aviation Section operated out of Sembach Air Base (a USAFE airfield).

HHB, 94th ADA Brigade, Kleber Kaserne, Kaiserslautern, 1970s

HHB of the 94th ADA was officially inactivated effective 15 MAY 1998 at Kelly Barracks, Darmstadt, Germany. The brigade's two battalions (1-7 and 5-7 PATRIOT) became a part of the only remaining ADA Brigade in Germany - the 69th ADA Brigade, US V Corps on 16 MAY. COL Dave Casmus, Commanding, was the 94th ADA's last Brigade Commander.


View of post theater and the NE corner of Kleber Kaserne from the 94th GP barracks, early 1960s
1960
(Source: Email from Robert Thompson)
August 1960, I had just been assigned to Hq & Hq Btry 94th Artillery command as a Crypto operator. When I arrived there were only 3 other Cryto operators there.

I had the opportunity to be a part of some interesting communications while stationed at Kleber Kaserne in Kaiserslautern. We wore the 7 Steps to Hell patch while I was with the Army & when I rotated back to the States in 1963 I kept in contact with several of the guys in my unit.

Man, I had it made as we didn't pull any extra duty or any IG inspections. We worked 12 hour shifts of 7 days night shift, 7 days night shift & then off for 7 days.

I have traveled back to Kaiserslautern 5 times & daily pull up the Kaiserslautern City Webcams. I also keep in touch with my first girlfriend I dated for entire time in Germany. When my wife & I travel to Germany we stay with my friend & her family & when they visit the States (7 times) they stay with us in Powder Springs, Ga.

HHB, 94th ARTY Gp

 

1. Post theater

2. 94th GP Motor pool




(Source: Email from Jim Smith)
Just a small correction to the entry on 94th Air Defense Artillery.

I served with 5th Missile Battalion, 6th Artillery 11/1969 - 8/1971.  We never wore the 7th Army insignia - the "Seven Stairsteps to Hell" as it used to be called.  We wore the 32nd AADCOM shoulder patch and the 6th Artillery unit crest. 

ORGANIZATION (1984):

94th ADA Bde Units, mid-1980s
 

UNIT DESIGNATION

LOCATION COMMENTS
HHB, 94th ADA Brigade Kaiserslautern  
3rd Bn, 59th ADA (IHAWK) Neubrücke
2nd Bn, 62nd ADA (IHAWK) Spangdahlem  
3rd Bn, 71st ADA (NIKE) Kornwestheim  
.

94th Group AADCP
(Source: Email from Rick Logan, 94th ADA Gp, 1960-62)
I got to this website in a roundabout way. I was playing around with Google Earth and decided to look for Hill 479 and Langerkopf in Germany, both of which I was stationed at in 1960-62. I found Hill 479 and another site which I believe to be Langerkopf. After that I decided to search for both in Google and ended up here.

My involvement with the 32nd ADA Brigade began in January 1960 when I was sent to Fort Bliss right after basic training at Fort Ord. Upon arrival there, I was assigned to the group at Site Monitor where I trained along with about 20 other troops fresh out of basic as an operator on the RDPC. After about six weeks, we were given a 30 day leave and orders to report to Fort Dix for transport to Germany. As I recall, a couple of the guys were to report to Bay St Louis, MS, to accompany the MSG-4 system to Germany.

After 7 days at sea aboard the USNS Simon B. Buckner, we arrived at Bremerhaven and were taken by train to Kaiserslautern. We were originally billeted at 32nd Brigade HQ at Vogelweh and then moved to Kleber Kaserne, being assigned to the 94th ADA Group. The first few weeks we were there were spent traveling every day to a depot at Pirmasens where the MSG-4 system had arrived. We assisted in preparing it for transport to Hill 479.

When I first arrived at Hill 479, it had just been completed. The MSG-4 system was not yet set up so we spent a good deal of time finishing up the site- painting, laying tile floor, etc. Since the MSG-4 system was new, there was a lot of work to be done integrating it into the air defense network and working out details. Consequently, as a Private E-2 RDPC operator, most of my time was spent doing everything but operating. One of my jobs at the time was driving a deuce-and-a half transporting shifts back and forth between the hill and K-town.

In the winter of 1960-61, I was transferred to the SRS-II at Langerkopf. A class on the maintenance of the SRSII system was conducted by Hughes tech reps and I attended that class. I don’t recall how long the actual class was but subsequently, we were assigned to maintain the SRS-II system working round the clock shifts. I spent probably a year at Langerkopf, then was transferred back to the 94th Group. I remained there until I was discharged in October 1962.

Upon arriving home, which was near Fullerton, CA, I (naturally) applied for work at Hughes Aircraft in Fullerton as an electronics technician. I was hired and, in February 1963 I was sent to Wuerzburg, Germany as part of a modification team to update the MSG-4 system located at Giebelstadt Air Base. I spent 4 months there, returning home in July1963 when the project was completed. I have since returned to Germany a few times.

During a trip in 1986, I visited Kleber Kaserne in Kaiserslautern, which at that time was occupied by multi-national NATO troops. In 2004, I passed by the town of Bann on an autobahn that wasn’t there in 1962. In fact, it was the Bann off-ramp that alerted me to where I was. I was traveling with other people so I did not get a chance to stop and look for Hill 479.

I can supply a few names I remember from my time over there. Some of the people who went over with the packet from Fort Bliss and were stationed at Hill 479 were: Dean Bigler, (?) McElroy, Ed Drew, Larry Canoy, Dwain Hardin, (?) Mathis, (?) Fitch, (?) Bayles, Royce Babbs, (?) Millsap, John Michelin, (?) Wedgeworth. Some others who were not part of the packet were: Foster, Selden, Boss, Jim St Ours

Some of the names I remember of the Army personnel at Langerkopf were: Ed Simon, Jim Lamphere, Lewis Wood, (?) Albee, (?) Koskela, (?) Jenkins.

It has been very interesting visiting this site and learning some of the background regarding the initial deployment of the AN/MSG-4 system and how it tied in with the SRS-II. I would be very interested in contacting some of the people who were there. I have maintained contact with Dean Bigler from the original packet and Ed Simon from Langerkopf. I noted an e-mail from Lewis Wood in this narrative. I remember that he, Ed Simon, Koskela, and I used to hang around together. We used to block off the latrine in the barracks while we were using it to develop our 35 mm Ektachrome slide film.
Keep up the good work.

 
Aviation Section

Sembach Air Base, Google Earth, accessed 2000 (Dennis Cox)
1973
(Source: Email from Dennis Cox)

Back in 1973 I was with Headquarters, and Headquarters Company, 94th ADA. At the time they had their main offices in Kleber Kaserne in Kaiserslautern, and the same building as SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe).

 

While the rest of the unit was in Kaiserslautern back then, in the aviation section stationed at Sembach Air Base about 15km away. We had the only 3 aircraft for the entire group; 2 UH-1s and one OH-58.

A typical mission for us would be to fly personnel to or from one of the missile sites. We also made a lot of trips between Rhine-Main Airbase and some of those sites to deliver parts, and supplies.

 

It’s interesting to note that Headquarters Company had more brass than enlisted personnel in K-town. The officers outnumbered us 3 to 1. They also had a huge motor pool with more than 300 vehicles. And since a common practice when dealing with unsatisfactory personnel, or “Duds” as they were called, was to send them down to the motor pool, those trucks were not very well maintained. So that whenever an alert was called they were lucky if they could even get half of them to start.

 

I note that you give a timeline of 1960 to ?? for the operation of the AADCP at Hill 479.

I left Germany in late 1973, and I can tell you that Hill 479 was still in use at that time. In fact, there was a small crew that lived there full time. And the housing they enjoyed up there was as nice as any house in suburbia. Whenever we’d fly to the hill that house always seemed a bit out of place like weird episode of the Twilight Zone because in the midst of all the radars, and military communications gear high atop that hill in Germany was a nice civilian looking, American style house with all the comforts of home.

Looking at a current satellite picture of the air base, I would say that a lot has changed since the early 1970s. The Sembach of today bares scant resemblance to the air base I used to fly out of. For example, today they’ve removed the active runway, and they’ve added quite a few buildings along what was the main taxiway back then. There’s even a couple of buildings now in the middle of what used to be the northeast end of the runway. But we were in one of the large hangars on the main taxiway that are no longer there, and  about 1,600 feet from the southwest end of the then active runway. I don’t see any recognizable land marks in the picture that I can use to pinpoint our barracks. The image date of the Google Earth image I’m including was taken by Geo Eye back in 2000, and it still shows the runway.

But I do remember that there were perks to being Army personnel on an Air Force base. The food in the mess hall in Sembach was much better than what they were serving at the Army mess halls at Kleber Kaserne in K-town. And since we were ‘guests’ of the Air Fforce, we never had to do any cleanup details outside around the barracks. Air Force personnel even mowed our lawns for us.
 
Another perk to being stationed on the flight line at Sembach back then was that many of the new NATO aircraft from the US that were destined for use in Europe arrived at Sembach partially assembled. And after final assembly at Sembach, they would be flight-tested before the outfit that was receiving them came to pick them up. There was a shortage of crew-chiefs who were qualified to go on a test flight. (All you really needed to be able to do is read off a check list, and write down the pilot’s answers.) So it was fairly common for someone to poke their head in our office looking for someone to go on a test flight. As a result, while was there, I got a chance to go up in almost every aircraft in the NATO inventory in the ‘70s.
 
One final thing I can say about my time there is that it was like a two year  extended helicopter tour of west Germany. And it was a hell of a fine way to see Europe. I had the time of my life.

 
Kasernes & Tactical Sites - 94th ADA Brigade units
 
(Webmaster Note: looking for anyone with more details on the NIKE sites operated by the 94th.)
 

NIKE Units in the early 1960s
 
The map on the left is a DRAFT - still working on some details of the map

Also, the site list presented below is also still a draft - don't have all of the information yet.
   

NIKE Units in the early 1980s
 
The map on the left shows the location of NIKE HERC units and tactical sites in the early 1980s, just before the inactivation of the last NIKE units and replacement of the NIKE air defense system with the newly developed PATRIOT system.

Inactivation Dates:
2nd Bn, 1st ADA -
5th Bn, 6th ADA -
2nd Bn, 56th ADA -
3rd Bn, 71st ADA -

(Source: Email from Richard Tracy, 2-56th Arty BOC)
94th ADA Group (NIKE-HERCULES) Battalion Operations Center sites....

1) The 5/1 Artillery (N-H) BOC probably was collocated with the IFC closest to HHB -- A/5/1 near Wackernheim.
2) The 4/6 Artillery (N-H) BOC was collocated with the D/4/6 IFC near Balesfeld (per Rolf's photos of that site).
3) The 5/6 Artillery (N-H) BOC was collocated with the C/5/6 IFC at Baumholder (per Rolf's photos of that site).
4) The 2/56 Artillery (N-H) BOC was collocated with Charlie's IFC on Hill 486 (now Grosser Mueckenkopf) south of Salzwoog.
5) The 1/67 Artillery (N-H) BOC was collocated with the C/1/67 IFC near Hardheim (per Rolf's photos of the site).
6) The 3/71 Artillery (N-H) BOC probably was collocated with the IFC closest to HHB -- A/3/71 (Kornwestheim).

[5/1 and 3/71 BOC locations are "best guesses": the firing battery IFC was only a short "commute" from HHB...]

Most of the BOC buildings were built to a "standard (NATO?) design," from what I was told, and have seen since.

"Charlie-18", a water supply truck of the 2-56th
 
Being collocated with an IFC provided security and "everyday" logistical support (i.e., food and water).

[This may not have been true of all N-H battalions in West Germany, but it was certainly the case with 2/56!]

Charlie Admin cooks brought chow (in Mermite cans) to the LA / IFC / BOC three times a day, in a 3/4-ton....

The admin area had water: the IFC and BOC (and Launcher Area?) -- truly "remote" sites! -- had to "import" it!

This photo shows "Charlie Eighteen" topping off the BOC's underground tank with "cooool, cleeear waaater"!

  Charlie 18's primary destination on Hill 486, the IFC's underground water tank: it is on the left, just beyond the edge of the concrete pad for the MTR (Missile Tracking Radar); sadly, I do not know how large it (or the one at the BOC) was, and I don't even remember how often we required "a refill".... I "went along for the ride" once or twice (while still principally "a go-fer"): remember that the water really "gushed" out of the "water supply point" in the Charlie Admin area, when you turned it on; also remember looking inside the tank (after opening the lid, just before inserting the hose) and being impressed with its "baffle system" -- to keep the water from sloshing around from side to side -- and front to back -- while the truck was moving.... "Sloshing" would NOT have been a good thing to have happen -- especially on treacherous mountain roads! [Just remembered ... Charlie Admin's "chow truck" seemed to have an accident once (or twice) every winter, while bringing meals to the IFC / BOC area: the roads were doubly -- triply! -- dangerous with snow and ice on them; sometimes "the laws of physics" would just refuse to be defied any longer! I don't remember that any of those cooks -- brave guys! -- were ever seriously hurt as a result -- luckily! -- just a bit "shaken up" (and probably scared) ... and extra cautious on the next few trips!!] This photo was taken while Charlie was "out in the field" (up near Landstuhl) on BOOTSTRAP: "nobody home"!
   

  Charlie 18's secondary destination on Hill 486, the BOC's underground water tank: it's on the far left, protected by its quaint little (insubstantial, if a deuce-and-a-half really wanted to plow into it!) "post and chain" fence.... The photo -- as you can see -- was taken on one of those bright and sunny (West) German days which made all of us feel SO good about being there -- and in the Army, too! ["We just gotta get outta this place, if it's the last thing we ever do".... I can just hear those two guys down at the front gate, singing that old song quietly to themselves!]
   

  Charlie 18 made her scheduled "water runs" despite the weather: "Neither rain nor snow, nor sleet nor hail" ... or however the U.S Post Office slogan goes.... She is there to the right -- beyond the aboveground diesel fuel tank (for the New BOC's boiler), right next to our Generator Shed -- "topping off the tank".... [Another "moody" photo!]
   

  Charlie Battery took good care of the BOC: when they went away on BOOTSTRAP -- you can see a couple of their radars "moving out" in the background -- they filled our tank before they left ... and left us "a water buffalo," just in case we started running low before they got back! Beyond IT (and to the right), are the 600-gallon gas (near) and diesel (far) fuel tanks -- precariously mounted on (deteriorating?) wooden supports -- which contained enough "go-juice" to make us self-sufficient in that department.... In the foreground, you can see our fine, state-of-the-art "Fire/Gas Alarm" system; beyond it is our equally high-tech "collision/strangulation avoidance system," mounted on the two UHF Tower guy wires which intersected the sidewalk.... [Walking around up there at night could be quite an adventure! I think we used "Engineer tape" for the latter, but have no idea where we might have gotten it!]

63rd MSL Bn -- 5th MSL Bn, 1st Arty -- 2nd Bn, 1st ADA

SITE DESIGNATION

UNIT COMMENTS
Wiesbaden HHB, 63rd Msl Bn
Wiesbaden AB, Wiesbaden HHB, 5th MSL Bn, 1st Arty  
McCully Bks, Wackernheim HHB, 5th MSL Bn, 1st Arty redesignated 2nd Bn, 1st ADA in 1972?
McCully Bks, Wackernheim HHB, 2nd Bn, 1st ADA inactivated in the summer of 1983
  Battalion Operations Cen  
McCully Bks, Wackernheim 193rd ORD DET (GMDS)  
  DSP  
Wackernheim () A Btry  
  B Btry  
Dexheim () B Btry  
  C Btry  
Quirnheim () C Btry  
  D Btry  
Dichtelbach () D Btry possibly closed August 1982
 
(Source: Email from Bill O'Connor)
I found your site while looking for the defunct 94 Grp site. From April 1969 through Dec 1970 I served in 5th Bn/1st Arty. My first assignment was as IFC platoon leader at C/5/1 in Quirnheim. I lived in the BOQ in K-town except when our battery was "hot" when we stayed at the unit. After that I was attached to HHB as transportation platoon leader and lastly one of two officers staffing the BOC. Worked 24 on and 24 off. Got three days in a row off every three weeks. The BOC was at McCully Barracks in Wackernheim but not collocated with the B/5/1 IFC platoon. During the time at HHB and BOC I lived in the BOQ at Mainz. Enlisted men at BOC lived on base at Wiesbaden. I travelled regularly to our firing batteries since I was EMAS control officer and also rotated as paymaster. I don't know which was wilder, driving the German countryside with nuclear action code envelopes or all that money!!!! I was glad to find your site as I couldn't remember the place names for A, B, or D/5/1.
Bill O'Connor

(Source: Letter from Ray Bice, B Btry, 5th MSL Bn, 1st Arty)
I was stationed at B Btry from 1960-1963 in Dexheim. I have made contact with five people from my unit and we all have pictures that we would like to post. We would also like to know how we can obtain a Battery Roster.

I would like to dedicate these pictures to all the men of B-5-1. 95% of these picture were donated by Lester Paquin, the rest were donated by Ronald Payette and Ray Bice. Hopefully, more pictures will be posted when other missile men from B-5-1 visit this site.

A little about myself: I spent seven years in the Army, achiving the rank of S/Sgt. The three best years of my service was while station at B-5-1. My two best friends were Lester Paquin and Jack Griffin. We had outstanding officers and NCO's.

Two years ago Lt. Ron Payette found me on the internet. I started looking for other members of our unit and was able to locate Ed Hills, Lester Paquin and SFC David Fall, and we comunicate regularly. With the help of Lester Paquin, I located SFC William Emlinger, but unfortunately he passed away in 1995. SFC Fall gave me Sgt. Britts e-mail address but he hasn't answered any of my e-mails as of yet. But we remain hopeful.

I had so many memorable moments while stationed at Anderson Barracks but if I had to pick just one to talk about it would be the time I relieved Pfc. Adams on the switchboard and he gave me his 45 pistol. After about one hour I was getting bored, everyone else was asleep. I pulled the pistol out of the holster and was aiming it at everything from the computer to the ewpb. I opened the hatch to get some fresh air and pointed the pistol at SP/4 Dan Robles who was setting in the guard shack. I moved the sites over a few inches and aimed at the cross plate on the main gate. Pulled the hammer back and squeezed ever so gently. The pistol buckled in my hand. The noise was so loud that I thought everyone would surly wake up but they didn't. I got on the headset and called Robles. He was highly pissed to say the least. I cleaned the weapon and got hold of a friend that work in the arms room and replaced the round. After I was relieved on the switchboard and Robles got off guard duty we tried to figure out where the round ended up. Incidentally, I hit the cross plate dead center. We pulled daily checks on all the radar's to make sure they weren't damage. Everything checked out OK. Where did the round go? I forget the armors name but he got worried about giving me the round and told his Plt. Sgt. In turn he told Capt. Cole who was Battery Commander at the time. I was called up on the carpet. I explained to the Capt. that I didn't know the gun was loaded and started laughing. He ask me what was so funny. I said that I never ever dreamed that I would ever be in a situation that I would be saying something as stupid as "I didn't know the gun was loaded." Capt. Cole informed me that he could put me out of the Army if he wanted and ask me what I thought he should do. I told him that I would respect any decision that he made but I felt that I learned one valuable lesson and I was truly sorry. Capt. Cole ask me what I was aiming at and I told him the cross plate on the gate. He said that it was one hellva shot since the gate was 50 yards from the BC van. He gave me an Article 15 and had me try out for the Battalion pistol team, which I never qualified. Guns don't kill people, people kill people.

1. Site gate (KB)

2. Guard shack taken from the TTR (KB)

3. IFC area after a snow fall (KB)


4. SP/4 Joe Hardner (KB)

5. (KB)

6. Jack Griffin and Dan Robles in the maintenance van (KB)
 

7. The generator shack on the hill (KB)

8. Acq Radar (KB)

9. MTR (KB)
 

10. TTR (KB)

11. L to R: Jack Griffin, Pat Meyers, Dan Robles and Ray Bice (KB)

12. Members of A Crew (KB)
 

13. Some more members of B Battery (KB)


 

(Source: Email from Bill Larsen, HHB, 5th MSL Bn, 1st Arty, July 1966 - Dec 1968)
Within the 32nd AADC the 5th Missile Battalion, 1st Artillery (later "Missile" was dropped) published a newspaper called "Countdown."  To my knowledge this was published from before 1965 through at least 1968.  I would expect that every battalion in the command published a newspaper during that period. 

The Army, in its great wisdom, had a position in the TOE as "information specialist" (71Q20) during this period and were getting trained military journalists from  the Defense Information School in Indianapolis, Ind.

As to the patches of the 32nd AADC.   The 32nd Artillery Brigade moved to its site in Kaiserslatutern in 1957  (Seventh Army patches).  In May 1966, the 32nd was given the status of a major command and was redesignated the 32nd Army Air Defense Command.  As I recall, the 32nd AADC patch came into use in late 1966.

Hope this is some help.

25th MSL Bn -- 4th MSL Bn, 6th Arty

SITE DESIGNATION

UNIT COMMENTS
Kaiserslautern HHB, 25th Msl Bn On Nov 1 1957, the 25th AAA Gun Bn was redes 25th AAA Msl Bn (Nike-Ajax) and converted to NIKE-AJAX. On Sep 1 1958, the Bn was redes 4th Msl Bn, 6th Arty
Spangdahlem AB, Spangdahlem HHB, 5th MSL Bn, 6th Arty defended Spangdahlem and Bitburg airbases
Balesfeld Battalion Operations Cen colocated with D Btry IFC
Spangdahlem AB, Spangdahlem 566th ORD DET (GMDS)
DSP
A Btry
Hontheim () A Btry
B Btry
Butzweiler () B Btry defended Bitburg AB
Spangdahlem AB, Spangdahlem C Btry billeted at Luxemburg Kaserne at Bitburg
Hisel () C Btry defended Bitburg AB
Spangdahlem AB, Spangdahlem D Btry billeted at Luxemburg Kaserne at Bitburg
Balesfeld () D Btry

25th MSL Bn

 

1. Spangdahlem Tac site, 25th Msl Bn, 1958 (KB)





       
4th Bn, 6th ADA      

1. Balesfeld BOC site, 1966 (KB)

2. Balesfeld BOC site, 1966 (KB)
   

45th MSL Bn -- 5th MSL Bn, 6th Arty -- 5th Bn, 6th ADA

SITE DESIGNATION

UNIT COMMENTS
Kaiserslautern HHB, 45th Msl Bn On Nov 1 1957, the 45th AAA Gun Bn was redes 45th AAA Msl Bn (Nike-Ajax) and converted to NIKE-AJAX. On Sep 1 1958, the Bn was redes 5th Msl Bn, 6th Arty
Strassburg Ksn, Idar Oberstein HHB, 5th MSL Bn, 6th Arty In 1958, battalions' batteries operated out of temporary sites around Baumholder; in 1959, the batteries moved to their permanent tactical sites
98th Gen Hosp Ksn?, Neubrücke HHB, 5th MSL Bn, 6th Arty  
Neubrücke Battalion Operations Cen AN/MSQ-18 FDS system arrived Dec 30 1958; implemented early 1959
Neubrücke 162nd ORD DET (GMDS) Unit deployed to Germany in 1957
Boehmer Army Airfield, Hoppstädten DSP  
(Baumholder area) A Btry temporary site
Schönborn () A Btry  
(Baumholder area) B Btry temporary site
Wüschheim () B Btry  
(Baumholder area) C Btry temporary site
Baumholder () C Btry permanent site; Charlie was first battery to move to permanent site in 1959
(Baumholder area) D Btry temporary site
Reitscheid () D Btry Delta was second battery to move to permanent site in 1959
Hontheim () D Btry Delta took over this position after the 4/6 left (prob 1970)
 
(Source: Email from Col. Lambert)
We were organized as Overseas Package #5 at Ft Bliss, Texas -- sent to Kaiserlautern in Oct 1957 - Nov '57; sent to Idar Oberstein -- HQ Btry, A Btry and B Btry were assigned to Strassburg Kaserne; C Btry and D Btry to Baumholder. All sites were located in Baumholder -- all launcher sites were at the end of the runway of Baumholder Air Field; A and B Btry IFC were together on one hill top and C and D on another.

C Btry became a Nike Hercules battery and moved to its permanent site in late fall 1959.

When I left in June 1960, all other btrys were still in Baumholder.

 
162nd Ord Det (Guided Missile)(Direct Support) Pocket Patch
 

 
(Source: Email from Morey W. Fuqua, "C" Btry, 5th Msl Bn, 6th Arty, 1959-61)
I left Ft. Bliss in July 1959 with Overseas Package #8.  We formed the permanent Nike Hercules site at Baumholder -- "C" Battery, (5th Msl Bn,) 6th Arty.  I was there until May 1961. We were always "C Battery", however, if my memory serves me correctly there were changes in batallion and/or other command units. 

We originally wore the USAREUR patch and that later changed to Seventh Army.

I only know the location of one other person I served with. But I am interested to know about others. My MOS was 225 and I was a SP-5 when rotated back to "the land of the round door-knob."

My knowledge of the temporary (Nike-)Ajax unit that existed in Baumholder prior to my arrival is somewhat limited. In retrospect I feel somewhat sorry for those guys. I will try to explain why.
 
I first heard about Overseas Package #8 early in 1959 when I finished 225 school at Ft. Bliss. A friend gave me the name of a major who had something to do with assignments. I broke a few rules and barged into his office while his secretary had stepped out. I ask if I could be assigned to the package. What followed was a world-class butt chewing which, among other things mentioned the chain of command and my waiting for his secretary to leave. After standing at attention for what seemed like hours the major ordered me out of his office. He also said something to the effect, “Oh by the way, you are going to Germany. Give you name, serial number, etc to my secretary.”  She had returned in the interim.
 
The next few months were a great experience. We formed an entire working unit from scratch. All of the members of O/S-8 had just graduated from the school of their specialty or transferred in from other units, mostly from Bliss. Our entire command structure was formed at that time. I remember some of the names:
 
  Battery Commander: Capt. Richard C. Beaudry  
  Executive Officer: 1st.Lt. Richard A. Wilson  
  Launcher Plt. Officer: 1st.Lt. Chetwin M. Hurd  
  Launcher Plt. Sgt. M/Sgt John R. Smith  

We trained extensively until June 1959. Our firing exercises were at McGregor Range in New Mexico and were very similar to our Annual Service Practice when we later returned from Germany to Ft. Bliss and McGregor.  I think one difference was that during the first trip to McGregor Range we might have fired Ajax as well as Hercules missiles. Later we only fired Hercules.
 
During the O/S-8 training we became a very tight unit and this relationship lasted until the first of this group started rotating back from Germany. For this reason many the men that manned the prior/temporary Ajax battery probably felt they were overshadowed by this new group of loud-mouthed hotshots. Almost all of their command structure and technical personnel were replaced and their main job was to wait for rotation back to the States. Notice that I said “many” of the prior people. Some of that earlier group did in fact fit in very well.
 
Our new group arrived in Germany over a period of a few weeks in the summer of 1959. The new permanent site was being constructed by German contractors and was completed a few weeks after our arrival. Then the fun began. The Germans had nothing to do with the missile equipment installation. This was our job together with Army Ordinance. Once again, many of the prior personal felt left out because they had never seen the new equipment.

One on the SNAFUs we faced, and, one that only the military can orchestrate, dealt with security clearances. All of the O/S-8 personal had proper security clearances back in Ft. Bliss, even as they applied to special weapons. When we arrived in Germany USAREUR had its own ideas about security. We wasted considerable time being recleared so that we could work on the same equipment we had worked on in the U.S.  I guess you can’t be too careful.
 
The temporary Nike site was located right on the Baumholder base.  I think it was near the airfield. I was only there on a few occasions. To get to the new site you had to drive a few kilometers from the Baumholder base. It was near a village, the name of which I’m not sure. It may have been Heimbach. Our main barracks were on Baumholder but we did have sleeping facilities on the site.
 
What I remember most was the heavy workload. We were severely under-manned and before the remainder of the sites in the battalion were completed it seemed we were on the highest level of alert status all the time. In addition, as you well know, security requirements on a special weapons site are high to the point of being unreal. I did not have to pull guard duty, but we had so few NCOs that the launcher maintenance personal (mostly SP-5s) had to pull Sergeant of guard duty at the same time they were on 24 hr maintenance shifts, which was about every third day. The poor guards had horrible schedules. For example it got so bad that they were pulling 3days on, one day off, 2 days on, one day off, then one day on followed by one day off. When that was over they started all over again. Despite the work and long hours it was one of the best times of my life.
 
I was on the ASP crew that returned to McGregor Range during the summer of 1960. At that time I was allowed to take a 30-day leave. The guys that remained in Germany were not happy with me for some time after my return.
 
We did have Nike Ajax on the permanent site; however, the emphasis was clearly on the Hercules capability.
 
As much as I wanted to get back to the U.S. and get on with my civilian life, I do remember some sadness when it was time to leave Baumholder.  That was in May of 1961. I still remember the tightness of the unit that arrived in Germany to build a new missile base. During those early times many of us thought of it as our site in which the Army was only incidentally involved.
 
At some time during my stay, our shoulder patch was changed from the USAREUR to 7th Army. We were part of the 32nd Artillery Brigade at some time, if not all of the time.  Maybe you can shed some light on this.
 
Before I left, Capt. Beaudry was promoted and transferred.  Capt. Leonard F. Allen replaced him.

 
(Source: Email from Frank Contreras)

Happy Valley Inn, Hoppstädten, 1967
 
I was stationed at the Hoppstädten Army Airfield (also known as Boehmer AAF) for almost a year, the summer of 1966 until Easter 1967.  We were attached to Hq Btry, 5th Msl Bn, 6thArty, 7th US ARMY. HHB was located in Baumholder. We did depot level maintenance on air conditioning units and mobile generators to about 45 kw.  We did troubleshooting, tune-ups replaced engines etc. in support of missile firing units around Baumholder. There was also a missile repair unit there.

The airfield at Hoppstädten was used by an air recon unit attached to an artillery unit. When the priority dictated it they would also fly to retrieve parts for us around Germany. In the December of 1966 they went to the coast for field games. On some sunny weekends the Germans would launch and land gliders at the field. 

We were about 20 guy that occupied the top floor of the barracks.

I was later transferred to operations in Baumholder where we controlled the missile firing units from a site in the hills above Baumholder.
 

IFC/BOC site
Baumholder

 

1. (KB)

2. (KB)

3. Navarro (KB)


4. Schuster at gate with tracking radar in background (KB)

5. View of training area from radar tower on hill (KB)







6. Some football during a break (KB)

7. BOC building in background (KB)

8. (KB)



9. (KB)

10. (KB)


11. Supply SGT (KB)



12. (KB)

13. (KB)

14. (KB)

       
5th MSL Bn, 6th Arty
Baumholder
     

1. Schuster, post chapel in background (KB)

2. Navarro (KB)

3. (KB)
 

4. Wells, Schuster, Stiffler (KB)

5. (KB)

6. Mess hall (KB)
 

95th MSL Bn -- 2nd MSL Bn, 56th Arty -- 2nd Bn, 56th ADA

SITE DESIGNATION

UNIT COMMENTS
Sandhofen HHB, 95th Msl Bn In Dec 1957, Nike-Ajax Overseas Package No. 5 was sent to Germany where it was combined with the 95th AAA Gun Bn (90-mm) to form the 95th AAA Msl Bn (Nike-Ajax). On Aug 12 1958, the 95th was redes the 2nd Msl Bn, 56th Arty.
Husterhoeh Ksn, Pirmasens HHB, 2nd MSL Bn, 56th Arty  
Salzwoog (see note)
Battalion Operations Cen Collocated with C Btry; my notes state that the BOC was actually located on the hill top known as Großer Mückenkopf (Hill 486). (Can anyone corroborate this?
Husterhoeh Ksn, Pirmasens 502nd ORD DET (GMDS) 1959, 1961
Husterhoeh Ksn, Pirmasens DSP  
  A Btry  
Geinsheim () A Btry closed in August 1984
  B Btry  
Landau () B Btry 1958, possibly first operational permanent site in Germany; also first to convert to NIKE HERC
Pirmasens C Btry moved to the newly constructed permanent site at Salzwoog around June 1959
Salzwoog () C Btry
Oberauerbach () D Btry (1962)

 
1957
(Source: Email from David L. Newquist, "A" Btry, 2nd Msl Bn, 56th Arty, 1957-59)
I was part of Overseas Package 5 which came from Fort Bliss to Germany in December 1957. After deplaning at Frankfurt, we went to Mannheim and picked up the 95th AAA Bn. to convert it to a Nike Ajax battalion. We left Mannheim by convoys and the battalion headquarters and Batteries C and D were sent to Pirmasens. Battery B went to Landau, and Battery A went to Germersheim. The sites were constructed and we moved the equipment onto them.

When we deplaned in Frankfurt, civilians were demonstrating outside the air base gates with “Sputnik, Go Home” signs. However, a public information blitz was mounted and by January 1958 the missile equipment was in place and the batteries were operational.

We were extremely short of personnel, and the command structure was complicated, involving the ADA command at Kaiserslautern and NATO. Sometime in 1958, we all had to buy the new green dress uniforms and the unit was redesignated the 2nd Missile Battalion, 56th Artillery. I was in Battery A at Germersheim.

While we were the 95th Bn., we went to sick call at Pirmasens and dental call at Karlsruhe. After the redesignation, we reported to Heidelberg for medical services.

We pulled 24-hour shifts and got a “rest” day after such a shift. We were so short handed that we often were assigned to drive the troops and the dependents to sick call. When in Karlsruhe, we were warned to be extremely careful of civilians. As it turned out, the Baader Meinhof gang was centered at Karlsruhe, although their activities were pretty low-key in the late 1950s.

An ordnance company that supervised a civilian force that serviced and reconditioned military vehicles was already in operation at Germersheim. The base was a World War II German fighter base. The hangars were in a forested area and were concrete bunkers covered with dirt and planted over with trees. When the U.S. forces occupied the site, that area was fenced off and guarded by a Bulgarian Labor Force. That Force also guarded a bombed-out bridge on the Rhine, on which Germersheim is situated. The hangar-bunkers were used to store explosives. We were allowed in there only when we assembled missiles and had to pick up missile fuels (red fuming nitric acid, unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine, and nitroglycerin solid booster propellants) and warheads. We weren’t supposed to know it and neither were the Bulgarians, but nuclear warheads were stored there.

While the Nike system was intended and designated to be an air defense system, the Hercules versions and later the Zeus could be used as short range ballistic missiles. Our radar operators had been trained to set ground targets on the radar-guiding computers.

I completed my active duty in March 1959. There are many stories to tell, but there was a hostility in Germersheim that did not create fond memories. On occasion, Soviet staff cars were seen cruising near the base, and we also learned that Germersheim had a history during the Holocaust years that the people preferred to keep stifled.

 
1960

Access road to Salzwoog IFC, C Btry, 1962
 
(Source: Email from Ernie Swayze)
Salzwoog IFC site ()  
I discovered your site while looking up Salzwoog. I was stationed with C/2/56 from late 1960 to mid 1962. What a strange feeling to see pictures of a place where I worked and played for most of two years.

The latter part of my service there was as an Acquisition Operator. I'll send a picture of me with the Company dog in front of the Ready Hut. It was probably taken in early 1962. This is the road in front of the Ready Hut. The car you see is in the Ready Hut parking lot. The gate into the IFC area is in the background and the guard shack just inside it.

 
 
1963
(Source: Email from Roger Williams)
I noticed on your website regarding "94th Arty Gp. -- 2nd Bn. 56th ADA," it indicated that in June 1959 "C" Battery in Pirmasens was moved to Salzwoog.

I was at "C" Battery from August 1963 to January 1964 and it was still in Pirmasens. Just thought I would mention it.

PS: This is a diagram (above) of the way the NH site was laid out. Not to scale of course. Entire compound was circled by a chain link fence. The missile hangar was never used for the missiles. We had additional rails inside the hangar to setup so we could move the missiles inside, but this was not done while I was there.

67th MSL Bn -- 1st MSL Bn, 67th Arty -- 1st Bn, 67th ADA

SITE DESIGNATION

UNIT COMMENTS
Coleman Bks, Sandhofen HHB, 67th Msl Bn
Peden Bks, Wertheim HHB, 1st MSL Bn, 67th Arty  
  Battalion Operations Cen  
Coleman Bks, Sandhofen 196th ORD DET (GMDS) De La Police Ksn, Worms
  DSP  
Griesheim () A Btry billeted at Kelly Bks, Darmstadt
Coleman Bks, Sandhofen B Btry moved to Mainbullau in 1961?
Mainbullau () B Btry  
Hardheim () C Btry this site was the nearest Herc battery to the East German border; the site taken over by C Btry, 3rd Bn, 71st Arty
Dallau () D Btry the site taken over by A Btry, 3rd Bn, 71st Arty

 
(Source: Email from Wayne Gutshall, "A" Btry, 1st Msl Bn, 67th Arty, 1962-65)
I was stationed at A Battery, 1st Missile Bn, 67th Arty (Griesheim 1962-65) and was billeted at Kelly Barracks, Darmstadt. I was in fire control and was a computer operator. 

The Nike site at Griesheim was Ajax and Hercules and we worked 24 hours on and off 24 and during the Cuban missile crisis we were on red alert with options of ground-to-ground or surface-to-air missions.

We were a mobile missile site and would go to Worms annually with our missiles, radar, launchers, generators etc. It was a lot of work and we always had lots of mud to contend with.

In 1964 we were the top unit at ASP at Ft Bliss, Texas for European units.

I wish I could locate some of my old buddies from this unit. I ended up in Vietnam and retired out of WRAMC in 1976 with 17 years service. I also served in the N.Y., Omaha, & San Francisco defenses.

196th Ordnance Detachment (Guided Missile Direct Support)
(Source: Email from Allan W. Swank, 196th Ord Det, 1963-65)
I'm signed in your guestbook. I served in Worms, 6/1963-6/1965, 196th Ordnance Detachment, Nike missile maintnance and support. I am flooded with personal recollections. Great site! Lot of work, kudos. Regained a lot of forgotten information. I traveled a lot in the line of duty and learned German pretty well, so I think I had an "untypical" view of Germany.

Here is some of the tale of the 196th Ordnance Detachment. It's been a long time so some of the details may be a little fuzzy but I'll give it as strait as I can.

The 196th was a Nike missile Odnance support unit attached to the 1/67th Artillery Batallion with their HQ in Werthheim, about 80 miles away from our home base in Worms. We seemed to be pretty much on our own. Our rank was handed down from Artillery (they wern't all that generous) and the Artillery brass was not enthusiastic about journeying to the boondocks to visit or inspect, so we had only, at most, one annual batallion inspections, typically.

The shop was a complete service unit. That is, we serviced Nike internal guidance, auxillary power, hydraulics, and launcher (mechanical, hydraulic and electronic) sections. Most maintenance was done in-shop, the repaired subsystems/components then ferried to and installed at the site. Site work was mostly to service the several radars and the launchers. In the shop was the orderly room, of course, and tech supply, manned by, usually, 3-5 men and separate areas for the other sections.

The shop, itself, was a stuccoed cement block building about 75' X 150' (give or take) located inside a 6-foot high fence which surrounded the asphalt motor pool which was usually full of APC's, a couple of tanks and one humongous tank retriever. I'm guessing they were armored cavalry. The shop was only a half block out the back gate, away from Taukkunen Barracks, in Worms.

My section had the responsibility of maintaining the personnel heaters in all the instrument vans at each of the 1/67 ADA radar sites. There must have been 3 at each site. Times 4 sites. Those dozen heaters alone kept us busy. But doing that, along with the normal launcher service kept someone from our launcher section almost always at one site or another. Another frequent duty which kept someone busy on site was the installation of modifications to the equipment. I was sure Western Electric originally designed a good system but then went back and changed some things so that, down the road, they could sell modifications to the Army for a little more cash. One example: the launchers were always exposed to the elements (our surface sites, at least) so it seemed reasonable to expect the several exposed cable connectors to draw moisture, compromising the power, control and communications signals going through them. But it wasn't untill years after their deployment that we came to install the weather-proofing, presumably purchased from Western Electric.

The 1/67 ADA included four Nike Ajax/Hercules missile batteries:

"A" Battery was the nearest to home, located in Griesheim (we just said Darmstadt), Germany, only 30 miles away. It was not a really interesting drive. "A" Battery called for very little attention. I'm not sure why. All the batteries had very competent crews who could and did handle 99% of the launcher area maintenance. The 196th was just there to handle what regulations prevented the battery crews from doing.

"B" Battery was altogether different. Bravo was associated with the town of Mainbullau. The ~60 mile trip to Bravo was always an adventure. One took winding roads through the woods and over a mountain. The site was on the top of a mountain (no surprise) which, in good weather was a postcard journey but in deep winter, could be a death-defying challange. You could always count on a breath-catching vista looking out over a deep valley. There was a German grass air strip nearby often with gliders in the air. Occasionally I would look DOWN from my truck to see a glider flying below me up the valley. Magnificent! Bravo's officers (especially Lts. Reiley and Adams) were the easiest officers I ever met in the Army to get along with (except for one full bird colonel - but that's another story), even if the enlisted men stationed there wouldn't agree and many didn't.

"Charley" battery was a hoot. Here the NCO's were the high feature. They didn't hesitate to assist or compliment us Ordnance grunts. It was easy to feel like real people at "C" Battery. It sure didn't help their image when it was discovered that one obsolete Ajax missile they had sent back to the states was uncanned with the warhead still in it. Not armed, but still.... This was the longest drive from home (except for the trip to batallion HQ, about 80 miles), about 75 miles. Located near Hardheim (recent aerial view), I always expected to spend the night when I had to go to Charley. Nice drive, though, over much the same route as to Bravo but further.

"D" Battery was unique. These guys were clever and resourceful. They only called us for things they were, by regulation, not permitted to do, and not always promptly then. I delivered replacement cables to them to correct a communications glitch. To avoid having the battery off-line, the maintenance guys crossed unused conductors in the cable (a no no) to stay operational. There was a USAF base somewhere nearby. Once, while working inside a bunkered section of the launcher area, I heard a high-speed bogie approaching. Then, like an explosion, wham!, this jet flew over just above the bunker and gaining altitude AND UP-SIDE-DOWN!. Unaffected, the site cadre guy simply shrugged and said, "oh, yea, they do that all the time. I think they're pissed 'cause somebody reported some pilot's wing number ID for buzzing the site. Now they still buzz us but inverted so we can't copy their ID".

I loved the ~45 mile drive to Delta. From Worms we went south through Heidelberg (past the famous Heidelberg Castle) then wound , again, through the woods but, this time, over and along two rivers, Neckar and Mosel, finally to the town of Dallau. Since this site was so capable and self-reliant, I didn't get to visit there nearly as much as I would have liked.

Any of you 1/67 vets have any additions, corrections or comments, contact Walter Elkins, this site's webmaster.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
One day in the winter 1964/65 I and two other grunts were making a run of some sort to, I believe, B Battery, 1/67 ADA. On the miles long climb up a mountain, we saw a semi truck off to the side of the snow-covered road. The closer we got, the more convinced we became that the driver was having trouble. He was digging with a shovel at his tires. When I got close enough to see that the truck was a Heineken beer truck. I had to pull off to see what's up.

Sure enough, the truck was hung up because of  the ice
and snow, could not get traction to even get started out onto the road.  After learning from the Dutch (from the Neatherlands) driver that, yes, he would accept any help we had to offer (he and I both spoke enough German to get on), we all looked over the situation, pulled around to the front of the semi and hooked up a tow chain from the semi to our deuce-and-a-half, 6X6, M109 shop van. It was my truck but for some reason we selected Rush to drive while (God, I can't recall his name! I'll call him Fred until I remember or am told better) Fred and I shoveled cinders under drive wheels on both trucks. I told Rush that, if he got moving, keep moving. Fred and I would hitch a ride somehow.

Well, I already knew what we would do. Sure enough, the trucks spun then grabbed a bite and slowly lumbered onto the asphalt surface. Fred  and I threw our shovels into the cinder box behind the semi tractor and I grabbed a hand hold onto the rear of the trailer while Fred tried to jog along to keep up. I told him it was a long run to the
top and he had better grab on.

Let me explain a little here. Back in Worms, all the APC's were gone from the motor pool, off on their winter manouvers. One of our favorite sports was grabbing onto a vehicle's back bumper and skiing just on the soles of our GI boots. Worked great! I still don't see any real danger in it but we cought hell after the honchos saw all the tire and ski tracks in the snow. However, this day, all that goof-off practice paid off.

Fred finally decided that I was right, he would not be able to run the whole way up the mountain, so he tried my way. He did pretty good for about half the distance but, for some reason, he wasn't happy with the arrangement. He saw ahead of us that the road made a long, gentle swing, circling around a small medow-like area. (All under snow, of course. No way to tell how deep the snow or how treacherous the terrain). But he decided to run across that open area and catch up with the cab of, at least, one of the trucks. I tried to discourage him but he wouldn't be talked out of trying it.

Well, he did give it a go. He was soon waist-deep in snow. He, sure he had absolutely no chance to pull off his scheme, wallowed his way
 BACK his trail, then had to run like mad to catch us up again. The rest of the way up the hill, he alternated between skiing and jogging, all the while, cussing me for my hair-brained idea. I don't know what his problem was. I was having a great time. I could stand and slide or even squat down and slide. It was a piece 'a cake to move to either side of the truck for a new view. I was a pro boot skier.

About that time, I noticed, way behind us, an Army jeep was climbing the hill and closing. For some reason, this panicked Fred. Maybe he thought he he would be run over. "Relax, Fred. We've only got another mile or so. We'll be there in a couple of minutes". The approaching jeep closed slowly, having to negotiate the same conditions we had. It was entertaining to watch it rounding bends, occasionally fishing a little. Eventually, the jeep was right on our 6 and pulling to the left to pass our very slow-moving circus act. It wasn't until the jeep drew nearly along side that I could see that it was a grunt driver driving a captain. Well, what was I to do? I stood up skiing backward while holding on with one hand and whipped him the snappiest salute of my Army life. I didn't know what to expect. Would he interfere right then and hang us up again just when we were so close to the top? Would he wait for us at the top to rip us? It's anticlimatic but he did neither. We reached the top uneventfully and there was no mad captain there to greet us. The Dutchman tried to pay us but we refused his money offer. It was our pleasure to help. He did give us a carton of Heineken for our trouble.

I'm sure, under other circumstances, we could have cought some kind of punishment for our stunt. We didn't. As far as we were concerned, No Harm, No Foul. Just another day in the life of a GI in Germany serving...


552nd MSL Bn -- 3rd MSL Bn, 71st Arty -- 3rd Bn, 71st ADA

SITE DESIGNATION

UNIT COMMENTS
Karlsruhe HHB, 552nd Msl Bn NIKE package from Fort Bliss arrived in October 1957; Battalion converted from 90-mm Gun to NIKE AJAX Missile; on Sep 1 1958, 3rd Msl Bn, 71st Arty (Nike-Ajax) was activated in Germany
Wilkins Barracks, Kornwestheim HHB, 3rd Msl Bn, 71st Arty arrived ...; closed 1985
Battalion Operations Cen most likely, in the Fall of 1959, MISSILE MASTER, the first integrated fire distribution system (AADCP), implemented
Karlsruhe 195th ORD DET (GMDS) reorg as DSP, 3/71 in mid 1960s?
Gerszewski Bks, Karlsruhe DSP moved to Ludwigsburg sometime in 1974
Flak Kaserne, Ludwigsburg DSP 1974
Karls Kaserne, Ludwigsburg??? DSP closed 1985
Wilkins Barracks, Kornwestheim A Btry believe Alpha was located here until its designated tactical site at ... was constructed
Geinsheim () A Btry Originally, A Btry, 3-71 located at Geinsheim; around 1969, the unit was redesignated A Btry, 2-56
Dallau () A Btry as of 1969; before that, this was the site of D Btry, 1-67
Wilkins Barracks, Kornwestheim B Btry Bravo's NIKE AJAX missiles initially set up in open air temporary area in Kornwestheim; appears that Bravo moved to newly constructed permanent Grossachsenheim site (on former WWII Luftwaffe base) in May 1959; during summer of 1959 conversion to NIKE HERC
Grossachsenheim () B Btry Bravo was the last battery of the 3/71 to close - July 1985
Kleingartach () C Btry
Hardheim () C Btry Charlie took over this site after the 1/67 left
Pforzheim (Wurmberg) () D Btry

 
(Source: Email from John Eakin, DSP 3/71 Oct 1966 - Oct 1969)
I've heard that Alpha, 552nd AAA MSL Bn battery was originally located at Karlsruhe and another story that battalion Hq was originally there, but I don't know that for a fact, but it would explain why the DSP was not co-located with any other battery.

HHB, 3/71st ADA and battalion Hq was at Kornwestheim during 1966-69.  BOC was co-located with Bravo Battery at Gross.

The 195 Ord Det became the DSP of HHB in June 1966 and stayed in the same facilities at Gerszewski Bks.  In 1967 the DSP also assumed engineer (generators) and signal (IFF and TPS-1) support of the battalion.


Administrative Building, Delta Battery, Pforzheim (1986)
 
1981
(Source: Email from Greg Mosholder, D Btry, 3/71st ADA, 1981-85)
I was stationed at D 3/71 ADA from 1981 to 1985. I lived in the barracks bldg shown in the posted pictures (Marco A.'s photos below). How sad to see it in this condtion. From watching a video posted on YouTube, I learned that the entire US portion of the Buckenberg Kaserne was torn down!!! So now these historical bldgs no longer exist. I don't know if the French part was also torn down or if it is still standing.
 
(Photo above) The admin building was located on the west side of the Buckenberg Kaserne which was under French control since the end of WWII. Before that, it was a Wehrmacht Kaserne. I think that it dated back to the early 1900's-WWI era. I don't know when the Admin building was built, but I guess 1957 as this was the year that the Nike base was established. The area across the street from the Admin area was used by the French for driver training. It was originally an air strip for the Luftwaffe in WWII. The Admin Building served as billets, messhall, Orderly Room and unit club. The Orderly room, mess hall and unit club were located on the first floor. The club was on the east end of the building(the end of the building on the left of the picture) The club contained a bar, several booths and two pinball machines, a Pac Man machine and a Centipede machine another video game who's name I can't remember as well as a Juke Box. The Orderly room and offices occupied the middle portion and the mess hall was on the other(west) end. The second floor contained the supply room, movie/TV room, dayroom and billets for the 16C Radar and other IFC soldiers. The third floor was all billets with the MP's on the east end of the building and the 16B's Nike Crewmen were on the west end. There were latrines on all floors and showers on the 2d and 3d floors. As I remember, the female soldiers were billeted in their own area on the first floor. They had rooms with their own showers.(not sure of them being on the first floor though). The movie/TV room had a 16mm movie projector that had to be operated by a licensed operator. We got movies sent to the unit from the MWR office located in Coffee Barracks near Stuttgart. The licensed operator was SGT Aguirre, I believe. We called it a movie/TV room and there was a TV there, but there was no TV as we didn't have AFN reception at the Admin area. The housing area in Kieselbronn had AFN reception. There may have been a Beta Max or VHS machine though.

There was also a motor pool building, POL point/fueling station located along the fence on the north side of the compound. At the admin site as well as a steam boiler plant for hot water and steam heat. A basketball/tennis court was located at the rear (west) end of the compound. In 1983 a relocatable two story barracks was constructed at the rear of the Admin area. This building was later relocated to an engineer kaserne near the Rhine River west of Landau after the unit closed in 1985. In General, each room housed 4 soldiers. There were a couple of rooms that could house 6-8 soldiers. With the exception of the female rooms, the latrines on each floor were common latrines for the male soldiers. There was also a laundry room on the 2d and 3d floors with one washer and dryer each.
 

LA area, Delta Battery, Wurmberg (early 1970s)
 
(Photo above) The buildings on the left in the Launcher Area photo are the ready building and the generator building. The building to the right of the assembly building is the warhead building. The ready building was were the launcher crewmembers and MP's stayed when they were off duty. There were bunks, small kitchen, latrine and arms room located in this building. The food for the on duty crews was ferried out to the launcher area from the messhall in the Admin area. This was done using the duty runner who drove an M151A1 (Ford) jeep. The food was packed in Mermalite containers. The generator building housed a steam plant for heat/hot water, a 60kw diesel generator, converters to convert civilian German power to Nike power requirements and switching gear to switch from German to 60 kw generator power and visa versa. Also, there was a small workshop and parts room for the generator crew. The pipes in the picture are steam heat pipes used to heat the missile storage barns. They were also used to support the commo and missile data cables for each launch section. The van in the middle of the picture is the LCT (Launch Control Trailer). It was used in the missile launch sequence and it could be used to launch a missile if the IFC to launcher area cable was put out of action.
 
D Btry, 3/71st ADA
Pforzheim
     

1. Rear of admin area

2. New billets constructed in 1983

 

3. Main entrance to LA

4. Sp4 Mosholder

5. Tower #3
 

Radar area of IFC with control van
 

Main gate and Ready Building at IFC
 
(Source: Email from Steven Swift)
I was at D 3/71 from early 1981 to Oct 1982. I just got back from my parents house and I scanned some pictures. Some were from the radar site and maybe one from the launch area. If you want them, I can send them to you so you can post them.
 
D Btry, 3/71st ADA
Pforzheim
     

1. Buckenberg Kaserne

2. Barracks building

3. Wurmberg
 

 
(Source: Email from Marco A., Germany)
Buckenberg Kaserne, located in the southern part of Pforzheim, was an old Wehrmacht barracks occupied by French Forces after the end of the war.

It is not clear at what point, but eventually a section of the barracks was used to house Battery "D" of 3rd Bn, 71st ADA. Single soldiers were billeted in barracks in the US-section of the post while accompanied married personnel were housed at a US housing area in Kieselbronn. The Battery's Launch Area was located at Wurmberg (known as "Hagenschießwald" to the Germans) and the IFC somewhat east of that.

Marco A. is a German Army Reserve Officer who is collecting historical information on the military installations in and around Pforzheim. Both he and I would be very interested in corresponding with any former member of "D" Battery or any other US Army or Air Force personnel stationed in and around Pforzheim to gather more information on this subject. Please contact me if you have information or want to know more about this project.
 
D Btry, 3/71st ADA
Pforzheim
     

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Map on left points out (inside red circle) the section of the French kaserne in Pforzheim used by "D" Btry.  

 
(Source: Email from Dave Zigler, DSP 3rd Bn, 71st ADA)
You have the DSP located on Karls Kaserne - I was assigned to the DSP 3/71, 1973-1977. In 1973 the DSP was in Karlsruhe, Gerzewski Barracks, we moved to Ludwigsburg, Flak Kaserne in late 1973, early 1974 and that is where the DSP was when I left in 1977.

In 1973-1977, the Battalion Operations Center (BOC) was co-located with B 3/71 ADA at Grosssachenheim.

Karls Kaserne was a very small Kaserne in Ludwigsburg, there was a DOD-EUR Elementary School there, our daughter went to kindergarten and first grade there.


The NIKE-HERC site as seen from "Alpha" Tower, 1983
 

Chinooks fly in to C Battery, Hardheim, to remove nuclear warheads, 1983
 
1983
(Source: David Buckley photo album, "d652ada" Yahoo Groups page)
C Btry, 3/71st ADA
Hardheim
     

1. Main entrance

2. Motor pool

3. Site seen from barracks
 

 

Great aerial photo of the former C Battery site, 2007 (Martin Stenger, Germany)

 
EARLY NIKE UNIT PATCHES - 1950s

552nd AAA Msl Bn



 

Related Links:

Charlie Battery, 3rd Missile Battalion, 71st Artillery website
A shining example of what a Cold War veteran's personal website can look like - good design; neat organization; historically informative narrative; great period photos - both color and B/W; overall a quality website that is fun to visit.
 

Rolf's Nike Pages website
Rolf Dieter Goerigk, former member of a German Air Force Nike unit and expert on the deployment and history the NIKE air defense system in Germany, continues to improve and expand the premier website on the allied NIKE air defense units that served in Germany and the rest of Western Europe.
 
  NIKE AJAX and HERCULES ORDNANCE Support Units - Doyle Piland's very informative website dedicated to the men and women, both military and civilian, who served in the various Nike Ajax and Hercules support shops throughout the world.  
  3rd Battalion, 71st Air Defense Artillery - a reunion website maintained by Andrew Emmett.  
  B Battery 3rd Missile Battalion, 71st Artillery - nice web site dedicated to B Battery, 3rd Missile Battalion 71st Artillery at Großsachsenheim, Germany from 1957 - 1983  
  Delta Battery 3rd Battalion, 71st ADA - website dedicated to the soldiers who served at Pforzheim in D Battery, 3-71st ADA.  
  Night Hides Not - B Battery 2nd Battalion, 56th Air Defense Artillery - Danny Carter's website dedicated to preserving the memories of B Btry 2nd Bn 56th ADA (stationed at the missile site in Landau i.d. Pfalz).  
  B Btry, 5th MSL Bn 1st Arty Dexheim, Germany - Ray Bice's website for soldiers, family members and friends who served at Bravo Battery in Dexheim.  
  D Btry, 2nd Bn 1st ADA Dichtelbach, Germany - a website for soldiers, family members and friends who served at Delta Battery and its predecssor, D Btry, 5th Bn, 1st Arty.